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A list of all currently-active UN Resolutions for NationStates:

Contents

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #10: Stop privacy intrusion[]

We feel alarmed by the increasing intrusion of privacy by the governments in the world. Therefore, we propose that legislation is passed by each UN member that all personal communication, including, but not limited to:

face-to-face conversations, mail, telephone, radio, LAN and Internet

shall NOT be intercepted by the government, unless there is serious evidence of a planned or committed crime. This evidence shall be reviewed and approved by the Judiciary before eavesdropping, phone tapping, network traffic monitoring, and other kinds of interception of communications is allowed.

Votes For: 11,733
Votes Against: 7,033

Implemented: Tue Apr 22 2003

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #14: CHILD LABOR[]

GIVEN that many nation states see fit to employ children under age 12 in manual labor and industry,

GIVEN that these industries and labor are often highly detrimental to a child's body and health,

BELIEVING that it is a fundamental right to be given the chance to grow up educated and free from unneccesary disease, injury, and possible death from industrial work,

ASSERTING that it is immoral and atrocious to force children , by manipulation, authority or raw strength, to work for corporation or state,

Be it hereby resolved that the UN shall guarantee the rights of children to NOT work in any mines, factories, chemical plants or ANY OTHER industrial occupation; moreover, it shall be prohibited for a child to take up labor in such an occupation.

Votes For: 16,512
Votes Against: 3,394

Implemented: Tue May 13 2003

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #19: Religious Tolerance[]

Whereas,
Freedom of Religion does not exist
in all countries in the world.
Whereas,
Too many wars are started and fought
because of religious differences.
Whereas,
There is a need for more religious
tolerance on Earth.

Therefore be it resolved that the United
Nations support and promote a greater understanding
of all religions and promote more tolerance of
differences of religion.
Be it further resolved that the United Nations oppose
all wars fought in the name of God and religion.

Votes For: 12,297
Votes Against: 3,380

Implemented: Sat Jun 21 2003

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #22: Outlaw Pedophilia[]

RESOLVED, That the act of sexual molestation of a pre-pubescent minor is hereby outlawed in all UN member nations.

Votes For: 11,739
Votes Against: 1,363

Implemented: Fri Jul 18 2003

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #25: The Child Protection Act[]

Considering that, in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,

Bearing in mind that the peoples of the United Nations have, in the Charter, reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights and in the dignity and worth of the human person, and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,

Recognizing that the United Nations has, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in the International Covenants on Human Rights, proclaimed and agreed that everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth therein, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status,

Recalling that, in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the United Nations has proclaimed that childhood is entitled to special care and assistance,

ARTICLE 1

For the purposes of the present resolution, a minor means every human being below the age of eighteen years unless, under the law applicable to the minor, majority is attained earlier.

ARTICLE 2

1. States Parties shall take all appropriate legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to protect the minor from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect or negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse, while in the care of parent(s), legal guardian(s)d or any other person(s)

2. States Parties shall respect and ensure the rights set forth in the present resolution to each minor within their jurisdiction without discrimination of any kind, irrespective of the minor's or his or her parent's or legal guardian's race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national, ethnic or social origin, property, disability, birth or other status.

3. States Parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure that the minor is protected against all forms of discrimination or punishment on the basis of the status, activities, expressed opinions, or beliefs of the minor's parents, legal guardians, or family members.

ARTICLE 3

1. In all actions concerning minors, whether undertaken by public or private social welfare institutions, courts of law, administrative authorities or legislative bodies, the best interests of the minor shall be a primary consideration.

2. States Parties undertake to ensure the minor such protection and care as is necessary for his or her well-being, taking into account the rights and duties of his or her parents, legal guardians, or other individuals legally responsible for him or her, and, to this end, shall take all appropriate legislative and administrative measures.

3. States Parties shall ensure that the institutions, services and facilities responsible for the care or protection of minors shall conform with the standards established by competent authorities, particularly in the areas of safety, health, in the number and suitability of their staff, as well as competent supervision.

ARTICLE 4

Nothing in the present resolution shall affect any provisions which are more conducive to the realization of the rights of the minor and which may be contained in: (a) The law of a State Party; or (b) International law in force for that State.

Votes For: 11,621
Votes Against: 2,538

Implemented: Sat Aug 2 2003

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #26: The Universal Bill of Rights[]

Recalling the many egregious infringements of human rights,

Recognizing the need to protect basic human rights,

Deploring any acts by government at the sake of human rights,

Determined to put an end to the violation of human rights,


The United Nations shall endorse what will be called the Universal Bill of Rights, the articles of which are as follows:

Article 1 -- All human beings have the right to choose worship any faith, and to change their religious beliefs at any time without punishment on the part of the state.

Article 2 -- All human beings have the right to express themselves through speech and through the media without any interference.

Article 3 -- All human beings have the right to peacefully assemble.

Article 4 -- All human beings have the right to be treated equally under the law of any member nation.

Article 5 -- All human beings must not be subjected to torture or to cruel or inhuman treatment or punishment.

Article 6 -- No human beings will be subjected to arrest or exile without an explicit list of their offenses.

Article 7 -- Any arrested person must be assumed innocent until proven guilty.

Article 8 -- A human beings family members cannot be held accountable for the crimes of their relative.

Article 9 -- Any persons who violate any of these articles shall be held accountable by the law.

Article 10 -- The Universal Bill of Rights does not override the existing Bill of Rights of United Nations members. If any of these stated rights do not exist in a member nation, they are herby protected. If any nation has rights that go beyond these universal rights, the Universal Bill of Rights will not remove those rights.

Votes For: 11,169
Votes Against: 3,649

Implemented: Fri Aug 8 2003

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #29: The IRCO[]

This legislation would hereby implement the International Red Cross Organization, an organization whose sole duty is to provide support for all the nations under UN rule. It functions as a non-profit organization and is run purely on donations and grants to prevent the corruption of government from interfering with its main goal to provide food, shelter, and humanitarian aid to those in need. They would be the first response team to natural disasters, terrorist attacks, and any other events which threaten the lives of citizens. May it be so that the interests of all the citizens in the free world be protected by such a humanitarian group such as the IRCO.

Votes For: 11,835
Votes Against: 1,600

Implemented: Mon Sep 1 2003

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #31: Wolfish Convention on POW[]

Wolfish Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War

Article 1
The High Contracting Parties undertake to respect and to ensure respect for the present Convention in all circumstances.

Article 2
The present Convention shall apply to all cases of declared war or of any other armed conflict, even if the state of war is not recognized by one of them. The Convention shall also apply to all cases of occupation, even if the occupation meets with no armed resistance.

The present Convention shall apply to the prisoners from the time they fall into the power of the enemy and until their final release and repatriation.

Article 3
The provisions of the present Convention constitute no obstacle to the humanitarian activities which impartial humanitarian organization may undertake for the protection of prisoners of war and for their relief.

Article 4
Prisoners of war are in the hands of the enemy Power, but not of the individuals or military units who have captured them. Irrespective of the individual responsibilities that may exist, the Detaining Power is responsible for the treatment given them.

Article 5
Prisoners of war must at all times be humanely treated. In particular, no prisoner of war may be subjected to physical mutilation or to medical or scientific experiments of any kind which are not justified by the medical, dental or hospital treatment of the prisoner concerned and carried out in his interest.

Likewise, prisoners of war must at all times be protected, particularly against acts of violence or intimidation and against insults and public curiosity. Measures of reprisal against prisoners of war are prohibited.

Article 6
The Power detaining prisoners of war shall be bound to provide free of charge for their maintenance and for the medical attention required by their state of health.

Article 7
Taking into consideration the provisions of the present Convention relating to rank and sex, and subject to any privileged treatment which may be accorded to them by reason of their state of health, age or professional qualifications, all prisoners of war shall be treated alike by the Detaining Power, without any adverse distinction based on race, nationality, religious belief or political opinions, or any other distinction founded on similar criteria.

Article 8
Every prisoner of war, when questioned on the subject, is bound to give only his surname, first names and rank, date of birth, and army, regimental, personal or serial number, or failing this, equivalent information.

No physical or mental torture, nor any other form of coercion, may be inflicted on prisoners of war to secure from them information of any kind whatever.

The questioning of prisoners of war shall be carried out in a language which they understand.

Article 9
Prisoners of war shall be evacuated, as soon as possible after their capture, to camps situated in an area far enough from the combat zone for them to be out of danger.

Prisoners of war shall not be unnecessarily exposed to danger while awaiting evacuation from a fighting zone.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, having deposited their respective full powers, have signed the present Convention.

Votes For: 9,735
Votes Against: 2,235

Implemented: Wed Sep 17 2003

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #32: Global AIDS Initiative[]

NOTING with horror the enormous increase in the past decade in HIV infection rates throughout the world,

FURTHER NOTING that the cost of AIDS medications is enormous,

FURTHER NOTING that most countries with significant populations of AIDS sufferers are not economically able to afford these necessary drugs due to their high costs,

REQUIRES the following:

1) The United Nations begin a global effort to educate and enlighten the populations of seriously affected countries as to the nature of AIDS as well as how to take preventitive measures,

2) The HIV testing of national and international blood banks and pools be made mandatory in all member nations in order to cut down on the rate of transmission of this disease through transfusions,

3) The establishement of a fund, contributed to by all member nations, which shall be used to purchase necessary drugs and distrubute them at low cost to the populations of seriously afflicted countries,

4) Economic incentives such as tax write-offs be offered to multinational pharmaceutical companies to allow AIDS medications to be bought in bulk and at lower than market prices,

Votes For: 10,250
Votes Against: 2,005

Implemented: Sat Oct 18 2003

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #33: No Embargoes on Medicine[]

We assert that modern medicine can vastly improve quality of life, and is beneficial to all. Not having access to modern medicine and modern medical supplies can cause unnecessary suffering and death.

Therefore we propose that in the course of war, no nation make embargoes restricting the sale of medicine or medical supplies. We also propose that any controlling authority, be it a government, a rebellion, or an occupying force, make no restrictions in times of war preventing doctors from entering the retion to treat the sick, wounded, and dying.

Modern medicine is one of our societies modern accomplishments. We urge all nations to adopt this resolution to ensure that it is made freely accessable in times of war - times when it is needed most.

Votes For: 11,405
Votes Against: 2,757

Implemented: Fri Oct 24 2003

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #34: Oceanic Waste Dumping[]

Simply put, we ask that all oceanic dumping of toxic wastes in both territorial and international waters be banned.

Sovereignty arguments over territorial water rights are irrelevant because there is no way to prevent toxic waste dumped in one region from contaminating waters in neighbouring nations.

Votes For: 12,645
Votes Against: 2,286

Implemented: Thu Oct 30 2003

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #36: Freedom of Humor[]

Whereas all the enlightened nations of the world recognize that sentient beings possess certain inalienable rights including life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.

And whereas these same nations delineate many of these rights and recognize that pre-eminent among them is the freedom of speech and expression.

And whereas humor is not merely a pathway toward increased happiness, but can also be used to make important points more gently and succinctly than would otherwise be possible,

Therefore let it be resolved that the member states of the United Nations recognize the right to humor as a fundamental right of sentient beings.

And let it be further resolved that the member states of the United Nations shall make no laws preventing any sentient being from exercising this right to humor except where said exercise is contrary to the accepted moral standards of the community or where said exercise is unduly hurtful to a particular individual or group.

Votes For: 10,509
Votes Against: 3,114

Implemented: Sun Nov 9 2003

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #39: Alternative Fuels[]

Whereas: Fossil fuels currently in use cause great pollution to our environment. Air pollution kills wildlife, adversely affects all nations’ populations, and is in fact a general nuisance. Despite the virtual elimination of the use of CFCs the ozone layers continues to evaporate due in large part to the continued use of environmentally damaging toxins such as fossil fuels. If the destruction of the ozone layer continues global warming will become an issue even if it isn’t as of now.

Whereas: Fossil fuels are controlled by a select few nations who by chance possess them in large quantities. This fact enables these nations to act upon a unique and potentially disastrous opportunity to wreak havoc on the world’s economy for their own benefit.

Whereas: Fossil fuels are in danger of becoming as extinct as the creatures that left them. Reserves are already becoming depleted and when the supply does run out the world will come to a halt and be thrust back into another stone age complete with utter chaos. In fact history has shown that deposits are finite. For example, until shortly after World War II Romania was one the largest producers of oil in the world and is now virtually dry.

