The local government bodies of Jinavia for purposes of administration consists of 28 Regions, 140 governorates and 560 provinces. In addition to these subdivisions, there are some local entities subject to a different administration.
Municipalities, the Capital of the Empire, the First Feud, Governorates, Regions, Regional Ethnic Communities and the central government are the Imperial State. The subdivisions of the imperial state is administrative in nature: the political power is held by the central government State and by the whole Empire. Municipalities, Provinces, Governorates and Regions are a sequence of levels of government, according to a hierarchical system, beginning from the top until they invest all Empire.
The bulk of meaning of local government is the fact that the local aristocracy and the best parts of the commoners have not only the interest, but also the right of dealing honestly with local affairs. Thus, the righteous governor of the Empire, the Emperor, shares with Imperial Subjects the local authorities in order to avoid the misconduct of corrupt officials and to ensure the best government to the local partitions and incarnations of the Empire: as at the central level the Emperor rules alongside the Peers, the most illustrious commoners and the rest of aristocracy, also at the lesser jurisdictions these three components are entitled to help the Emperor's local governors.
Princely Feuds, noble and allodial lordships and Immunities are feudal autonomy that make up the Empire of Jinavia in his capacity as Supreme feudal lordship.
Noble and allodial lordships, villages subject to the Emperor's protection, Abbeys and ecclesiastical immunities are a reality of sovereignty in fact, even if under the direct protection of the Emperor and under the consequent resulting control. The Imperial Cities are cities directly depending on the Emperor and its formal properties. The small feudal lords are, within the limits of their autonomy sanctioned by a decree of the Emperor, under the jurisdiction of the Imperial State or Regional Ethnic Communities.
Vassals and protectorates of the Jinavian Empire are different in nature from commonwealth dominions and include the Khanate of Makharia, the Dukedom of Vostroyia, the Ymerodraeth yr Gwlad Glas and the Republic of Uriankhai.
The feudal autonomies are
- Princely Feuds
- Noble and allodial Lordships not princely
- Imperial Villages
- Ecclesiastical Immunities
- Imperial Cities
The Imperial State provides five levels of administration and government:
- The Central Government
- Regional Level
- Imperial Regions
- Regional Ethnic Communities
- Megalopolis of Saint Basilsburg
- Megalopolis of Archangelsburg
- Capital Municipality
- Urban Municipality
Jinavia has a unitary rather than federal system of government, in which local jurisdictions largely depend on national government financially. The Ministry of Interiors intervenes significantly in local government by appointing heads of local governments, as do other ministries. This is done chiefly financially because many local government jobs need funding initiated by national ministries.
The result of this power is a high level of organizational and policy standardization among the different local jurisdictions allowing them to preserve the uniqueness of their government.
Heads of local governments are appointed by the Emperor, after proposal of Interior Minister, among the Prefects, and approved by local legislatures. If the legislature disapproves the nominee, it is dissolved.
The Empire of Jinavia administers 28 are holding a number of powers and administrative discretion and government, although government policy depend on the address of the Empire. Depending on their status, enjoy special privileges and powers.
Governorates are the second level of local government. Governorates within their borders a number of provinces or directly manage specific local situations, such as lands inhabited by some ethnic minorities not sufficient to constitute a R.E.C. There are 140 governorates.
The province is a local authority subordinate to the regional and Governorate level, levels of which procince is part and includes the territory of several municipalities. Provinces are internally subdivided into Districts and Mandment. These subdivisions are not local government bodies, but only provincial decentralization agencies. There are 560 provinces.
The Municipality is an administrative territorial unit determined by specific borders to which stresses a portion of population. It is, for its capacity of center in which there is the social life of its inhabitants, the fundamental local authority.
- 1 Summary of levels of administrative division
- 2 Imperial Region
- 3 Regional Ethnic Communities
- 4 Imperial Council of Composition
- 5 Governorates
- 6 Province
- 7 Municipal level
- 8 Closed Cities
- 9 Centrally Administered Tribal and Boundary Areas
- 10 The Most Serene Republic of Saint Mark
- 11 Imperial immediacy
- 12 Imperial City
Summary of levels of administrative division
Regions are the higher territorial level authority of the Imperial Government.
Each region is a territorial entity with its own statutes, powers and functions. All regions have the official emblem and flag. The flags of the Imperial regions are always green and white (heraldically truncated silver and green) with the emblem of the region loaded on white. The Regional political bodies are:
- The Regional Governor, a representative of the central government and head of local government.
- The Regional Board
- The Regional Council
The Region has a Regional Council which exercises legislative power over matters for which every single Region is responsible. The administrative and executive functions are assigned to the Regional Board, formed by the Regional Adermans as well as the Regional Governor.
These bodies are mandatory for the regions, for which the statutes and regional laws cannot otherwise provide the constitutional laws.
The Region has regulatory powers in respect of matters on which region has exclusive jurisdiction and those in which the jurisdiction between the state and region is concurrent in nature. It has regulatory powers in the exclusive State competence as it is delegated. The Governor along with the Regional Council shall exercise the regulatory powers in areas of exclusive state competence is delegated to the regions.