Whereas: Alternative fuels such as hydrogen are clean with virtually no environmental side effects. Alternative fuels can be developed by any nation with the economy to do so and in fact even small nations with small economies can contribute due to the fact that they will only need as much to supply their population. Alternative fuels will also be cheaper and easier to produce so that a strong economy cannot control the entire energy market. The development of alternative fuels would avert the impending disaster and be a stable source of energy for possibly an infinite period of time.

For these reasons it is proposed that this United Nations put into place a resolution requiring automobile manufacturers to spend a minimum of 1% of their profits toward alternative fuel research so that alternative fuels will proved a viable alternative to fossil fuels.

Votes For: 13,423
Votes Against: 3,386

Implemented: Sun Nov 30 2003

/Alternative Fuels counter-argument

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #40: Banning the use of Landmines[]

All nations are advised that landmines are cruel and unnecessary devices to civilian populations of nations around the world. These weapons indiscriminately maim and kill civilian targets. When conflicts end, landmines pose a serious threat to farming and render large portions of land unuseable. The expense and difficulty of removing landmines after hostilities cease means that farmland and other areas might never be useful to populations for any enterprise. For this reason the immediate banning of the use of landmines in conflicts carried out by UN counties is called for.

Votes For: 14,603
Votes Against: 4,967

Implemented: Sat Dec 6 2003

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #41: END BARBARIC PUNISHMENTS[]

It has come to the attention of many nations that there is no torture in the UN. My proposal is a simple one: To outlaw and prevent torturing of witnesses to receive information.

Every nation has the right to interrogate witnesses. However, they do not have the right to break bones, blind and bruise people while in questioning. (The same goes for punishments for a crime. The punishments have to fit the crime and not include torture or cruel and unusual punishment.)

Any information proved to be found by methods of torture will not be heard in a court of law and the nations will be punished with a substantial fine.

I hope that everyone realizes how barbaric torture and cruel and unusual punishment really is and will support the views of the many concerned nations.

Votes For: 11,124
Votes Against: 7,463

Implemented: Thu Dec 11 2003

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #42: Increased Access to Medicine[]

Diseases such as AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria kill millions of people unneccesarily worldwide every year. Dozens of millions more are suffering as a result of such diseases.

This affects and hurts everyone. For businesses, this is a huge loss in consumers. For education, it is a huge loss in potential scholars. For security, many of these people can be used to serve in law enforcement and the military. For both business and security, when medicines are not made accessible or affordable, black markets selling medicine arise. There would also be less people leaving their home countries if enough and proper medicine could be provided in their home countries. And of course there is also the moral aspect of trying to save people from suffering and death.

It is in the best national and collective interest of nations worldwide to help alleviate the suffering and prevent the deaths of those suffering under the previously mentioned diseases.

If this resolution passes, access to medicine would be increased with the support of all nations in the United Nations. This help would go not just go to people within their respective home countries, but would extend to all countries within the United Nations.

Nations may do this however they wish, from subsidizing their drug industries, to having their state provide more medicine and distributing it abroad.

Votes For: 12,046
Votes Against: 2,568

Implemented: Sun Dec 28 2003

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #44: Fair Treatment of Mentally-Ill[]

Humane Treatment of the Mentally-Ill

Resolved, all countries that are members of UN be required to treat citizens who are mentally-ill humanely.

A mental illness is defined as a psychiatric disorder that results in a disruption in a person's thinking, feeling, moods, and ability to relate to others.

This proposal would include a ban on physical abuse, forcing mentally-ill citizens to perform inhumane tasks, or forcing mentally-ill citizens to live and/or work in inhumane conditions.

Basic services should be offered to all citizens who are mentally-ill.

Votes For: 17,036
Votes Against: 2,975

Implemented: Wed Jan 21 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #47: Definition of 'Fair Trial'[]

A statute entitled "Fair Trial" was passed on Sunday, July 13, 2003. However, this statute is vague. All it does it suggest that a 'fair trial' be given, but it never states exactly what a fair trial is.

Thus, it shall be amended that a fair criminal trial shall be defined as one which:
1. Is speedy and efficient.
2. Entitles all defendants to a functional defense.
3. Allows all defendants to confront the witnesses against that defendant.
4. Presumes all defendants to be innocent until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
5. Is held in the venue from which the crime was committed.
6. Entitles a defendant to a jury of his or her peers.
7. Is held before an impartial judge whom shall apply the law as it is read.
8. That renders verdicts which are proportional to the crime.
9. Makes the trial open to the public and media.
10. Entitles the defendant the right to wave any of the above rights or clauses without reason.

It shall also be amended that a fair civil trial shall be defined as a trial that:
1. Is held before a judge that benefits from neither party's results at trial.
2. Awards compensation to one party only if a preponderance of evidence exists.
3. Allows all parties in a court superior to (but not equal to) Small Claims Court the right to hire private counsel as representation.
4. That renders verdicts which are proportional to the infraction.

As such: all litigants, plaintiffs, prosecutors, and varying degrees of defendants will benefit and allow for a clearer interpretation of United Nations law so that due process shall be upheld, making the legal system fairer for all people.

Votes For: 12,556
Votes Against: 6,283

Implemented: Sat Feb 14 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #49: Rights and Duties of UN States[]

UN membership in NationStates is a choice, not a requirement. Those of us who chose to participate have certain responsibilities to ourselves, each other, and the entire NationStates community. At the same time, we as NationStates have certain rights and responsibilities that we do not willingly give up when we chose to join the UN. It is therefore vital to clearly delineate what constitutes sovereign law versus UN sanctioned international law. This document will attempt to enumerate those most basic of rights, as they exist within and as defined by the United Nations of NationStates.

A Declaration on Rights and Duties of UN States:

Section I: The Principle of National Sovereignty:

Article 1
§ Every UN Member State has the right to independence and hence to exercise freely, without dictation by any other NationState, all its legal powers, including the choice of its own form of government.

Article 2
§ Every UN Member State has the right to exercise jurisdiction over its territory and over all persons and things therein, subject to the immunities recognized by international law.

Article 3
§ Every UN Member State has the duty to refrain from unrequested intervention in the internal or external economic, political, religious, and social affairs of any other NationState, subject to the immunities recognized by international law.

Section II: The Art of War:

Article 4
§ Every UN Member State has the right of individual or collective self-defense against armed attack.

Article 5
§ War in the World of NationStates is defined as a consensual act between two or more NationStates. Any and all NationStates may, at their discretion, respond to declarations of war on NationStates who wish to avoid war. The recommended method is a barrage of I.G.N.O.R.E. Cannons.

Article 6
§ Every UN Member State has the duty to refrain from fomenting civil strife in the territory of another NationState, and to prevent the organization within its territory of activities calculated to foment such civil strife.

Article 7
§ Every UN Member State has the duty to refrain from giving assistance to any NationState which is acting in violation of Article 5, or against which the United Nations is taking preventive or enforcement action.

Article 8
§ Every UN Member State has the duty to refrain from recognizing any territorial acquisition by another NationState acting in violation of Article 5.

Section III: The Role of the United Nations:

Article 9
§ Every UN Member State has the right to equality in law with every other UN Member State.

Article 10
§ Every UN Member State has the duty to carry out in good faith its obligations arising from treaties and other sources of international law, and it may not invoke provisions in its constitution or its laws as an excuse for failure to perform this duty.

Article 11
§ Every UN Member State has the duty to conduct its relations with other NationStates in accordance with international law and with the principle that the sovereignty of each UN Member State is subject to the supremacy of international law.

Votes For: 15,083
Votes Against: 3,395

Implemented: Tue Feb 24 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #50: UN Space Consortium[]

Whereas the nations of the world wish to unify their efforts at space exploration, and

Whereas, no nation can claim title to the Moon,

Let it be resolved, that an agency to be named the United Nations Space Consortium (hereafter referred to as “U.N.S.C.”) is hereby created. The purpose of the U.N.S.C. shall be to establish a permanent Lunar Base capable of furthering the exploration of space for knowledge and resources.

The U.N.S.C. shall be incorporated under the charter of the United Nations and entirely funded through the sale of stock to any desiring nation, regardless of their affiliation to the United Nations. Non-participating nations are free to pursue their own space objectives, but would not reap the rewards of the investors. No taxing authority shall be created by the passage of this resolution.

A Provisional Board of Directors (“Provisional Board”) shall be composed of a representative from each nation participating in the U.N.S.C. immediately following the passage of this resolution. The Provisional Board will then proceed to elect a permanent Board of Directors (“Board”). No sale of stock shall occur before the seating of the Board.

Full operational control, design, development, priorities, and administration will be assigned to the Board whose service will remain subject to the will of the stockholders, as provided for in the Articles of Incorporation.

Let the nations of the world move forward together to a new frontier.

Votes For: 13,191 Votes Against: 5,426

Implemented: Sun Feb 29 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #51: Children in War[]

The NationStates United Nations,

Noting with regret that thousands of children continue to be abducted to serve as soldiers, spies, messengers, servants and sexual slaves with armed forces and groups,

Realizing that poverty, propaganda and ideology also continue to drive the involvement of children in many conflict areas,

Deeply disturbed by the idea that children make obedient and cheap soldiers capable of instilling terror in civilians and opposing forces alike,

Observing that many of these children are generally poor, illiterate, and from rural regions,

Bearing in mind that many nations have a difficult time in protecting these children,

Convinced that the social and economic viability of the future of all nations lies in the humane treatment of children in general,

1. Bans the practise of conscripting or placing children under 16 years of age into national armed services;
2. Insists nations address the causes of child abduction by non-governmental organizations;
3. Emphasizes the need for nations to prevent cross-border abduction and human trafficking;
4. All parties in armed conflict must adopt special measures to protect children from rape and sexual abuse and gender based violence;
5. Expects nations to take into account the special needs of children throughout the duration of the armed conflict and its aftermath;

6. All UN nations must ensure that international measures be taken to take care of child refugees displaced by conflict;
7. Condemns and bans attacks of any sort on places that have a significant presence of children, such as schools, hospitals, and day care facilities;
8. Deplores and bans the practice of using children as human shields by integrating child care facilities, such as those listed above, with military facilities, and prohibits this practise; and
9. Acknowledges the right of nations to set up military academies and to teach children basic survival and defense skills.

Votes For: 15,753
Votes Against: 2,582

Implemented: Mon Mar 8 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #52: Ballast Water[]

Ballast water is a major vector for invasive marine species. By mandatory cycling of ballast water member nations waters we will reduce the introduction and spead of weedy invasive species such as zebra mussel and northern pacific sea star with minimum disruption to industry.

The NationStates United Nations,

OBSERVING that it is common practice for international cargo ships to release ballast water upon arriving at their destination ports or in waters near these ports,

REALIZING that it is necessary for these ships to use ballast material during long voyages across international waters, and that ballast material is extremely useful in allowing ships to remain level while loading and unloading cargo while in port,

AWARE that ballast water is a primary source of the introduction of nonindigenous or alien species into fragile aquatic ecosystems,

CONCERNED that nonindigenous species frequently have no natural predators in the new ecosystems they are introduced into,

NOTING that often these species compete with or threaten and prey upon native species, including many endangered species,

NOTING FURTHER that protecting biodiversity is of interest to both local and international interests, in that losses in biodiversity have resulted in damages and losses in the stock of commercial fisheries,

1. RECOMMENDS that international cargo ships using ballast water exchange or cycle this water while in ocean waters exceeding 1,600 meters in depth;
2. FURTHER RECOMENDS that independant nations pass legislation to mandate the installation of nitrogen deoxification equiptment or UV steralizers on all international cargo ships;
3. CALLS UPON nations to adopt similar standards for domestic cargo ships that travel through international waters;
4. SUGGESTS that the uptake of ballast water should be minimized when propellers may stir up sediments and bottom dwelling organisms, or in periods of darkness, when the quality of the ballast water can not be easily accessed;
5. FURTHER RECOMMENDS that cargo ships, when possible, develop and put into practice routine schedules to clean out the ballast tanks either mid-ocean or in dry docks, in order to minimize the risks of introducing harmful aquatic organisms; and
6. REQUESTS governments work with the shipping industries based in their countries to assess additional methods of minimizing the risks of introducing harmful aquatic organisms.

Votes For: 13,485
Votes Against: 3,505

Implemented: Sun Mar 14 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #53: Universal Freedom of Choice[]

Aware that sometimes, all choices we face are an illusion, but nonetheless strongly believing that as humans, we are entitled to make them ourselves,

Reiterating that freedom of choice is a defining element of our very humanity and the inalienable right of all humanity,

Alarmed that there are those among us who seek to limit our ability to choose, including but not limited to political, educational and consumer choice,

Further alarmed that individuals can be influenced and their ability to decide limited through cultural conditioning,

Deeply disturbed that the practice of subliminal advertising appears to erode the fundamental human trait of free will,

Noting with concern that in the wider world, the populations of entire nations repeat non sequitors issued by the State and remain in profound ignorance of the world around them,

Recalling the Resolution "Universal Bill of Rights" and Articles 1, 2 and 3 in particular,

Approving of past Resolutions restricting personal freedoms in the interests of moral decency,

Stressing that humanity has an innate curiosity about the world, and welcoming all efforts to permit this curiosity to reach its full potential,

1) Urges all members of the United Nations to recognise that a populace granted the freedom to make choices in life is a happier, more content and more productive society;

2) Strongly encourages leaders to imagine how different the world could be, if from an early age, people were free to exercise genuine choice in what they read, watched and learnt;

3) Recognises that the most basic human characteristic is that of curiosity - the ability to wonder, ask questions, and seek answers, and affirms its belief that no State should limit its people's freedom to do this;

4) Expresses its conviction that individuals should not be judged by society for the decisions they make, provided these decisions meet the condition set in Clause 5a of this document;

5) Declares and enshrines in law the freedom of all people to make choices according to their own conscience, particularly with regard to their philosophy of life, social/cultural development and awareness of the world, without unreasonable interference from the State, subject to the following limitations:

a) The decisions taken do not directly inflict physical harm on the individual making them or physical or psychological harm on others; where this is the case, normal criminal law of the country in question applies,

b) The legal guardian of any minor or physically or mentally incapable individual, the latter as defined in the Resolution "Fair Treatment of Mentally-Ill", remains responsible to make informed choices and decisions on their behalf, in accordance with any applicable rights and health and safety legislation laid down by the State,

c) The right to choose with regard to services only extends to existing services, and does not mandate the creation of private health and education sectors in nations where provision of public services is a State monopoly, while the right of the State to later deregulate nationalised services, or choose not to do so, remains unaffected;

6) Declares a moratorium on the use of subliminal advertising pending independent internationally-coordinated research into its effects on the capacity of individuals and wider society to make rational decisions.

Votes For: 9,314
Votes Against: 8,213

Implemented: Fri Mar 26 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #55: World Blood Bank[]

Whereas it has been observed that some nations are experiencing repeated or seasonal shortages of blood,

Whereas it has been observed that most nations are experiencing acute shortages in donor organs,

Whereas it has been observed that organs compatible to the victim of the body are often hard to find,

Whereas it has been observed that only 1 in 200,000 people have compatible marrow types,

Whereas it has been observed that marrow donors are rare,

Whereas it has been observed that every nation is susceptible to acute blood and organ shortages in the case of calamities,

Whereas national blood reserves are largely left idle most of the times as fresh blood expires in a matter of days,

Whereas regional or worldwide redistribution would provide an assurance against acute shortage and could level national shortages/surplusses,

A World Blood Bank is proposed in which all nation's donations would be included and redistributed on a regional scale meeting local needs.

UN nations would need to open up their reserves to the World Blood Bank and partake in the funding of a centralized body that would coordinate the efforts of gathering, archiving and redistributing.

These efforts are deemed compatible with the role of the Red Cross/Red Crescent and could/should be done in concordance with that organisation.

In order to safeguard quality and well-being of donors and receivers, blood, marrow and organ donations should meet the requirements put forward by the Red Cross/Red Crescent.

Votes For: 11,364
Votes Against: 5,912

Implemented: Wed Apr 14 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #56: BioRights Declaration[]

The United Nations and its member states shall hereby recognize and henceforth regard the inherent rights of cloned and genetically engineered persons as being the equal of those of naturally born and unmodified persons.

Votes For: 12,135
Votes Against: 4,726

Implemented: Thu May 6 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #57: Reduce Black Market Arms Sales[]

THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY,

CONSIDERING that the illicit traffic in small arms impedes development, constitutes a threat to populations and security, and contributes to the destabilization of States;

RECOGNIZING the suffering caused by illicit trafficking in small arms and that States bear the obligation to bolster their efforts in developing practical ways of addressing the problem;

REAFFIRMING the right to individual or collective self-defense recognized within United Nations implying that States have the right to acquire arms for defense;

REITERATING the importance of the right of self-determination of all peoples, especially under alien domination or foreign occupation;

CONVINCED of the need for a thorough approach to control and reduce small arms and light weapons in a balanced manner to ensure international peace and security;

1. ADOPTS the following recommendations for the curbing of illicit traffic in small arms and light weapons with respect to the definitions of this weaponry articulated in the annex of this resolution;

2. REQUESTS an independent council be formed to continue to consider the matter and report to it at its subsequent sessions on the implementation of this resolution and to seek and consider the views of all Member States on the objective, scope, agenda, dates and venue of an international conference on the illicit arms trade;

3. DECIDES to convene an international conference on all aspects of the illicit arms trade no later than 2005;

4. WELCOMES the offer by the Government of Mikitivity to host in Miervatia, no later than 2005, an international conference on all aspects of the illicit arms trade;

5. ENCOURAGES the establishment of national programmes to combat the illicit transfer of small arms and ensure the collection thereof within the suggested parameters of paragraph 6 and invites the international community to render technical and financial support to strengthen the ability of States to take these actions;

6. RECOMMENDS that participating States should implement programmes of action which would:

a) employ regulations to control the production of small arms and light weapons within their jurisdiction, and over the export, import, transit or retransfer of such weapons;

b) generate agencies responsible for policy guidance of efforts to prevent illicit trade, including aspects of illicit manufacture, control, trafficking, circulation, brokering, trade, as well as tracing, finance, collection and destruction of small arms;

c) ensure responsibility for all small arms held and issued by the state and create measures for tracing such weapons;

d) and enact, where possible, effective disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programmes, including effective collection, control, storage and destruction of small arms, particularly in post-conflict zones, as well as address the special needs of children affected by armed conflict.

ANNEX

DEFINITIONS In the present resolution and its aspects:

a) “Small arms” means man-portable firearms and their ammunition primarily designed for individual use by military forces as lethal weapons; the term shall be used interchangeably to also denote the aggregate of small arms and light weapons;

b) “Light weapons” means some man-portable firearms and their ammunition, light artillery guns and rockets, and guided missiles for use against armored vehicles, aircraft, or fortifications.

Votes For: 11,239
Votes Against: 4,287

Implemented: Wed May 12 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #62: Female Genital Mutilation[]

The General Assembly,

Observing that female genital mutilation (hereafter 'FGM') is performed ritually in some cultures,

Alarmed by the long-term effects of FGM, including prolonged pain and increased risk of death during childbirth,

Deeply disturbed that many women are subjected to FGM against their will,

Recognising that when dealing with other cultures, legislation leads to confrontation, whilst education leads to willing change,

1. Condemns the practice of FGM;

2. Calls upon States to fund programmes educating citizens about the dangers of FGM;

3. Urges States to avoid using the alternative phrase 'female circumcision', as this leads to comparison with the safe male circumcision.

Votes For: 14,778
Votes Against: 1,360

Implemented: Wed Jun 16 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #63: Freedom of Press[]

CONVINCED that the freedom of press is a vital part of every nation's fundamental right of expression and a vital part of every human's right to the truth and knowledge of one's given country and one's perception of other countries. Freedom of press allows objective members of society to highlight the good and the bad of a given nation and to allow for members of that nation and members not of that nation to see an unbiased account of the current state of a given country.

DEEPLY DISTURBED by the quality of information on the state of the union in every member nation is widely disregarded to ignorance by the world because of lack of knowledge. Freedom of the press gives precedence to expanding the knowledge base of the current state of member and non-member nations alike.

CONDEMNING the misinformation of governments to the world that wish not to share the everyday occurrences in a given country through strict control of what can and cannot be reported by all forms of the press.

1. APPEALS to all member nations to enact legislature to allow immediate freedom of the press within their borders.

2. URGES all member nations to send the press to neighboring countries, far away countries, and even to areas of combat to bring back the full story to its citizens.

3. RECOMMENDS all members promote and expand the reaches of press within their given countries so that all citizens have some access to the news.

4. SUPPORTS all member nations in an effort to expand their news capabilities with needed funds, government assistance, and trade agreements to conform to the new standards of freedom of press.

Votes For: 12,882
Votes Against: 3,446

Implemented: Mon Jun 21 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #64: Tracking Near Earth Objects[]

The General Assembly,

AWARE that existing international, national, and non-governmental research in the space sciences are continuously identifying Near Earth Objects (NEOs) including many asteroids and comets which have the potential to one day collide with the Earth,

OBSERVING that some of these space sciences programs are not specifically charged with identification and characterization of the hazards posed by NEOs,

RECOGNIZING that the risk of a NEO impact is shared by all nations on Earth, and thus is of international concern,

TAKING NOTE of the "Report of the Task Force on potentially hazardous Near Earth Objects",

NOTHING WITH APPROVAL the Planetary Defense Conference, held February 23-26, 2004,

CONCERNED that the funding of current space sciences projects and conferences is fairly limited,

BEARING IN MIND that adequate warning time is a requirement for any space or terrestrial based response, ranging from mass evacuation to impact avoidance,

NOTING WITH CONCERN that few formal management plans for dealing with potential impacts exist,

APPROVING of the use of hazard assessment scales, such as the Torino Impact Scale, as a means of weighing the risk of impact with the consequences of an impact,

1. ENCOURAGES all nations, United Nations members and non-members, to share any information on the trajectories of any Near Earth Objects (NEOs);

2. FURTHER ENCOURAGES United Nations members to seek agreements with non-member states to share any information related to NEOs;

3. EXPRESSES ITS HOPE that nations will continue to identify and characterize the hazard associated with potential NEO impacts;

4. SOLEMNLY AFFIRMS the continuation of pre-existing international, national, and non-governmental research in the space sciences (which are considered to be included in military budgets for the purposes of NationStates); and

5. RECOMMENDS that international, national, and non-governmental space science research groups continue to research and develop possible contingency plans should an impact be likely.

Votes For: 12,351
Votes Against: 3,273

Implemented: Mon Jul 5 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #65: Refugee Protection Act[]

The United Nations,

NOTING the unfortunate frequency of armed conflict in our world,

NOTING ALSO that the cost of such conflict is not limited to lives lost, but includes also the destruction of homes and property, resulting in frequent displacement of native populations,

DEPLORING the rapidly increasing number of humans living their lives in inadequate refugee camps,

RECOGNIZING the need of these displaced non-combatants to continue living their lives as they see fit,

RECOGNIZING ALSO the need for increased humanitarian aid in the above outlined situation,

ACTING in accordance with the United Nations Charter,

1. REMINDS all member nations of our leadership role in the world and our according responsibilities;

2. FULLY ACCEPTS responsibility for the well-being of non-combatant refugees displaced from their homes during time of war;

3. STRONGLY ENCOURAGES all member nations to allow these non-combatant refugees safe passage through the individual nation if requested by the non-combatant refugee(s), regardless of the refugee's race, ethnicity, nation of origin, or religion;

4. CALLS UPON all member nations to allow these non-combatant refugees citizenship rights, so long as the non-combatant refugee(s) are able to meet the immigration requirements otherwise called for by the individual member nation, if requested by the non-combatant refugee(s), regardless of the refugee's race, ethnicity, nation of origin, or religion.

Votes For: 10,174
Votes Against: 5,009

Implemented: Sat Jul 10 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #66: Illegal Logging[]

Protected woodland is being destroyed by illegal loggers and this wood is being sold around the world for use by companies hoping to cut costs at the expense of the enviroment.

The following rules would help to stop illegal trade.