The region, through regional laws, may delegate administrative functions to lowwe bodies. The region has financial autonomy of income and expenditure, establishes and implements their own taxes and revenues, according to the principles of financial policy estabilished by the Government of the Empire. Decides about transfers from tax revenues attributable to its own territory.
The Government of the Empire can replace for bodies of the regions in case of failure to comply with international treaties or serious hazard to public safety and security, or when necessary to preserve the unity of the Empire. By decree of the Emperor are decided dissolution of the Regional Council and removal of the Regional Governor who have committed serious violations of law or policies of insubordination. The dissolution is approved by the Council of Ministers. The Government can also cancel a regional law.
The region, when it considers that a law of another region is affecting its jurisdiction, may raise the question of legitimacy before the Council of Ministers.
The Regional Governor is one of the bodies of the Region. He must have the rank of Prefect of First Class, is the head of the Region and of the Regional Board. He has the power to veto laws passed by the Regional Council.
The Regional Governor:
- Represents the region
- Directs the policy of the Board and is responsible
- Promulgates laws and issues regional regulations
- Directs the administrative functions delegated by the State to the region in accordance with instructions of the Government of the Empire.
- Is the regional public health authority and regional public security authority: it is to note that is for Regional Governor to signed the executive orders allowing the use of military personnel other than the Gendarmerie, and specify the top-most level of intensity to bring into large internal security actions which require the deployment of wide military resources.
The Governor, therefore, has at the regional level a role comparable to that of First Minister. The Governor is also a member by right of the Regional Council.
Convenes and presides over the Board, establishing the agenda, assigns each Alderman organic functions for groups of matter and settle conflicts of jurisdiction between them.
The Regional Vice-Governor is selected from the Grandukes of the Region.
The Regional Board is the governing body of the Region. It is a collegial body composed of Regional Aldermans: as such, for this body, tis valid he principle of collective political responsibility. Members of the Board are appointed by the Regional Governor, who is able to select between as among members of the Regional Council as among outsiders.The Governor may revoke members of the Board.
The Board remains in office for as long as the Governor remains in office. In normal cases the council remains in office for all ten years of the regional legislature.
The Board has its own functions, distinct from those attributed to the Regional Governor and those to be delegated to that individual Aldermans regarded as heads of regional offices. The activities of the Regional Board is directed by the Governor and has executive and administrative powers. It has also powers in relation to all deliberations of the Council. Is prerogative of the Board:
- Programming and plans of the Region;
- Programming the annual regional budgets;
- Approving the regional annual budget and final accounts
- The rules of changes to the financial statements
It is always up to the Board to direct the activities of regional offices, at whose head are placed the individual commissioners under the specific skills. The Board manages the assets of the Region as insititution. The Board has the power to propose legislation, it is also the Board to define the regional regulations. The Board, if authorized by the Government of the Empire, can replace the Regional Council, producing legislative decrees.
Under Regional Aldermans there are Regional Deputy Aldermans, both career civil servants and politicians (both being appointed by the Governor): they deal with specific sectors within the Alderman individual sectors. The Regional Deputy Alderman for Provincial Administrative and Social Police is a career official who is in charge of determining overall and general operational methods, further training institutes or special facilities.
Regional Control Committee
The Regional Control Committee is an organ of the region which the functions of control over the acts of the provinces, municipalities and other local authorities are assigned to. The Control Committee exercises the legality of acts of the provinces, municipalities and other local authorities. In cases determined by law may also exercise control over the matter. The control on the substance is intended for the provincial and interprovincial acts and resolutions corresponding to the municipal acts for which the approvation of the Provincial Board is required (budgets, regulations, disposal of properties, etc..).
The Committee is based in the capital of the region, is appointed by the Regional Governor and holds office as the Regional Council. It is a collegial body consisting of:
- Three members and three alternate members elected by the Regional Council of experts in disciplines administrative residents in the Region;
- One member and one alternate appointed by the Governor Regional
- One member and one alternate appointed by the President of the Administrative Court of Appeal within its judges.
The President of the Regional Committee is elected by the same among the members expressed by the regional council. An official of the region designated by the Regional Governor shall act as secretary.
Regional Commission for the Central Civil Services
The Commission is responsible to run the Central Civil Services which are territorially organized. It is composed of heads of regional departments of central agencies and ministries, and is chaired by the Regional Governor.
It is not strictly part of the Regional Board, but structures and facilities are both shared with Regional Civil Services.
The Regional Council is, together with the Governor, the legislative and, in exclusive, parliamentary body of the Region. Sit on the Regional Council as Councillors:
- All Grand Dukes, Archdukes, Dukes or equivalent belonging to the region that are not on active duty in the Imperial Armed Forces.
- All the Bishops and Archbishops of the corresponding ecclesiastical region
- Twenty Nobles elected by equal rank members.
- Twenty Patrices elected by equal rank members.