1. The formation of a World Woodland Protection Team, aka WWP.

2. A world reconised certificate of legal logging, given to companies approved by the WWP.

3. Annual and random checks on companies by the WWP, to check that companies are logging legally.

4. A world recongised stamp of approval on all products made using WWP certified wood.

5. Heavy fines and on any company using none WWP certified wood.

6. Revoking of trade licences for repeat offenders.

Votes For: 10,608
Votes Against: 4,917

Implemented: Sun Jul 18 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #67: Needle Sharing Prevention[]

The NationStates United Nations,

OBSERVING the continued health risk posed by injecting drug use (IDU), as reported by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in its June 25, 2004 report titled, "World Drug Report 2004";

AWARE that it is common for injecting drug users to share their needles, in a practice that is commonly referred to as "needle sharing";

TAKING NOTE of the United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) report "2004 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic", dated July 6, 2004;

CALLING ATTENTION to the fact that the UNAIDS report states that the "HIV epidemic remains largely concentrated among injecting drug users, men who have sex with men, sex workers, clients of sex workers, and their immediate sexual partners";

BEARING IN MIND that the UNAIDS report also found that in many regions of the world that 60% of injecting drug users are infected with HIV;

ALSO AWARE that due to the illegal status of most injecting drugs in many nations, that injecting drug users, like many other people living with HIV/AIDS and high risk groups, are less able to participate in prevention and treatment programs;

CONCERNED by the UNAIDS estimate that "AIDS is intensifying chronic food shortages in many countries where large numbers of people are already undernourished" due in part to the fact that people living with HIV/AIDS account for large portions of the agricultural work force;

ACKNOWLEGDING that while the best prevention and treatment programs are tailor designed to the individual cultures and societies to which they seek to help, that the scope of the AIDS Epidemic is global in nature;

NOTING the success of reducing HIV/AIDS (as well as other diseases such as Hepatitis B and C) through domestic, local, and non-governmental based needle and syringe exchange programs; [1], [2]

OBSERVING reports that needle and syringe exchange programs do not increase IDU, but instead have resulted in decreases in the number of injections per day; [3]

1. AFFIRMS the basic human right for all people, including injection drug users, to equal access to HIV/AIDS based prevention and treatment programs;

2. ENCOURAGES all nations to review existing free needle and syringe exchange programs and to consider adopting trial or study level needle and syringe exchange programs tailor suited to the cultural and society in which the program will be applied;

3.STRESSES that for IDU HIV/AIDS prevention programs to be successful, that the individuals that organize or participate in these programs shall not be subject to arrest or harassment, nor shall participation in these programs imply drug use;

4. COMMENDS existing national, local, and non-governmental needle and syringe exchange programs; and

5. REQUESTS that existing needle sharing prevention programs share the findings of their studies with other national, local, and non-governmental organizations interested in developing their own needle and syringe exchange programs.


NOTES:

[1] Australian National Council on AIDS, Hepatitis C, and Related Diseases for a real-world example.

[2] "Seattle and King County Needle Exchange Program" is another real-world example that these programs are cost effective and save money and lives.

[3] 1998 University of California San Francisco study titled: "Does HIV Needle Exchange Work?"

Votes For: 11,654 Votes Against: 2,876

Implemented: Fri Jul 23 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #68: Ban Trafficking in Persons[]

It is becoming increasingly common that women are sold as sex slaves on the black market. Often the women, who come from less fortunate countries, are lured to more developed countries by people who promise them a better life there. Instead, upon the women's arrival to their new countries, these people deprive the them of their freedom and sell them as sex slaves. This is known as trafficking.

'Trafficking in persons' shall mean the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.

I hereby urge the UN to take action. Decriminalize the women in prostitution but criminalize both the men who illegally buy women and children against their will, and anyone who promotes sexual exploitation, particularly pimps, procurers and traffickers.

Votes For: 12,501
Votes Against: 2,785

Implemented: Sun Aug 1 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #69: The Sexes Rights Law[]

The United Nations notes with much sorrow the precedent in both distant and recent history, as well as contemporary times, where cultures dominated by one or more sexes infringe upon the rights of one or more other sexes. The following document is intended to both relieve and resolve much of these discriminative actions, not for one sex, but for all, acting in the interests of promoting equality in all society and eliminating gender bias from said society at large.
The United Nations :
Is Deeply Disturbed By : The possibility or action of the with-holding of citizenship and ethnicity-recognition based on the sex of a individual or collective of other-ethnic origins or of origin within the borders of a nation state.
Does Formally Recognise and Declare : That the rights of all sexes in society are equal, excepting only in the conditions below and that this equality must be preserved in the interests of the social and community rights of all citizens of Nation States United Nation member states.
Thus the Nation States United Nations :
Re-affirms and Re-states : Article 4 of The Universal Bill of Rights, implemented by the Nation States United Nations on Fri Aug 8 2003.
Re-affirms and Re-states : Gay Rights, implemented by the Nation States United Nations on Sat May 3 2003.
RESOLVES :
1. The Nation States United Nations does here-by greatly encourage each member state to establish a minimum of one centre for each sex in their borders, in which people of the sex of the respective designated centre could seek shelter, medical care, and counselling for both themselves and their children or other dependants if they should find themselves without a home or shelter or reasonable support or care, due to any sexually motivated violence or discrimination from the home or work-place, or from such violence or lack of care stemming from society at large. These centres must be sensitive and cater to the needs of intersex people.
2. The Nation States United Nations calls upon all employers within member-states to abide by the following regulations :
a) Equal wages for all sexes.
b) Equal benefits for all sexes.
The above conditions are recommendations applicable within reason in that they are open to interpretation by a member states legal system in regards to each individual case, under the condition that the legal system must act in an un-biased fashion in regard to these cases.
3. The Nation States United Nations does applaud and protect the actions of any charity based organisation that is dedicated to furthering the education of any and all sexes in countries where one or more sex may not given an equal chance at attaining an education in a society.
4. Said protection in clause 3 is to be considered symbolistic in nature, and this protection of said charity organisations is conditional in that they may only provide opportunity for equality, they may not raise one sex or sexes above another or others. Such would be contrary to the spirit of the legislation and is not encouraged.
5. The Nation States United Nations recognises that gender is not just a physical manifestation but also a mental manifestation, and recognises that people of self proclaimed gender are also equally protected by the regulations and recommendations bound here in.

Votes For: 10,604
Votes Against: 3,942

Implemented: Sun Aug 15 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #71: Sustainable Energy Sources[]

The General Assembly,

Deeply conscious of the gradual degradation of the world’s biosphere,

Observing that a major cause of environmental pollution is the use of fossil fuels in power stations,

Further observing that 80% of the world’s energy is derived from fossil fuels,

Convinced that economic growth is not necessarily linked with a rise in levels of pollution,

Aware of opposition to wind farms due to environmental and aesthetic concerns,

Noting the mercurial effect of the petroleum trade on the world economy and interests of member states,

1. Calls upon all member states, particularly More Economically Developed Countries (MEDCs), to fully address the issue of sustainable energy production; a minimum 2% increase in world usage over the next five years;

2. Recommends that a greater proportion of energy is derived from wind and wave power plants, including offshore wind platforms;

3. Calls upon governments to encourage the development of technology enabling the widespread use of solar power, in the form of affordable solar panels for individual dwellings and larger power plants in areas receiving high quantities of sunlight;

4. Endorses all current programs in member states increasing the percentage of energy derived from renewable sources;

5. Expresses its hope that other member states will be inspired by these examples;

6. Proclaims that steps towards a greater use of sustainable energy sources will be beneficial to the world’s environment and political relationships;

7. Requests a program of target reviews to be undertaken by this committee at the earliest opportunity.

Votes For: 12,730
Votes Against: 3,611

Implemented: Tue Aug 31 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #72: Reduction of greenhouse gases[]

Acknowledging climate change and its adverse effects are a common concern of humankind,

Concerned that human activities have been increasing the atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases due to fossil fuel use, that these increases enhance the natural greenhouse effect, and that this will result in an additional warming of the Earth's surface, adversely affecting natural ecosystems,

Acknowledging that the global nature of climate change calls for the widest possible cooperation by all nations in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities and their social and economic conditions,

Recognizing that all Nations, especially developing nations, need access to resources required to achieve sustainable social and economic development and that, in order for developing countries to progress towards that goal, their energy consumption needs to grow,

Accordingly, delegates of the United nations have agreed as follows:

ARTICLE 1
1. The objective of this resolution is to reduce greenhouse gas concentrations by implementing a 10% decrease in fossil fuels over the next ten years,so that gradual adaptation is possible. This will ensure that food production and economic development is not threatened.

2. In their actions to achieve the objective of the United Nations and to implement its provisions, all Nations shall be guided by the following:

ARTICLE 2
1.All Nations should protect the climate system for the benefit of present and future generations, on the basis of equity and in accordance with their common but differentiated responsibilities and capabilities.

2.Nations should cooperate to promote an open international system that leads to sustainable economic growth and development in all Nations, particularly developing Nations.

ARTICLE 3
All Nations, taking into account their commonalities and differences,shall;

1. Promote and cooperate in the development, application and diffusion of technologies, practices and processes that control, reduce or prevent emissions of fossil fuels;

2.Promote and cooperate in the full exchange of information related to climate change.

Each of these Nations shall :

1.Review its own policies which encourage activities that lead to greater levels of fossil fuel emissions;

2.Developed Nations shall take all practicable steps to promote and finance the transfer of, or access to, environmentally sound technologies to other Nations, particularly developing Nations, to enable them to implement the provisions of the U.N.

ARTICLE 3
In carrying out their commitments under the previous articles, Nations shall:

1.Support world efforts to strengthen scientific capacities, particularly in developing countries, and to promote the exchange of data and analyses obtained from areas beyond national jurisdiction; and

2.Cooperate in the exchange of material on climate change, development of national institutions and the exchange of personnel to train experts in this field.

Votes For: 10,968
Votes Against: 3,984

Implemented: Sun Sep 5 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #73: Habeas Corpus[]

Habeas Corpus; by the passing of this resolution instituting the legal principle of Habeas Corpus by the voting members, Habeas Corpus will thus be affirmed by the United Nations as a set and irrefutable legal principle to which all member nations and all associated internal agencies are subject.

Recognising that Habeas Corpus is a founding principle of law in many nations, the UN formally adopts Habeas Corpus across all member states.

To clearly define Habeas Corpus:

Habeas Corpus is the legal principle that gives a person the right to not be held without charge. A charge must be filed with the judicial authorities of the country in which the suspected crime is committed within 48 hours of the person being held by police, or any other body charged with the upholding of the nation's laws. This period does not apply to any time when the judicial authorities are not active, such as weekends or national holidays. Habeas Corpus also declares accordingly that once a charge is filed, then the person should be treated as per the Definition of Fair Trial resolution.

Further noting,

If the captured or detained person is a prisoner of war or is captured or detained in an area of military conflict by forces of whom may be recognised as the opposition, then the previously recognised and enforced Wolfish Convention on PoWs and not Habeas Corpus shall apply to his or her treatment. Furthermore, be it hereby resolved that any person who is not detained as a prisoner of war is entitled to Habeas Corpus.

Votes For: 12,550
Votes Against: 3,377

Implemented: Fri Sep 10 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #75: The Nuclear Terrorism Act[]

The General Assembly of the United Nations,

RECOGNIZING the danger of terrorists (or other malignant, independent organizations) acquiring nuclear weapons and technologies,

NOTING the responsibility of nations to monitor and manage their nuclear weapons and technologies,

AFFIRMING the UN's role as example to the world,

1. PROHIBITS the sale or transfer of nuclear arms, devices, or technologies to known or suspected terrorist organizations;

2. DISCOURAGES STRONGLY the sale or transfer of nuclear arms or technology to any extra-national organization;

3. CAUTIONS AGAINST the proliferation of arms or technologies to irresponsible nations;

4. CALLS UPON UN member nations to maintain adequate security over and records of nuclear arms and technology;

5. IDENTIFIES WITH and ENDORSES positive and responsible nuclear weapons practices everywhere.

Votes For: 12,555
Votes Against: 3,346

Implemented: Sat Oct 2 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #76: Good Samaritan Laws[]

The NationStates United Nations,

RECALLING its resolution, the IRCO, adopted Sep. 1, 2003, which established the voluntary funded International Red Cross Organization (IRCO) for United Nations members in order to be “the first response team to natural disasters, terrorist attacks, and any other events which threaten the lives of citizens”;

OBSERVING that in addition to medical and law enforcement personnel, that these first response teams include technical and engineering professionals who in many non-emergency situations may be highly regulated by domestic liability laws;

CONCERNED that international disaster assistance programs like the IRCO as well as volunteer disaster assistance teams sent by other nations are limited in their effectiveness to quickly respond to disasters and emergency situations due to the lack of pre-existing disaster assistance arrangements, such as arrangements concerning the liabilities associated with volunteer response and recovery teams carrying out emergency aid;

1. AFFIRMS the right of nations responding to offers of disaster assistance to decide which offers to accept and which offers to refuse;

2. PROCLAIMS that nations responding to offers of disaster assistance also have the right to refuse assistance from specific individuals and / or types of aid;

3. CALLS UPON all nations to develop domestic “Good Samaritan” laws granting volunteer based first responder teams, including technical and engineering professionals, some immunity to civil liability associated with work and professional judgments made while rendering disaster assistance provided that they do not act with reckless or intentional disregard of known dangers; and

4. DECLARES that the immunity to liability associated with rendering aid applies only to work associated in disaster or emergency assistance, and that all other normal domestic laws should apply to these individuals.

Votes For: 10,303
Votes Against: 3,990

Implemented: Fri Oct 8 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #77: Epidemic Prevention Protocol[]

Globalization, international trade and advanced transportation systems accelerate the spreading pace of contagious diseases and make every nation vulnerable. We need a solution to this problem :
Contagious Disease Epidemic Prevention Protocol

1. Every Nation is obliged to inform international community of every epidemic outbreak and to use all prudent medical means to isolate it.

2. International Red Cross Organization (IRCO) would be utilized to offer assistance to any Nation hit by contagious disease outbreak (recipient). The IRCO will manage donation and its distribution to recipient upon request of the recipient. IRCO will cooperates closely with Health Ministries of its members.

3. a)Every Nation has the right to quarantine any inbound passenger and potential-pathogen-carrier-cargo from Nation which is hit by the outbreak.
b) Every Nation has the right to ban import of food- and medical-product which is suspected to be a potential-pathogen-carrier from Nation which is hit by the outbreak.

Acknowledging that both actions are notably well within the Nation sovereignity.
Every Nation which is hit by epidemic outbreak and therefore affected by above mentioned actions is urged not to retaliate those actions.

4. Any person who, on behalf of the IRCO, renders medical care or assistance without the expectation of receiving compensation for such service, shall not be liable in civil damages for any act or omission, not constituting gross negligence, in the course of such care or assistance.

Explanation :
1.Definition of Epidemic :
affecting or tending to affect a disproportionately large number of individuals within a population, community, or region at the same time
2. Statement of Sovereignity Assurance:
This Protocol is humanitarian in nature. Sovereignity of each UN Member is guaranteed.
3. Animal to Human Contagious Disease:
If contagious disease suffered by animal can be spread to human and there is proven case that human have been infected, the nation should refer to point 1 of the protocol.
4. Recommended method for (humanitarian) donation :
First step : consult the recipient nation whether it would accept the offer
Second step : consult the recipient regarding the type of the aid
Third step : consult the recipient regarding the method to deliver the aid
Fourth step : If agreement reached of all of the previous steps , conduct the aid

Type of donations:
a) Financial aid
b) Medicament and Food should be sent by civil transportation means. In the case that there is an option to use military transportation means, the recipient should be consulted. If it is agreed upon, the donor can send them.
c) Medical Training ( in case of military medical personals read point b)
d) Medical Personals (in case of military medical personals read point b)
e) Scientific cooperation; Technology transfer

Votes For: 12,093
Votes Against: 2,458

Implemented: Wed Oct 13 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #78: Repeal "Fight the Axis of Evil"[]

UN Resolution #1: Fight the Axis of Evil (Category: International Security; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: While there is much fear surrounding the issue of global terrorism, the answer is most definitely not for UN members to build massive numbers of weapons.

Four reasons:

Member nations should not be forced to have a large military budget, especially when so many are struggling to pay for domestic costs like healthcare and education.

The "Axis of Evil" could be use to label any country as an excuse for other countries to invade.

Terrorist organizations are just that, organizations, not armies, and therefore large forces are not necessary to eliminate them.

Finally, massive mobilization of troops and building of weapons only serves to bring about fear in the minds of the people.

The best way to combat global terrorism is through intelligence; perhaps a new resolution regarding this should be brought to the floor.

Votes For: 13,343
Votes Against: 2,722

Implemented: Sat Oct 23 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #79: Reformed Literacy Initiative[]

The United Nations

RECALLS “UN Educational Committee” implemented April 9th, 2004 and “Free Education” implemented August 9th, 2003;

NOTES the paramount importance of literacy and communication skills for nations’ citizens in learning improving and bettering their lives;

IDENTIFIES member nations as responsible for the literacy and education of their respective citizens;

DECLARES, as a right for all, the opportunity to learn how to read and write in the official language(s) of a nation and extend this right to all citizens with in member nations;

ENACTS the following to ensure this right be maintained:

1.Literacy, and the attainment thereof, is established as the critical priority in the secular education granted by member nations, in accordance with “free education”, to its citizens;

2.Member nations are to take measures to increase both the skills of teachers of young children and the profitability of careers in teaching: such has tax cuts for educators, grants for teaching organizations, and loans to aspiring or studying teachers;

3.Children with a deficiency in literacy of any kind have at their disposal increased efforts and attention (with respect to a non-deficient child) of well-trained educators, proportional to the severity of the deficiency;

4.Education in literacy and in the norms of communication (an expanding vocabulary, syntax, writing conventions) of the official language(s) shall begin with the earliest stage of secular schooling granted by a member nation possible, and shall continue to be a substantial factor in students’ education throughout their education;

5.Adults who lack the ability to read and write (or are verifiably deficient at reading and writing) are given the opportunity to become literate (or more “adequately” literate) without fee or stipulation;

ENCOURAGES member nations to enact progressive reforms in their respective education systems, beyond the measures above, to enhance the general quality of education and the number of students who are successfully taught to read and write in the official language(s) of that member nation;

ENOURAGES EQUALLY non-governmental groups who, through charitable funds and donations and local literacy initiatives, also work to spread literacy amongst nations around the world;

SUPPORTS, through the good faith of member nations, the aspirations of member nations to increase literacy, and RESPECTS the right of nations to adapt small portions or this legislation to more appropriately apply to their individual literacy situations.

Votes For: 11,585
Votes Against: 3,294

Implemented: Tue Nov 2 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #82: Stem Cell Research Funding[]

The use of Stem Cells is an amazing new breakthrough in the fields of science and medicine. Scientists know that these cells, harvested from human embryos, could eradicate many diseases, including Cancer, Type 1 Diabetes, Parkinson's, and Alzheimer's. But while the list of diseases that Stem Cells could cure gets longer and longer, the amount of what little funding is present continues to dwindle. I admit, some people do insist that harvesting something from a human as if it was an experiment is immoral, but allowing millions of people to die each day is much worse. This is the best chance we have at beating these diseases. The one thing standing in the way of this is funding. Stem Cell Research is very costly, and without proper funding, this plane will never take off the ground. In this proposal, I ask that funding be provided to the scientists of all UN member nations, if they so desire to research Stem Cells and their benefits. I urge my fellow UN members to stand up to these diseases, and fund Stem Cell Research.

Votes For: 13,907
Votes Against: 5,231

Implemented: Tue Nov 30 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #83: The Eon Convention on Genocide[]

The UN does hereby state that :-
The genocide is a heinous crime, and should be treated as a crime against all people.
It is a crime that exceeds the jurisdiction of any one nation.
Those who commit genocide should be brought to justice by the international community.

Article 1:Definition And Limits

§1. Genocide is defined as the systematic and deliberate extermination of a society, or part of a society, based on arbitrary criteria (such as skin colour, genetic conditions or religion). Those covered by this resolution are those protected by The UBR.
§2. Extermination includes, but is not limited to:- murder, torture, enslavement, rape, forced pregnancy and familial separation.
§3. Genocide is committed or instigated by the state, or by groups acting on behalf of the state. Should there be a claim for a private group being responsible for genocide, this can also be brought before TPP (to be described later) to confirm the validity of the claim.
§4. Genocide has no statute of limitations.
§5. If Genocide is used in self-defence, it is still considered genocide, and will be brought to TPP to confirm the validity of the action.

Article 2:The Pretenama Panel (TPP)

§1. TPP is a body that can be instituted by the UN when it requires it. It is not a standing panel, but one that is created when the UN requires its services. More than one TPP can be operational at the same time.
§2. TPP is made up of representatives from fifteen UN member nations. These representatives must be diplomats, or lawyers. Each nation can supply only two members to TPP. No nation can serve on more than one TPP at the same time. The members of TPP can be challenged by those accused as well as the accusers, as the independence of TPP is paramount.
§3. TPP is granted all the powers it requires to investigate Genocide and try people for the crime. It will have the powers to demand the extradition of suspects, witnesses and other people connected with the crime they are investigating. If the extradition is challenged TPP must show proof of the requirement. This power can only extend to the extradition from UN member nations.
§4. TPP will meet in a location decided by its members. The nation hosting TPP will be required to provide adequate security.

Article 3:Investigation and Intervention

§1. Member Nations are required to submit to an investigation ordered by TPP instituted by an accusation of Genocide. If no evidence is found, TPP is disbanded. If evidence is found, TPP can take in to custody those suspected to be responsible.
§2. Nations may not invade other nations based on this convention.

Article 4:Legal Proceedings

§1. TPP will be the legal authority that brings those accused of genocide to justice. It will act in accordance with UN Resolutions.
§2. TPP will sentence those convicted, within current UN resolutions. TPP can not sentence people to death.
§3. Those acquitted are free to go, and may not be tried for the crime by national states. However a person acquitted of Genocide can be retried by TPP should new evidence come to light.
§4. TPP will choose where the sentence should be served, on the condition that the prisoner(s) will be held in accordance with The Wolfish Convention.
§5. Once a prisoner has discharged their sentence, they will be free to go. However, in the interests of international security, the said prisoner will be forbidden from holding public office in any UN Member Nation from then on.

Votes For: 15,001
Votes Against: 3,139

Implemented: Tue Dec 7 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #84: NS HIV AIDS Act[]

DECLARING that the level of HIV and AIDS infection across the world has grown to the point whereas it demands immediate action;

DEEPLY DISTURBED over the lack of attention given to the problem;

NOTING FURTHER the NationStates United Nations obligation to enhance the quality of life for the citizens of its member nations;

RECOGNIZING the advances made by the United Nations Resolution #32 "Global AIDS Initiative", as well as its limitations;

BELIEVING that through a series of early diagnosis measures, medical accessibility and education, and further research the world could advance far in eliminating the HIV and AIDS viruses;

REQUESTS the following steps be taken to curb the proliferation of this deadly ailment:
i. Expansion of the United Nations Council on AIDS (UNAIDS), allocating it sufficient and adequate budget to hire staff and management, purchase top-grade equipment and finance international operations.
ii. Expansion of the United Nations Council on AIDS (UNAIDS) mission offices to all member states of the United Nations. This project would be slotted to finish after ten yearly budget cycles and the funds will be drawn from that budget to finance it.
iii. Establishment of Know HIV/AIDS program, which will operate internationally as a media outlet for education and prevention of the virus through on-air public service messages and outdoor advertisements, television and radio programming, and free print and online content.
iv. Creation of Think HIV/AIDS program that will use a large portion of the funds to explore the following possibilities: (1) nanotechnology and biomedical developments may allow a designer virus and/or micro machine and/or bacterium to safely course through the body and destroy the virus; (2) development of alternatives to blood transfusion – an operation that has helped to spread the virus – including blood substitutes, volume expanders, or new growth factors. These possibilities are to be given priority but in no way restrict nations from expanding their research into other areas of possible cure and/or vaccine and/or treatment.
v. Establishment of public health departments, a Treat HIV/AIDS program, in developing and poor nations, with the ability to deploy the educational and research programs aforementioned, to be overseen by the IRCO until such time as sufficient and adequate budget and manpower exists to maintain the programs domestically.
vi. Creation of Eliminate HIV/AIDS program throughout member states that implore the uses of education in schools and hospitals, including seminars for children “coming of age” about the dangers of HIV and AIDS and instructions on how to protect themselves with the most current and efficient methods available in the world.

TAKING INTO ACCOUNT United Nations resolution #42, "Increased Access to Medicine”, a large portion of the funds from the “Eliminate HIV/AIDS" program will be used to teach citizens of the member states who are already infected with HIV or AIDS how to remain in compliance with their medication and therapy regimens, and to teach citizens who are not infected how to avoid coming into contact with the virus;

RECOMMENDS that all member states will adopt a law that punishes those citizens knowledgably infected with the virus that transmit it to other citizens;

DECLARES ACCORDINGLY that all member nations report full statistics of HIV and AIDS infection to the United Nations Council on AIDS (UNAIDS).