- Twenty Knights elected by equal rank members.
- The representatives of all universities in the region.
- A representative from each Province, appointed by the Prefect.
Regional Ethnic Communities
Regional ethnic communities is the term designated to indicate the particular regional subdivisions of the Empire.
The concept of the autonomous region stems comes from the fact that the empire is made up of different nations and cultures that live together. There are 7 Regional Ethnic Communities, each comprising an ethnic minority. They are composed of the provinces that have a strong ethnic composition. They have the right to establish their own official language and an autonomous school system: in each REC the instruction takes place in their own language, while it is mandatory the study of Latin and Sanskrit. Every citizen of R.E.C. has the right to appeal to imperial institutions in their own language.
The REC is responsible togheter Central State for all matters but the state security, diplomatic relations and national defense. Consequently, the CET are authorized to take all appropriate legislative and enforcement measures relating to internal communications, rules governing the ownership, industry, business and public services, a small number of criminal offenses, working conditions, etc.
The Imperial Armed Forces that are not responsible for the police can be deployed in the Regional Ethnic Communities, but do not have the power to interfere actively in local affairs, and must be subjected to local laws when it is not compromised the efficiency of the military.
The Lord Lieutenant
The Lord Lieutenant is the counterpart of the Regional Governor: he is the head of the community, general powers and representative functions of government and territorial administration. The Lord Lieutenants are appointed by the Emperor, selected among the Grand Dukes belonging to the ethnic community.
The Autonomous Government
The Government of the Community and the Regional Community. It is a collegial body composed of the Lord Lieutenant, who presides over it, and the Secretaries of Government are appointed and dismissed by the Lord Lieutenant between subjects meeting the requirements of morality and honesty.
Compared with the Deputy Alderman of Administrative and Social Police, the Deputy Secretary of Government for Security has a wider role, being allowed to co-ordinate and direct provincial services of Administrative and Social Police within his jurisdiction.
Community Commission for the Central Civil Services
The Commission is responsible to run the Central Civil Service branches which are regionally organized. It is composed of heads of Community departments of central agencies and ministries, and is chaired by the Lord Lieutenant.
It is not strictly part of the Autonomous Government, but structures and facilities are both shared with Community Civil Services.
The Court of the Community
The Court of Community is the legislative body, which corresponds to the Regional Council.
Imperial Council of Composition
The Imperial Council of Composition is the body of the Government of the Empire responsible for disputes, both of civil and criminal, between the Government of the Empire and the Regional Ethnic Communities. About these arguments and issues a final decision appealable only to the Emperor, even if the judgments can then be reformulated by the same organ.
At the Summit of the Council comes a Lieutenant of the Emperor, appointed by Emperor after consulting the Prime Minister.
Other Council members are:
- Council Commissioners, appointed by the Prime Minister of the Empire, who judge the merits of the litigation.
- The Tax Lawyers, appointed by the Council of Ministers, which instruct Togata before the Commission.
- The Clerk of the Council appointed by the Lieutenant of the Emperor, who deal with the bureaucratic support.
The Governorate is a level of territorial division between the Region or Regional Ethnic Communities and the Province. The Governorates is, therefore, the second level in the administrative hierarchy of the state.
The Governorates is an institution designed to group the special territorial realities within regional level to manage functions that go beyond the province and can not be managed by the Region or the Ethnic Community.
They are also demultiplexer bodies for matters in competence of Government of the Empire, such as public security, or the regional government.
Governorates are administered by the Government Office, led by the Chancellor of Government (Exarch or Metropolite), appointed among the Chief Prefects by Prime Minister after the Regional Governor or the Lord Lieutenant. The Exarchs may also be appointed within the Peers of the Empire.
Although Exarchs hold general managerial competences in the delivery of public facilities, their authority is primarily intended to coordinate and only in the business of their strict competence is the general direction and determination in nature.
There are two types of Governorates:
The Exarchates span portions of Imperial regions, homogeneous in geography and social structure in order to constitute roupings related by management problems. Typically include peninsulas and continental groupings, each of about ten provinces.
The Chancellor of Government holds the title of Exarch and is the general authority of government, administration and management of the affairs of jurisdiction of the Exarchate. He is assisted by the Office of Government appointed and removed by him.
Within the Office of Government, the Chairman of Committee of Provincial Heads of Service of Administrative and Social Police is the responsible for the co-ordination at Governorate level: since the Governorate has mainly auxiliary functions in respect of both Region and Empire, the Committee is tasked of mere operational co-ordination, particularly during traffic blocks or similar events and campaigns.
The Advisory Deputation is the consultation body of the Exarch. It consists of:
- Advisory Delegates, appointed by the Province Prefects within Public Administration
- Advisory Deputies, elected by the Professors of all levels within the Professors of legal, administrative, economic and political analysis disciplines.
A Megalopolis - or Autonomous Municipality - is a type of Governorate which includes only a huge city, whose infrastructure links make it, in fact, divorced from the socio-economic provincial and whose economy is oriented mainly in the services sector.br> The subdivisions of the first and second level, while being treated, respectively, as provinces and municipalities from administrative point of view, do not follow the criteria of government and autonomy provided by these two levels.
In the Megalopolis, Megalopolite combines the powers of both Governor and provincial Prefect. He also exercises the same attributions of the Provinces. Appoints and dismisses the Office of Government.
The Government Assembly is the supreme participation body in the affairs of Megalopolis. The main function of the Assembly is the development and approval of the Megalopolitan Ordinances, despite the ultimate sanction is a matter for the Megalopolite and can be set aside by the Prime Minister.
The Government Assembly is formed by the Bureau, and by the Deputies and Delegates. The Bureau is composed of the President, two Vice-Presidents and four Secretaries to the Presidency.
Delegates are divided into two classes: by designation and by right. Deputies are elected.
- Designated Delegates are people who shall be appointed by the Metropolite because of their social position and for such services they rendered.
- The Delegates by Right are the Megalopolite, the Office of Government, the Presidents of Megalopolitan Administrative Zones, the Rector of the local University or the Chairman of the local Conference of Rectors. Their term of office together with the assignment for which prosecutors.
- Deputies are those who owe their status to an indirect election in the context of University Professors and an intermediate body, which the Metropolitan Chamber of Labour, Local Business Federation and any Professional corporation. Their term lasts three years, subject to renewal.
The Empire of Jinavia is divided into 560 Provinces.
The province is a third level territorial local authority whose territory the is less in extension than of the region and governorate (of which, in turn, is a part) and includes the territory of the most Municipalities, usually gravitating around a medium urban center.
The Province is governed by the Prefect in cooperation with the Provincial Government.
Megalopolitan Administrative Zones
Megalopolitan Administrative Zones are bodies of the local administration of Megalopolis treated as the Provinces with advisory functions and management of basic services and the exercise of delegated functions.The MAZ enjoy managerial autonomy, financial and accounting details and have delegated powers, including those on economic development and on construction of private local interest. Unlike the provincial prefects, the Presidents of the area are not Public Security and police authority and have a limited role in administering the territory.
Each Megalopolitan Administrative Zone has its own President, who ranks Prefect, and the Zonal Council, made up of four Councillors, one of which functions as Vice President, specially appointed by the President.
The Prefect is the peripheral organ of the Imperial Government with general powers and functions of administration at the provincial level. He is the highest state authority in the Province and the direct representative of central executive power.
The Prefect hierarchically depends on the Minister of the Interior, but the Prime Minister may issue appropriate directives to the prefects.
- Represents the government at the provincial level.
- Is the provincial public security authority, the Quaestor being its delegate.
- Exercises full-function peripheral administration of the state not expressly assigned to other offices.
- Presides over and conducts the general policy of the Province.
- Monitors on maintaining the rights of the Administrative raising, if necessary, to prevent conflicts of jurisdiction that the ordinary courts will encroach the area reserved for the administrative power.
- Provides the publication and enforcement of laws
- Monitors on the progress of all public bodies, and in case of emergency measures which he believes is essential in the different service branches.
- Gives instructions to the Administrative Police
As provincial public security authority, the Prefect is responsible for public order and security and directs the public security activities through local commmand of the Gendarmerie, which is operationally superior to. He has the right to request and require military force.
At provincial level, the figure of the prefect has a dual role: he is responsible for the implementation of ministerial directives and direction of the Gendarmerie, and is also responsible for provincial public security. The Prefect must, in implementing the ministerial directives, provide plans to control the territory, which the commanders of the Gendarmerie must implement. As head of Public Security, he may prohibit a stay at foreigners or reject the national territory, decide with regard to the sale and smuggling of alcohol and grants the right to bear arms without a license.
In his capacity as functional superior of the Quaestor, the Prefect orders the formal investigation in respect of Gendarmes and non-commissioned officers and chairs the disciplinary committee.
The fundamental task of the public security is to ensure the conditions for social peace, preventing the crystallization of the factors that potentially threaten, even before removing the disturbance were already in place. The task goes beyond the protection of public contrast of crime, to extend to any determination that can prevent the emergence of conflicts and their degenerate into episodes of distress. Thus protecting public order means above all preventing the causes that may crack it.
In matters related to Civil protection, the Prefect oversees the coordination of activities of immediate relief to cope with emergency situations. The Prefect is in charge of provincial plans for emergency external radiation dangers arising from the use of nuclear energy, in collaboration with the Jinavian Civil Defence Corps.
Among the functions covered by the general administration, there are activities related to mediation in labour disputes and the guarantee of basic public services and the recognition of legal persons, the granting of the status of subjection to the imposition of administrative penalties for decriminalized offenses and road traffic.
In respect of the Municipalities, the control of the Prefect is tough and constant. He orders the necessary inquiries in respect of local and if necessary sends special commissioners in the administrations of local authorities to carry out, in case of delay or omission on the part of the organs ordinary acts required by law, and to hold them for the period of time strictly necessary, if they can not for any reason run.