Votes For: 12,476
Votes Against: 2,279

Implemented: Tue Dec 28 2004

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #87: Repeal "Legalize prostitution"[]

UN Resolution #46: Legalize prostitution (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

RECOGNIZING as a precedent of the UN to uphold health and safety as public rights,

BEARING responsibility to encourage healthy practices in member nations and discourage unhealthy practices,

REVIEWING the possible increased public health risk from encouraging prostitution in member nations,

DETERMINING it a member nation’s right to allow or disallow prostitution independently, based upon that member nation’s independent medical need and standing;

REPEALS “Legalize Prostitution”, implemented February 2 2004;

HONORS the following passed resolutions, in their efforts to bring about a healthier, more disease-free world: “Keep the world disease free!”, implemented April 14 2003; “Required Basic Healthcare”, implemented June 5 2003; “’RBH’ Replacement”, implemented June 26 2003; “The IRCO”, implemented September 1 2003; “Global AIDS Initiative”, implemented October 18 2003; “No Embargoes on Medicine”, implemented October 24 2003; “Increased Access to Medicine”, implemented December 28 2003; “World Blood Bank”, implemented April 14 2004; “Needle Sharing Prevention”, implemented July 23 2004; “Epidemic Prevention Protocol”, implemented October 13 2004; “Stem Cell Research Funding”, implemented Novermber 30 2004; and “NS HIV AIDS Act” implemented December 28 2004;

Votes For: 10,373
Votes Against: 9,022

Implemented: Wed Jan 12 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #88: Fairness and Equality[]

Proposal for a U.N. Resolution regarding the Fair and Equal Exercise of Powers exercised by the United Nations.

Fair Administration and Non Discrimination

In the exercise of any power, the United Nations, and every agency, organization and officer thereof, acting on the behalf thereof, or acting with the authority thereof, shall fairly, evenly, and appropriately exercise such power when interacting with any person or government, without regard to the race, ethnicity, gender, of any person or any political consideration (including, but not limited to, the outcome of any conflict, or the ideology of any government).

Practical Limitations Recognized

The United Nations, and every agency, organization and officer thereof, acting on the behalf thereof, or acting with the authority thereof, shall not pursue any investigation, prosecution, or otherwise exercise any power unless there exists a sufficient factual basis and a good faith motive on the part of the actor(s) exercising such power.

Votes For: 12,293
Votes Against: 6,268

Implemented: Mon Jan 17 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #89: Rights of indigenous peoples[]

Determined that the UN has a role to play in promoting the rights of indigenous peoples

Affirming that indigenous peoples are equal in rights to all peoples, recognizing the rights of all peoples to be different, to be free from discrimination

Concerned indigenous peoples have been deprived of human rights & fundamental freedoms

Recognizing the need to respect & promote the rights of indigenous peoples, notably the rights to territories & resources, which stem from political, economic & social structures

Recognizing that indigenous peoples have the right to determine relationships with States in a spirit of coexistence & respect

Proclaims the following:

§1 Defines Indigenous peoples as the descendants of the peoples who inhabited the present territory of a state wholly or partially at the time when persons of a different culture or ethnic origin arrived from other parts of the world, overcame & reduced them to a non-dominant or colonial situation; who now live more in conformity with their social, economic and cultural customs & traditions than with the institutions of the country of which they now form a part, under State structure which incorporates the national, social & cultural characteristics of other segments of the majority population

§2 Indigenous peoples are free & equal to other peoples in dignity & rights, have the right to be free from discrimination

§3 Indigenous peoples have the right to maintain & strengthen their economic, social & cultural characteristics, while retaining the right to take part in the political, fiscal, social & cultural life of the State

§4 Indigenous peoples have the collective right to live in freedom, peace & security as distinct peoples and to guarantees against genocide & acts of violence, including the removal of minors from families & communities under any pretext

§5 Indigenous peoples have the right to maintain & develop their distinct identities & characteristics, including the right to be identified as indigenous and to be known as such

§6 Indigenous peoples shall not be forced from their lands or territories, no relocation shall occur without free & informed consent of the indigenous peoples and agreement on just & fair recompense

§7 Indigenous peoples have the right to protection & safety in times of conflict

§8 Indigenous peoples have the right to practice cultural traditions & customs, the right to maintain, protect & develop the past, present & future expression of their cultures, such as archaeological & historical sites, designs, ceremonies & technologies

§9 Indigenous peoples have the right to revitalize, use & develop histories, languages, traditions, philosophies, writing systems & literatures, to designate and retain their own names for places & persons

§10 Indigenous children have the right to all levels & forums of education, and if desired, educational institutions should develop curriculum suitable to the needs & consistent with their culture

§11 Indigenous peoples have the right to have the dignity & diversity of cultures, traditions & aspirations shown in education & public information

§12 Indigenous peoples divided by national borders, have the right to maintain & develop cross border relations & cooperation, for spiritual, cultural, economic and social purposes

§13 States shall take effective steps, in discussion with indigenous peoples concerned, to give effect to this Resolution

Votes For: 12,699
Votes Against: 5,088

Implemented: Sat Jan 22 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #90: Tsunami Warning System[]

The NationStates United Nations,


DEEPLY REGRETTING the scale of the loss of life and property due to tsunamis;

AWARE that the some of causes of tsunamis include earthquakes, volcanic activity, landslides, and celestial impacts, but that the primary danger associated with a tsunami is related to the displacement of water (i.e. waves);

NOTING that these disasters can impact multiple nations at the same time;

EMPHASIZING that the citizens from non-coastal communities may be at risk while on vacation or business in coastal communities;

CONVINCED that by pooling resources to detect potential tsunamis, issuing warnings to the areas likely to be impacted, coordinating international aid efforts, and sharing research related to tsunamis, that nations can better prepare for these disasters;

1. ESTABLISHES a United Nations sponsored and funded Tsunami Emergency Warning Center (TEWC), to be staffed by a team of technical experts who can collect and monitor seismic and stage data in order to study the physics related to tsunamis in different locations, identify possible threats to populated areas, and issue warnings in the event of such a threat;

2. REQUESTS member nations to forward seismic data already being collected to the TEWC to aid in its research and monitoring program;

3. SUGGESTS that governments that do not have seismic networks work with the TEWC and other nations in order to enhance existing seismic monitoring and planetary and oceanography programs (which can be considered linked to police and emergency response budgets for the purposes of NationStates);

4. AUTHORIZES the TEWC to establish a network of land-based and deep ocean buoys and sensors to monitor changes in the water surface across the network, in order to confirm possible tsunamis created by earthquakes or volcanic activity as well as to observe and identify tsunamis created by other physical processes that are undetected by seismic waves (such as landslides or large scale impacts);

5. DIRECTS the TEWC to develop a standardized tsunami warning protocol that can be used in member nations that can be easily recognized by citizens and travelers;

6. MANDATES that the TEWC transmit advisory warnings to member nations based on its timely analysis of data collected by both the seismic and water surface monitoring programs;

7. CALLS UPON member nations to provide the TEWC with emergency contact centers that can quickly respond to tsunami warnings issued by the TEWC;

8. REITERATES the need for member nations to develop evacuation and response plans in the event of a tsunami warning by ensuring that adequate emergency response teams and equipment is available to deal with the likely damages associated with a tsunami appropriate for that nation;

9. EXPRESSES ITS HOPE that in the event of a tsunami disaster that nations will continue to offer humanitarian assistance to affected nations; and

10. ASKS that member nations work with the International Red Cross Organization to coordinate international tsunami relief efforts.


Based upon an original proposal by Tejasdom, with subsequent contributions by Mikitivity, Grosseschnauzer, and Groot Gouda.

Votes For: 15,961
Votes Against: 2,678

Implemented: Thu Jan 27 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #93: Repeal "The Global Library"[]

UN Resolution #86: The Global Library (Category: The Furtherment of Democracy; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

OBSERVING the recent passage of resolution 86, The Global Library,

NOTING WITH REGRET the gap between donations acquired and actual cost of building (at first presentation of proposal) 37,376 libraries, one per nation,

REALIZING that holographic technologies are still far from reach in specific nations and expensive to implement, thus delaying the project indefinitely,

AND IN THE INTEREST OF establishing a new Global Library proposal of a practical and efficient nature, hereby

CONDEMNS Resolution 86 on account of poor wording and unprofessional presentation, which reflects ill on U.N. policy as a whole in addition to being ambiguous and therefore easily abused, and

REPEALS the resolution on account of the impossibility of acquiring the funding and technologies needed to begin the project.

Votes For: 12,446
Votes Against: 5,296

Implemented: Sat Feb 19 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #94: Right to Self-Protection[]

NOTICING that there are persons who, individually or collectively, willingly cause harm to other persons.

RECOGNIZING that such persons engage in acts of violence which are harmful to both sovereign individuals and societies.

URGES member nations to enact the following:

1. All persons have the right to use reasonable force to defend their person or their legally obtained property from imminent or current unlawful assaults.

2. All persons have the right to use reasonable force to defend other persons or the legally obtained property of other persons from imminent or current unlawful assaults.

Votes For: 12,458
Votes Against: 4,949

Implemented: Thu Feb 24 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #95: Repeal "Education For All"[]

UN Resolution #3: Education For All (Category: Social Justice; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

RECOGNIZING the merits of "Education For All" and the ideals behind it,

MAINTAINING the principle of free education for youth in member nations,

RECALLING "Free Education" implemented August 19, 2003,

ADMITTING "Education For All" as redundant due to the implementation of "Free Education",

DECLARING itself against waste and bureaucracy:

REPEALS "Education For All", originally implemented January 8, 2003.

Votes For: 9,339
Votes Against: 7,530

Implemented: Tue Mar 1 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #96: UNWODC[]

Given that thousands of sick people die everyday needlessly while waiting for a suitable Donor Organ to become available,

Given that many Nations harvest their peoples organs after death and are left with an oversupply,

Recognising and enhancing the recommendations pertaining to organ donors governed by resolution #55, World Blood Bank,

Recognising and affirming article 4 of Resolution #26, the Universal Bill of Rights, and accepting that the membership of the UNWODC, by any Nation or individual is voluntary,

Extending the role of the International Red Cross / Crescent Organisation (IRCO) as per resolution #29,

Recognising the articles of resolution #49, Rights and duties of UN States,

Calling on the Nations of the UN to increase funding for both governmental and non governmental organisations charged with the implementation and administration of the UNWODC,

Aware that this will not save all the sick and dying people but it will give those who are still young, with everything to live for, a bloody good chance.

On Delegate Approval the UN will set up a World Organ Donor Centre (UNWODC) to centralise and process all the worlds organ needs. This will ensure that if the precious organs needed by sick and dying persons in a Nation where there are a lack of Donor Organs, can be sourced in another Nation. Once ratified by the Delegates and members of the UN a select implementation committee shall be set up and charged with consultation, tendering and resourcing of all materials, experts and tradesmen and implementing the UNWODC.

The UNWODC shall issue Donor Cards to the peoples of all Nations to be signed on a voluntary basis so that on death donors organs can be harvested on finding the card and sent directly, after testing for type and condition, to the suitable patient in need of an organ transplant. In clarification, the UNWODC does not store the organs but directs the source where to ship the available organs and by what method, whilst simultaneously notifying the recipient patient and medical facility to be ready to begin the transplant as soon as the organs are delivered.

Funding for the UNWODC shall be sourced from the coffers of the International Community, By way of increased governmental funding and fund raisers held locally by the IRCO and other relief and charitable organisations.

The IRCO shall administrate the UNWODC, once implemented and make available their vast transport infrastructure. I call on all governments to give access to their territorial lands to the couriers of the UNWODC and assistance if required in delivery to the waiting patients. This will ensure the speedy delivery of the Organs to where they are required, with out delay.

Only healthy organs are to be used, and only for saving lives by way of organ transplant. In no way are the organs be used by peoples influenced by cannibalism, vampirism or any other nefarious use.

The following weightings shall be followed rigidly when deciding which patients are prioritised
1, Closest tissue and blood type match and suitability for transplant,
2, Life expectancy of the patient, those in mortal danger prioritised,
3, Distance and infrastructure resulting in the delivery of transplantable organs,
4, All patients shall be treated equally and no patients shall get priority based on wealth or status.

Don’t let these People down. Don’t condemn them to die from inaction.
Approve and enact the UNWODC.