Provincial Government Cabinet
The Cabinet is responsible primarily for confidential practices, for the Prefect's personal affairs (which generally the secretary of the Prefect provides to), for economic affairs, and reports of labour disputes and control over local authorities. The Vice Prefect is the head of Cabinet.
The Cabinet is divided into four divisions and a Cabinet Secretariat. Each Division is headed by a Vice Prefect-Inspector or by a Sub-Prefect.
- The Cabinet Secretariat manages, on explicit delegation of the Prefect, confidential and political affairs and affairs related to internal staff, other government offices, associations, migration, print and manage relationships with political and military authorities, security guards, territorial militia.
- The First Division, in addition to dealing with affairs not assigned to other divisions, deals with administrative matters such as acts of citizenship and registry offices, of keeping order, and the excise of the municipalities and the religious affairs (for placet appointments and transfers of parish priests, etc...)
- The Second Division is concerned with hygiene and health.
- The Third Division deals with all matters relating to public works, the roads, railways, postal, telegraph and telephones and the reclamation. In these areas, the prefecture is often accompanied by the technical point of view, by the provincial offices of civil engineering.
- The Fourth Division runs the Central and Regional Civil Services which are territorially organized. It is a committee composed of heads of provincial departments of central and regional agencies and ministries, and is chaired by the Vice Prefect.
The Provincial Board is one of the organs of government of the province. The Board is a collegial body composed of the Prefect, who presides over it, and a number of Prefectural Commissioners, established by provincial statute and not more than twelve. The Commissioners are appointed by the Prefect among subjects meeting the requirements of morality and honesty. The Prefect, by law, has the widest discretion in the appointment and removal of Commissioners.
The Board is working with the Prefect in the government of the province, and operates through collegial decisions concerning all acts falling within the functions not within the strict jurisdiction of Prefect. Each Prefectural Commissioner gets, usually, one or more proxies relating to specific sectors of the provincial administration.
The provincial government has important functions of administrative supervision, including:
- review of the legality and merit of acts of municipalities and institutions of assistance and charity
- administrative court functions.
Provincial courts are the highest organ of people's participation in the affairs of the province. The main function of the courts is the development and approval of Provincial Ordinances, although the ultimate sanction is up to the Prefect and can be set aside by the Prime Minister.
Provincial courts consist of by the Presidency Bureau and Deputies.
The Bureau is composed of the President of the Courts, two Vice Presidents and four Secretaries.
The President is appointed by the Prime Minister of the Empire from a set given by the Prefect among the Deputies of the Courts of the Province. Vice-Presidents and Secretaries are appointed by the Prefect as instructed by the Courts.
Deputies are subdivided into four classes: Birth, design, and Election Law.
- Prosecutors by Blood are those who are because of their inherited status: all the heads of noble families of rank higher than Patrice are entitled to gain a seat in the courts of the Province.
- Designated Deputies are those who owe their seat to their position or to services rendered. Thry are appointed by the Prefect.
- Deputies Elected are those who, as the name suggests, owe their position to an indirect election in an intermediate body, as the Provincial Chamber of Labour, the Provincial Business Federation, each Provincial Professional Corporation and the Board of Mayors. Their term of office is four years, subject to renewal.
- Deputies by Law are the Prefect, the Provincial Board, the University Rectors and executive Directors of the Prefecture. Their term of office ceases together with the assignment for which they are prosecutors.
Districts and Mandment
The Province is further subdivided into Districts and Mandments as decentralization bodies which operate internally the Province itself. Neither District and Mandment are local government bodies, but only procince internal agencies. They are led by officials drawn from Prefect Corps and are appointed by the Ministry of Interior upon proposal of the relevant Prefect.
The District is an intermediate body between the province and mandment. The capital city of neighborhoods are home to sub-prefecture, court, Gendarmerie Captaincy, land registry and tax offices. The district is in turn divided into districts. The sub-prefectures are organs of the prefectures of administrative decentralization. They are located in every capital of the district, with the exclusion of the provincial capital where specific tasks are carried out directly by the prefectures.
The Mandment is an administrative region intermediate between the district and the municipality. Carries out certain administrative and judicial functions.
The last local government is local. The municipalities have limited jurisdiction to the urban area and at locations that:
- have the status of the municipal territory
- respond to the status of Capital City, Urban Municipality or Rural Municipality.
Consequently, the suburban areas and smaller towns, having the status of the province, are under the direct rule of the province.
The basic administrative action is attributed to the municipal level. The non-municipal offices are structured primarily on municipal basis. The municipality enjoys relative financial and taxation autonomy. Its budget includes, in addition to optional costs, a significant list of compulsory expenditure.
The structures of government are different in the case relate to the Capital Municipalities, bigger Urban Municipalities or Villages.
The Mayor's Badge is the tricolor sash with the emblem of the Empire of Jinavia and emblem of the municipality he represents. The sash must be worn over the shoulder resting on his right shoulder. The use of the tricolor sash is reserved strictly to the person of the Mayor, who will be represented with the use of such distinctive only by a Assessor or a Councillor delegate to participate in specific public ceremonies. The Mayor wears the tricolor sash on all official occasions and at his discretion, the demonstrations and cultural events where the local council should be represented. The institutional role requires a local administrator to correct and convenient because of the tricolor flag of dignity and decorum of the office. The scarf is made of silk with a bow or knot. On the two queues will be hand-embroidered emblems and applied to the two gold fringe in gold tinsel.
The Capital Municipalities are urban settlements which the see of the province, or governorate or region is fixed in.
The functions of municipal government are entrusted to a Mayor, appointed by imperial decree on the proposal of Prime Minister within the Prefectural hierarchy (often from for Vice prefect inspector adjoint to Vice prefect) for a ten years term, renewable at any time and at any time revocable. The Mayor is the head of the municipal administration and a central government official. On the one hand is the representative of the local community, on the other hand, however, is the terminal of the central power.
Only in the provincial capitals major mayors enjoy real autonomy in relation to municipal secretaries, the messengers of the prefects, actually invested of the government in smaller municipalities.
The Mayor, head of the urban community, is assisted by a Municipal Board composed of at least six Assessors, appointed by the Prefect. It has an advisory role on certain matters specified by law and an executive role on all issues that the Mayor may wish to submit. The Municipal Board:
- Works with the Mayor in the government of the municipality and operates through collegial decisions.
- Carries out all transactions falling within the functions of municipal bodies, which are not reserved to the Mayor
- Works with the Mayor in implementing the general policy of the Council
- Adopts regulations on the structure of offices and services, respecting the general criteria established by the Prefect and the Mayor.
It consists of the nobles who live there. Its task is to propose the adoption of municipal ordinances.
The Urban Municipality is a non-capital municipality but with city dynamics.
The functions of municipal government are entrusted to a Burgomaster, appointed by the Regional Government within the Prefectural hierarchy for five years term which can be at any time be revoked by the Region or the Central Government. The Burgomaster is assisted by a Urban Board composed of at least four Assessors appointed by the Prefect. If there is a Patrician Order, the Assessors are appointed from among residents Patricians. It has an advisory on certain matters specified by law and enforceable on all issues that the mayor may wish to submit.
The Town Council:
- Works with the Burgomaster in the government of the municipality and operates through collegial decisions.
- Carries out all transactions falling within the functions of city government bodies, which are not reserved to the Burgomaster
- Works with the Burgomaster in implementing the general policies of the Board
- Adopts regulations on the structure of offices and services, while respecting the general criteria established by the Prefect and the Burgomaster.
The Village is a rural district, centered on local churches and parishes. Within the Village there may be fractions, one of which resides in the Rural Commissioner, part of the local Knighthood and appointed by the Prefect. Only some villages have, however, residential character.
The Scattered Settlement is a Village-type settlement: it is governed in the same way. The settlements often have small land mass and population and a specific rural character, and are therefore not comparable to a real city. The most common type corresponds to a service center set within an area of scattered villages, where houses are placed directly on the farm assigned to the family. The gathering place is not residential, but includes public buildings (church, clinic, Town Hall, barracks of the gendarmerie and school) and services (agricultural consortium, general store, barber shop, inn), arranged around a square or a roadway.
Private Security Community
Under exceptional circumstances of lack of security (such as non-indoeuropean ethnic revolts or blasphemous riots) can be estabilished some restricted access area, where residents, being untransferable, have the necessity to adopt a form of protection known as Private Security Communities.
The PrivSecComms are established by the residents of a neighbourhood or group of suburban street blocks, once permission has been obtained from the local municipality and relevant Prefect. Plans are also subject to approval by traffic authorities. The configuration is typified by blockade fencing erected on the streets at the outskirts of the PrivSec Community with one or more access points, which consist of booms in the road that are operated by security attendants, who have to be authorized to carry letal weapons. These Communities must keep a register of the registration plates of vehicles entering and exiting the community.
The Community government and management is shared between two officials: the first is the Chief Executive Officer, a private law-regulated manager, who takes care of all civilian tasks; the latter is the Chief Security Attendant, a public official of the same rank of the Rural Commissioner, in charge of law, peace, order and security keeping.
A closed city or closed town is a settlement with travel and residency restrictions. Such places are officially known as "Special administrative-territorial formations". All such entities have a status of Military Settlement.
There are currently 12 publicly-acknowledged closed cities in Jinavia with a total population of about 1 million people. They are all directly administered by the Ministry of War.
Gated communities are made from the secret objects where level of Classification was lowered from Closed City status but communities kept or residents are still in force to preserve its status.
Centrally Administered Tribal and Boundary Areas
The far South-East of Jinavia, just outside the Jinavian peninsula, is populated by rebel groups; in the shadows of the south-eastern mountain border lay several non-indoeuropean immigrant peoples: these zones are under loose control, and political-criminal syndicates flourish and prosper against Jinavia. The few large cities are slightly populated by Jinavians, and their boroughs are divided and heavily guarded. Only 3.1% of the population resides in established townships. It is thus the most rural administrative unit in Jinavia.