Votes For: 11,029
Votes Against: 5,911

Implemented: Mon Mar 7 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #97: Universal Library Coalition[]

NOTING previous resolutions passed by the United Nations for the purpose of furthering education worldwide (#28 - Free Education, #54 - UN Educational Committee, #79 - Reformed Literacy Initiative), and also noting resolution #63 - Freedom of the Press,

UNDERSTANDING the limitations of the previous Global Library resolution (#86), which was repealed,

THE UNITED NATIONS - CALLS for the formation of a Universal Library Coalition (ULC). The Universal Library provided by the ULC will be internet-based and may archive any published form of the written word including, but not limited to, fiction and nonfiction books, constitutions and laws from around the world, newspapers, magazines, and professional journals.

ACCEPTS submissions from individual member nations, in accordance with copyright laws. If the work is not in the public domain (as per resolution #60 - Public Domain), it may not be archived unless permission is obtained from the holder of the rights to the work. This individual or group will receive an annual payment in return for allowing wide access to their work.

PLACES the central server for the Universal Library within the United Nations Headquarters. The library will be indexed at minimum by author, title, nation of origin, keywords, and category, such as biography or periodical, as determined by the publisher.

GIVES each UN member nation and non-UN member nation the opportunity to participate and be a member of the ULC. Those that choose to participate will pay an annual fee to have the Universal Library made available to all internet portals within that nation. Member nations may also choose to provide content filters for their citizenry. Each participating nation may build a physical library within their borders, at their own cost. Each participating nation will maintain a backup of their national data archived within the ULC.

CREATES a ULC Executive Committee (ULCEC) consisting of fifteen (15) individuals selected from ULC member nations that are elected every three (3) years and will set annual fees that nations pay to gain access to the global library. The ULCEC will consult with other ULC nations to manage any issues related to the maintenance and operation of the ULC infrastructure that arise.

PROMOTES cultural awareness by permitting the creation of the Universal Literary Exchange Network (ULEN). Any ULC member nation may designate a section of a physical library or museum to house a rotating collection of literary works provided by other ULC nations. In exchange, they will volunteer some works from their own nation to the ULEN for no more than twenty-four (24) months at a time. The ULCEC will arrange for works to be moved from one ULC member nation to another.

DETAILS that the ULC and ULEN will be incorporated as non-profit organizations. The ULC and ULEN will be entirely funded by participating nations. No taxing authority shall be created by the passage of this resolution. Non-members are free to form their own libraries within their own borders and are in no way restricted from sharing information with other nations.

Votes For: 12,249
Votes Against: 4,042

Implemented: Tue Mar 15 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #98: Eradicate Smallpox[]

RECOGNIZING that the United Nations has already acted to limit the spread of contagious disease through such efforts as United Nations Resolutions #9 ("Keep the World Disease Free") and #84 ("NS HIV AIDS Act"), AND

ACKNOWLEDGING that such acts are justified given the difficulty of containing epidemics, even in the face of prophylactic measures such as those authorized by United Nations Resolutions #34 ("No Embargoes on Medicine") and #43 ("Increased Access to Medicine") (among others), AND

OBSERVING that highly virulent diseases are the best source of potential templates for so-called "bioweapons" - weapons whose development and use the United Nations has attempted to limit through such acts as United Nations Resolution #17 ("Elimination of Bio Weapons"), AND FINALLY

REALIZING that no concerted effort has yet been mounted to address one of the world's oldest and deadliest contagions - variola (commonly known as "smallpox") - a disease of considerable danger in its natural form and even greater danger as a bioweapon,

THE UNITED NATIONS

DECLARES ACCORDINGLY that all Member nations shall make a concerted effort to eradicate smallpox within their territory through the use of established disease eradication techniques, such as quarantine and vaccination, AND

FURTHER CALLS UPON all Member nations to increase health care spending accordingly to cover the costs of these measures, AND

ALSO FINALLY RECOMMENDS that all Member nations provide other Member nations a share of this additional spending, in a fashion entirely at their discretion, as long as such assistance would not be detrimental to their own eradication efforts, for the purpose of accelerating the pace at which this disease can be wiped out worldwide.

Votes For: 12,215
Votes Against: 3,377

Implemented: Sat Apr 2 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #99: Discrimination Accord[]

The United Nations,

NOTING the precedent of international law towards greater human rights and equality for all,

RECALLING the sentiments of such documents as “Universal Bill of Rights”, “Definition of Marriage”, “Freedom and Equality”, and “Sexual Freedom” in the separation of governments from discriminatory practices and ideologies,

UPSET by the lack of previous legislation (at the time of this document’s composition) directly prohibiting governments from discriminatory practices,

CITING as a possible cause of such oversight the incorrect interpretation of the “Gay Rights” document, which in practice does virtually nothing to protect citizens’ rights:

RESOLVES upon protecting all persons and groups in member nations from discrimination by their respective member governments;

REQUIRES member governments to fairly and equally apply the following rights of citizens as they are upheld by international and national law:

1. The right to protection under law, especially protection from harassment and violence,

2. The right to participate in government,

3. The right to fair judicial proceedings and law enforcement application especially as guaranteed by international law,

4. Any social dividends paid out to or provided for persons or groups deemed by member national or international government to be in social need (unemployment benefits, health care, etc.), including, but not limited to, those social dividends secured by international law,

5. Any other rights granted citizens of a member government by requirement of international law;

COMMITS to fighting ignorance and prejudice, MANDATING member nations create or allow large-scale education programs of ethnic, racial, and cultural diversity;

ENCOURAGES all nations to work towards eliminating “hate crimes”, or violent, malicious crimes spurned on by a lack of tolerance of cultural, ethnic, racial, or other differences;

URGES regional awareness of cultural, racial, and cultural differences, given the often close ties of a nation’s diversity with its region’s diversity;

CLARIFIES the United Nation’s position by reiterating the following:

§ The UN condemns discrimination by governments, discrimination on the basis of differences in recognized religion, race, sex, sexual orientation, age, language, school of thought, or intelligence.

§ The UN disallows member governments from discriminating the previously described rights (protection under law, participation in government, etc.) based upon such differences.

§ The UN also recognizes the need, at times, for member governments to differentiate upon these difference during extreme security risks or other especial events or conditions, and allows for member governments to differentiate treatment to a reasonable degree (as can be justified by the risk), provided the treatment of all returns to an equal state once the risk or state of extreme condition has passed.

Votes For: 11,035
Votes Against: 6,347

Implemented: Thu Apr 14 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #100: Natural Disaster Act[]

DEEPLY REGRETTING loss of life and material damages as a result of natural disasters such as earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, typhoons, floods, blizzards, etc;

NOTING that these disasters do not stop at national borders;

OBSERVING the Tsunami Emergency Warning Center as instituted by the Tsunami Warning System (Resolution #90);

NOTING that the aforementioned Resolution #90 has limited effect for other natural disasters;

ALSO NOTING that the measures implemented by this resolution can and should be used for further research and development of natural disaster warning systems;

1. DEFINES "natural disaster" as any disaster caused by (physical) geographical, geological or meteorological processes, including but not limited to earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions, typhoons, typhoons, floods, blizzards, etc;

2. ESTABLISHES a Natural Disaster Assessment Organisation (NDAO) which has the following tasks:
a. Conduct research on natural disasters, preventative methods and monitoring systems,
b. Coordinate international cooperation on this field, in scientific research and in practical solutions,
c. Create protocols for warning about possible disasters, evacuation plans and local disaster awareness programmes,
d. Maintain contacts with local authorities and local organisations in order to improve communication of information about possible natural disasters and how to respond to them,
e. Maintain contacts with national governments participating in the NDAO, the Tsunami Warning Center, and the UN;

3. EMPHASIZES that the NDAO is meant primarily for natural disasters with an international impact;

4. REQUESTS that member nations collect and share geological, meteorological and other relevant data with other countries and the NDAO to assist in monitoring, forecasting and researching natural disasters;

5. URGES all nations to establish and fund a National Geological Survey and a National Meteorological Office which can colelct data, contribute to the NDAO as well as work on a national or regional level on the monitoring of potentially dangerous sites and conduct research;

6. EMPHASIZES that technology alone is not enough, but warning and evacuating the population efficiently is just as important, as well as having plans for dealing with a disaster and the rebuilding of the affected region;

7. URGES all nations to contribute financially, organisationally or otherwise to the NDAO;

8. CALLS UPON all nations to provide care and assistance in case of a natural disaster, by themselves or through recognized UN organisations such as the International Red Cross;

The People's Republic of Groot Gouda would like to thank Grosseschnauzer, Mikitivity and the Nederland region for their input.

Votes For: 12,955
Votes Against: 3,094

Implemented: Sun Apr 24 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #101: Right to Learn about Evolution[]

REGRETTING the threat to human rights which is the suppression of learning about evolutionary theory;

AWARE that some of causes of this suppression are political and/or religious based fears that evolution is an alternative to belief in a deity;

NOTING that many religions do not feel threatened by evolutionary theory. Furthermore it is unlikely that God is so malevolent as to plant evidence that our planet is aged 3.5 billion years;

EMPHASIZING the United Nations must collectively discourage the suppression of this grand unifying theme called evolutionary theory. Teachers of the idea should also be free from imprisonment and persecution.

CLARIFIES it is not the intention of this proposal to enforce a curriculum upon nations which have varied cultural and societal tastes. Specifically a nation may decide to not include evolutionary theory in the classroom because a lack of interest by teachers and/or students. This will not be interpreted by the UN as evidence of suppression. Suppression is defined as written laws preventing the teaching of evolutionary theory or punishing those who teach it.

MANDATES a strong symbolical disapproval against any member state that persists to physically imprison / punish teachers or students for engaging in evolutionary studies.

REITERATES the need for member nations to allow students to learn about evolutionary theory;

ASKS member nations work with world leaders to prevent the suppression of evolutionary theory in the classroom.

Votes For: 11,868
Votes Against: 4,536

Implemented: Sun May 8 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #102: Repeal "Required Basic Healthcare"[]

UN Resolution #17: Required Basic Healthcare (Category: Social Justice; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

CALLING TO MIND the passage of “Required Basic Healthcare” from June 5, 2003 and its presumed ‘replacement’, “’RBH’ Replacement” from June 26, 2003,

RECOGNIZING “Required Basic Healthcare” as a valuable reference document, though outdated in its methods of delivery, as conceded by “RBH Replacement”,

RECOGNIZING FURTHER the UN’s decision that “Required Basic Healthcare” not be enforced, as per clause 1 of “’RBH’ Replacement” which states, “[t]he resolution “Required Basic Healthcare” is to be no longer enforced by the UN”,

NOTING the possible confusion to member nations over which resolution to enforce given the lack of the ‘repeal mechanic’ at the time of passage for “Required Basic Healthcare” and “RBH Replacement”,

NOTING FURTHER other older, poorly-worded resolutions or sets of resolutions which came about prior to the ability to repeal and CALLING for repeals to all such resolutions in order to clarify the international law imposed on member nations by the UN,

AIMING to make easily understandable the UN’s enforcement regarding healthcare,

DETERMINING it a clerical and technical necessity to repeal “Required Basic Healthcare”, as well as a required measure to elevate the nature of legislation in the UN:

REPEALS “Required Basic Healthcare”.

Votes For: 12,011
Votes Against: 3,559

Implemented: Fri May 13 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #103: Right to Refuse Extradition[]

ACKNOWLEDGING that capital punishment (the death penalty, execution) is a contentious issue, with many different viewpoints

ACKNOWELDGING ALSO that situations involving international fugitives may be very diplomatically delicate

ENCOURAGING nations to resolve matters of international fugitives through discussion and diplomacy

AFFIRMING that a nation should not be forced to be a party to execution against its will

AFFIRMING ALSO that this resolution shall not affect each nation's sovereign right to allow or ban capital punishment within its own borders

BE IT RESOLVED that UN member nations shall have the AFFIRMED RIGHT to refuse, if they so desire, extradition (deportation) of international fugitives to any UN member nation IF the extraditing nation may reasonably believe that the fugitive may face capital punishment if extradited

BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that UN member nations may exercise this right without fear of military reprisal from any other UN member nation

Votes For: 10,746
Votes Against: 4,468

Implemented: Fri May 20 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #104: Computer Crimes Act[]

Computer Crimes Act

NOTING the increasing trend for computer networks to be interconnected and to transcend national borders;

AWARE that the vast majority of businesses and most national and international economies rely on these systems and the information contained within;

ALERT to the dangers of allowing such a vital and grand-scale system to remain unprotected by international law; dangers which could cause massive economic, and other, damage to individuals, corporations and states alike through the damage or theft of computer systems or the information contained therein;

PROHIBITS the following practices:

1) The use, spread, and creation without proper safety precautions*, of computer viruses and other similar malicious programs including worms, Trojans, or any other program which damages, or otherwise adversely affects, computer systems; or destroys, damages, manipulates or steals information without authorisation. This excludes security specialists in their attempts to find new ways of defending against viruses, so long as they are creating and using such programs solely for that purpose, and do not use them without the authorisation of the owners of the computer system. They still may not spread them, and they must use proper safety precautions* (*to prevent spread and/or direct damage to computer systems or data in them without the express permission of the owners).