Centrally Administered Tribal and Boundary Areas (CATBA) is a semi-autonomous tribal region in the far southeast of Jinavia, lying between the Jinavian peninsula and the mountain borders. CATBA comprises seven Agencies and six Frontier Zones. The territory is almost exclusively inhabited by non indoeuropean tribes which are predominantly Muslims by faith.
Agencies are further divided into Competence Areas, and Districts. The Frontier Zones are named after their adjacent settled districts. The administration of the FZs is carried out by the District Commanding Officer. The overall administration of the frontier regions is carried out by the CATBA Secretariat, based in Archangelsburg and reporting to the Prime Minister.
The region is controlled by the central government of the Empire and on behalf of the Emperor, the Secretary of CATBA exercises the imperial authority in the context. The jurisdiction of Jinavian judicial system does not extend to CATBA. The mainly tribes that inhabit the areas are semi-autonomous and officially have cordial relations with Jinavia's government.
Nobles of CATBA are represented in the Imperial Parliament by their elected delegates (and not full members) in the House of Nobles. Only the Tribal Elders are allowed to vote in the elections.
The administrative head of each tribal agency is the Political Agent who represents the Emperor of Jinavia and the appointed Secretary. Each Tribal Agency, depending on its size, has about two to three Assistant Political Agents, about three to ten Agency Officials with the requisite supporting staff.
Each Tribal Agency has roughly 2–3,000 levies force of irregulars for maintenance of law and order in the Agency and borders security.
The FZs differ from the agencies only in the chain of command so that each FR is headed by the District Commanding Officer of the adjacent settled district. Under his supervision there is one Assistant Political Agent and a number of FZ-Officials and support staff.
The Most Serene Republic of Saint Mark
The Most Serene Republic of Saint Mark is a small state, formally independent but still autonomous, of the Empire of Jinavia. It is an enclave within the borders of empire, has an area of 71.5 square kilometers populated by 31,887 inhabitants. The capital city is City of Saint Mark. Because it is in the middle of an are inhabited by Italian-ethnic Jinavians, the official language is Italian alongside to the Empire official common languages, Latin and Sanskrit. The inhabitants are called "sammarcensi".
The Republic has mantained its autonomy thanks to the ancient alliance with the then Kingdom of Saint Basilsburg, which evolved into the Empire of Jinavia: nowadays, it is administratively considered as a Province, but it is not numbered among ordinary Imperial administrative subdivisions.
The Republic formally is an autonomous although not sovereign State that has required the Formal Protection of Holy Jinavian Empire. Therefore, the Republic has autonomous government bodies, confirmed and not appointed by the Emperor or the Imperial State. It is to note that the Republic, despite many similarities, is not an Imperial City.
Geography and administrative divisions
Its territory is shaped like an irregular hilly quadrilateral with the exception of Mount Titano (739 m high), and the other two preceding it, the Monte Saint Cristoforo and Mount Mandra. It is landlocked. The Republic of Saint Mark includes the valley of the Oron River, the Marano River valley and the valley of the Rio San Marino (Saint Marin River). The Republic of is divided into nine local subdivisions, called Castles. Each Castle is named after its capital. These authorities are governed by the Castle Councils. The nine Castles of Saint Mark are:
- City of Saint Mark - the capital
- Borgo Maggiore
Institutions of Saint Mark
Saint Mark is a parliamentary republic. It is dependent on the Empire, to which is still bound by Protection Acts. Saint Mark has no written constitution, although the law still makes reference to "Ancient Custom", the "Statutes of the Republic" and the "Jinavia-RSM Protection Acts". The institutional bodies of the Republic are:
- Captains Regent (Capitani Reggenti), the two Heads of State jointly carrying out a mostly symbolic role. They are elected by the whole Grand Council and formally confirmed by the Emperor. The Captains Regent shall assume office on April 1 and October 1 of each year. They are entitled to the title of Excellency and preside over the Great and General Council, the Council of Twelve and the State Congress. They act jointly and every decision must be taken jointly by having the one against the other the right of veto. Captains are elected every six months from the Grand and General Council, usually between people from different political parties, to ensure a function of mutual control. It named the couple who obtains an absolute majority of votes. The Captains Regent perform jointly the functions of Prefect and Quaestor;
- The Grand and General Council (Consiglio Grande e Generale), the unicameral parliament of 60 members elected by direct universal suffrage every five years by proportional representation. The Republic of Saint Mark is the only place where all commoners are allowed to vote;
- The State Congress (Congresso di Stato), the executive body: it consists of 10 secretaries of state elected among the members of the Great and General Council;
- the Council of Twelve (Consiglio dei Dodici), court, made equal to the first grade courts with general competence;
- Supervisory Board for Harmony of the Laws, watchdog for bilateral agreements and protection;
- the Castle Councils (Consigli di Castello), local government bodies headed by the Castle Captains
Police and militia
The Most Serene Republic of Sain Mark deploys its own police force and its own militia. Both police and militia are subject to the Gendarmerie supervision and they constitute an Autonomous Group, framed at Regimental level, although the operational direction as Prefect and Quaestor is jointly exercised by Captains Regent. The several units composing the security instrument have Italian names.
- Uniformed Military Corps Command (Comando dei Corpi Militari Uniformati): The Command is the highest militia command, and takes care of territorial defence and protection of institutions. The Command is considered as an autonomous command of Brigade level.
- Territorial Militia (Guardie del Territorio): It is a company-sized reserve and emergency response-unit. They co-operate with Civil Police and Protection.
- Republic Reserve Unit (Riservisti della Repubblica): It is a battalion-size reserve unit.
- Town Militia (Milizia Cittadina): It provides to the concrete defence and border security operations.
- Castle Guard (Guardia di Rocca): It protects the various institutional building and deals with security tasks and Jinavian security agencies such as Imperial Security Department, being the intelligence/security agency of the Republic.
- Artillery Company: It is an artillery battery framed within the 145th Artillery Regiment of the Jinavian Army.
- Uniformed Militia Company (Compagnia Uniformata delle Milizie): Co-operates with the Gendarmerie at official events.
- Gendarmerie Corps of Saint Mark (Corpo della Gendarmeria di San Marco): It is a Gendarmerie force to protect the public order: deals with public security, judicial and narcotic police tasks, depending on the Council of Twelve (for judicial police duties) and on Political Affairs Secretariat of State (for the other duties).
- Guard of Grand Council (Guardia del Gran Consiglio): the priority task of the Guard of the Grand Council is to escort and protect the Captains Regent, and the Councilors in their official duties. The Guard of the Grand Council shall perform the support and cover as Imperial Envoys at the ceremony of presentation of credentials of members of Imperial Government and guests of the Regency, the honour guard in institutional venues where ceremonies are held.
- Civil Police and Protection Force (Polizia e Protezione Civile): Acts as judicial police and deals with protection, prevention and combating crime in trade, tourism, ration and traffic; is also responsible for Civil Protection. In some cases they assist the Gendarmerie, has responsibility for supervising the road and perform functions of civil, commercial and tax law.
The Imperial immediacy is a constitutional and political status rooted in Jinavian feudal law and custom, under which the Imperial estates of the Holy Jinavian, as well as individuals such as Princely, noble and allodial lords, as well as the Imperial Cities, are free from the authority of any local State government body and placed under the immediate authority of the Emperor. Immediacy means being subjected to the fiscal, military and hospitality demands of their overlord, the Emperor.
The possession of imperial immediacy comes with a particular form of territorial authority known as territorial superiority, i.e. a limited form of sovereignty.
Princely Feuds, noble and allodial lordships and Immunities are feudal autonomy that make up the Empire of Jinavia in his capacity as Supreme feudal lordship and therefore are not part of the Imperial State, although they are still part of the Jinavian local governance system.
Noble and allodial lordships, villages and towns subject to the Emperor's protection, Abbeys and ecclesiastical immunities are a reality of sovereignty in fact, even if under the direct protection of the Emperor and under the consequent resulting control. The Imperial Cities are cities directly depending on the Emperor and his formal properties. The small feudal lords are, within the limits of their autonomy sanctioned by a decree of the Emperor, under the jurisdiction of the Imperial State or Regional Ethnic Communities.
Advantages could include the right to collect taxes and tolls, hold a market, mint coins, bear arms, and conduct legal proceedings: right to mint coins are granted most often to the Imperial Cities, while the latter could include the so called "blood justice" through which capital punishment could be administered. These rights depend on the individual legal patents granted by the Emperor.
An Imperial City is a self-ruling city that enjoys Imperial immediacy, and as such, was subordinate only to the Emperor, as opposed to a territorial city or town which is subordinate to its ethnic administrative division. Fewer than 100 towns and cities enjoy the status of Imperial City.
Those cities are administered by Imperial Commissars, but city magistrates are in charge of the duties of administration and justice. As the other Imperial Estates, they could control their own trade, and they permit little interference from the Imperial State. The territory of Imperial Cities is quite small but there are exceptions, which possess substantial hinterlands that comprise dozens of villages.
The constitution of Imperial Cities is republican in form, and the city government is aristocratic in nature with a governing town council composed of an elite, hereditary patrician class.
Below them, with a say in the government of the city, are the Burghers, the smaller, privileged section of the city's permanent population whose number varies according to the city. To the common town dweller attaining burgher status could be his greatest aim in life. The burgher status is an inherited privilege but it could also be purchased. However, the burgher status is strictly local and not transferable to another city.
The burghers are the lowest social group to have political power and privilege within the Holy Jinavian Empire. Below them is the disenfranchised urban population, the so-called "Residents" or "Guests": smaller artisans, craftsmen, street venders, day labourers, servants and the poor, but also those whose residence in the city is temporary, such as wintering noblemen, foreign merchants, princely officials, and so on.