2) Computer hacking, defined as the intentional unauthorised access to, or unauthorised use, theft, manipulation or damage of information stored electronically.

3) Identity theft, defined as any unauthorised attempt to use or steal elements pertaining to another individual’s identity, including credit card details.

MANDATES that any business, organisation (either governmental or non-governmental) must take security measures to protect any confidential data contained in them, especially that data that pertains to information about their customers or members of the public. Such measures may include, but are not limited to, password protection of systems, data encryption, firewall installation, and virus scanning software, etc.

URGES all UN nations to implement security measures or legislation to protect these computer networks and the information contained on them through the promotion of, and education on, such measures, including encryption, password protection, firewalls, virus scanning software, and the use of secure operating systems, etc.

ENCOURAGES international cooperation between national law enforcement agencies, as well as the voluntary co-operation of the computer and Internet industry, in an attempt to reduce computer crime and improve the security of global computer networks and systems

ESTABLISHES the International Computer Security Institute (ICSI) whose tasks shall be to:

1) monitor international computer crime and work with law enforcement agencies to prevent it

2) promote and encourage the development of new security systems to help prevent computer crime

3) create and co-ordinate education programmes on computer crime prevention

and which shall be funded by voluntary donations by states, organisations, businesses or individuals.

Votes For: 11,811 Votes Against: 4,053

Implemented: Wed May 25 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #108: Repeal "Elimination of Bio Weapons"[]

UN Resolution #16: Elimination of Bio Weapons (Category: Global Disarmament; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: NOTING: UN resolution 16 for the "Elimination of Bio Weapons", although expressing an admirable goal, is completely inadequate to that goal. The text of the resolution contains nothing more than one statement describing the undesirable aspects of biological weapons and one statement saying it’s important to eliminate them. Unfortunately there are no statements:

-- Defining a single criteria for what specific weapons it's talking about
-- Establishing that they actually BE eliminated, rather than just saying it’s important.
-- Specifying how they should be eliminated (such as forbidding their elimination through using them all up on other nations).
-- Accounting for what should be done about the fact that non UN member nations will still have these weapons. -- Etc…

FURTHER NOTING: That given these shortcomings it is currently possible for any nation to do ALL of the following without EVER being in breach of resolution 16:

--Produce biological weapons.
--Stockpile biological weapons.
--Trade in biological weapons.
--Actually USE biological weapons.

IT IS PROPOSED: This resolution be repealed so that it may be replaced with a new, effective resolution.

Votes For: 12,663
Votes Against: 3,199

Implemented: Tue Jun 28 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #109: Nuclear Armaments[]

REALIZING that UN members are outnumbered by non members by about 3 to 1,

ACKNOWLEDGEING the fact that UN resolutions only affect UN members,

NOTICING the fact that many non member nations are hostile towards UN members,

REALIZING that the UN members need to be able to defend themselves if attacked,

NOTICING that the UN has twice defeated resolutions attempting to ban UN members from possessing nuclear weapons,

1. DECLARES that UN members are allowed to possess nuclear weapons to defend themselves from hostile nations,

2. PRESERVES the right for individual nations to decide if they want to possess nuclear weapons.

Votes For: 8,379
Votes Against: 6,835

Implemented: Sun Jul 3 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #110: United Nations Security Act[]

The NationStates United Nations,

NOTING that warfare and violence are not acts which this body wishes to encourage.

NOTING WITH REGRET that there are certain unavoidable situations in which warfare and violence are necessary for the defense of sovereign persons and nations.

CONCERNED that many member nations are ill-equipped to conduct an effective defense of the sovereign persons and nations.

FURTHER CONCERNED that there are many nations that are not members of this body and are hostile to it and may attack the member states of this body.

ENCOURAGES all member states to ensure that they have the ability to effectively defend their sovereign nation from attack in the interest of protecting their citizens.

DECLARES that all member states have the right to construct and utilize any and all weapons that are necessary to defend their nation from attack, except where previous legislation by this body that is still in effect has placed restrictions on that right.

Votes For: 9,667
Votes Against: 6,886

Implemented: Fri Jul 8 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #111: Civilian Rights Post War[]

Recognising war is an inevitable part of the NationStates world.

Fully aware there is a standing resolution already protecting the rights of POWs.

Alarmed by the absence of protections for non-combatants living in an occupied nation after a war has ended, and the possible abuses that can and are being perpetrated against conquered civilians by invading nations.

Convinced measures are necessary for the protection and fair treatment of non-combatants not involved in the armed forces of any nation involved in the war.

A non-combatant is a civilian of any age who did not take up arms against the invading nation either before or after the cessation of hostilities.
The invading nation(s) is those who are in occupation of all or part of the conquered nation after the cessation of hostilities.

Declares that immediately following the cessation of hostilities in any war all UN invader nation(s) involved in the occupation will implement the following….

- All conquered non-combatants must be treated with dignity and respect regardless of sex, age, position in society, religion or cultural group
- The invading nation must, immediately after cessation of hostilities, provide protection and security to the conquered civilian population against violence and looting.
- No non-combatant will be prevented from leaving the conquered nation with any personal possessions they wish to take, however the invading nation is within its rights to prevent anyone entering said nation.

- No non-combatant will be subjected to summary execution.
- No arrests are allowed without just cause and any person who is detained must be charged with a recognised crime and brought to trial as quickly as possible.
- No searches of private homes, businesses or places of worship may be carried out without just cause.
- Body searches of non-combatants are not allowed without just cause and if done the procedure must be carried out in a private setting. Any searches of women must be carried out by and only in the presence of female soldiers or police. No such searches of children are permitted.
- No non-combatants will be forcibly removed from their home or district and relocated unless such a move is necessary for their own safety in cases of unsafe structures, insurgent activity or other just reasons. They must be allowed to return as soon as possible after the problem is solved.

- The invading nation must rapidly restore medical services and hospitals within the conquered nation and provide medical aid to those non-combatants who require it.
- The invading nation must rapidly restore any essential services, including but not limited to water, sewerage, electricity and food distribution networks destroyed or disrupted because of the war.
- The invading nation must repair any infrastructure, including but not limited to bridges, roads, homes, places of worship, schools and businesses destroyed or damaged because of the war.
- Any non-combatants drafted to assist the rebuilding must be paid a fair wage for their work.

Any civilian who takes up arms after the cessation of hostilities and actively seeks confrontation with the invading nation may no longer be considered a non-combatant.

Votes For: 10,532
Votes Against: 4,068

Implemented: Wed Jul 13 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #112: Repeal "National Systems of Tax"[]

UN Resolution #105: National Systems of Tax (Category: Social Justice; Strength: Mild) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

APPLAUDING “National Systems of Tax” for upholding nations’ rights to self-determination in the area of tax systems,

RECOGNIZING the short treatment, however, which “National Systems of Tax” gives some very important, international issues concerning tax systems (such as tariffs and international tax incentives),

NOTING, ESPECIALLY, the resolution author’s willingness and desire to address such issues,

ACKNOWLEDGING, with reluctance, the mechanical need to repeal “National Systems of Tax” in order to re-address those important international issues and to more adequately secure national rights,

ASSURING member nations of future legislation, which will be more comprehensive and explanatory in scope, more serviceable to member nations in protecting their rights to determining their own tax systems, while more permitting of international determination of international taxation issues:

REPEALS “National Systems of Tax”.

Votes For: 10,510
Votes Against: 3,024

Implemented: Mon Jul 18 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #115: Freedom of Conscience[]

We, the United Nations, recognise that freedom of conscience is a fundamental human right that transcends national borders and note with regret that the governments of some member states persecute and commit acts of violence against those who merely express beliefs or thoughts that are not state-approved.

Accordingly, we hereby:

1) DEFINE a ‘prisoner of conscience’ as a person who is detained or imprisoned, not for use of, nor encouragement to use, violence; not for openly supporting nor recommending hatred for racial, religious, sexual or similar reasons to provoke people to discriminate, or to be hostile or violent; but for their political, religious or other beliefs, or their ethnic origin, gender, sexuality, colour or similarly unjustifiable reasons; and accordingly

INSIST that all member states immediately and unconditionally release any prisoners of conscience they are currently detaining and

PROHIBIT member states from detaining prisoners of conscience in the future.

2) DEFINE a ‘disappearance’ as an instance when a person has been taken into custody by government authorities or by an armed political group, when this person’s whereabouts and wellbeing are kept secret without the full, informed, uncoerced consent of the individual in question; and accordingly

INSIST that any institution or group holding such an individual to reveal the whereabouts and condition of the ‘disappeared’ person.

3) CONDEMN extrajudicial executions by governments, killings caused by the unnecessary use of lethal force by law enforcement officials and killings of civilians in direct or indiscriminate attacks by governments or armed political groups.

Votes For: 9,892
Votes Against: 4,179

Implemented: Wed Aug 3 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #116: Mitigation of Large Reservoirs[]

The NationStates United Nations,

RECOGNIZING that many large watersheds and river systems cross international boundaries, and thus represent a shared resource between riparian and coastal nations;

OBSERVING the international nature of the economic benefit to ocean and freshwater commercial fisheries of abundant and healthy anadromous fish populations, such as salmon;

AWARE that salmon represent an important source of Omega-3 fatty acids, though farmed salmon tend to have higher concentrations of dioxins and PCBs than wild salmon;

NOTING the desire to increase the maximum electrical output of existing hydroelectric plants by increasing the height of reservoirs or to design new hydroelectric power plants in order to meet growing electricity demands;

FURTHER NOTING that electrical power generation is often one of several uses of the water stored in multi-use reservoirs;

BEARING IN MIND that the operation of large-reservoirs alters the unimpaired (i.e. natural) flow, water temperature, nutrient availability, and sediment load in the water downstream of the reservoir, which has led to the decline in many native species' populations;

CONCERNED that methane emissions from decomposition in reservoirs could contribute substantially to global warming;

CONVINCED that in order for hydroelectric power to be of net beneficial use, that the environmental and commercial impacts of reservoir releases must be managed or mitigated in a sustainable way;

1. APPROVES of continued research into various large-scale reservoir mitigation measures including the design and operation of temperature control devices, construction of fish passage structures (such as fish ladders), use of pulse flows during migration and other critical periods, and maintenance and restoration of wetlands (which are important nutrient sources);

2. CALLS UPON nations to investigate and promote water supply and electrical demand reduction strategies, such encouraging energy efficient equipment, telecommuting and alternative work weeks, and operating large-scale industrial equipment during off-peak electrical demand periods;

3. SUGGESTS that adaptive management techniques such as timing reservoir releases to periods that are beneficial to both riparian wildlife and power users can minimize some of the impacts associated with large-scale reservoir releases;

4. RECOMMENDS the restoration of flood plains and seasonal wetland habitats, including designing flood bypass areas and seasonal agricultural easements;

5. FURTHER RECOMMENDS that these wetlands and flood bypasses be used to offset the need for dedicated flood storage in large multi-use reservoirs; and

6. EXPRESSES ITS HOPE that other alternative energy sources will be considered as supplements or alternatives to hydroelectric power generation, with the understanding that a sustainable power supply needs to be diverse and manageable in order to accommodate long-term economic stability.

Votes For: 8,949
Votes Against: 4,807

Implemented: Mon Aug 8 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #117: The Microcredit Bazaar[]

The United Nations,

REAFFIRMING the United Nations’ stance against poverty and suffering,

TAKING NOTE, via the impoverished throughout the world, of the cyclical nature of poverty across generations, and of the detrimental effect of poverty among a people to the surrounding peoples, nations, etc.,

OBSERVING previous success of so called “microcredit” at enhancing the lives of people or peoples currently trapped by deprivation, as well as the society surrounding them and future generations among them,

DETERMINING that citizens in UN nations, who have the ability to participate in “microcredit” but do not, might trade more regularly and freely via “microcredit” (which the UN believes to have greater effect than many forms of humanitarian aid) if they had information regarding “microcredit” and assurance of its financial security and honesty,

DETERMINING FURTHER that the distribution of such information would help free the trade of microcredit and make it more economically feasible for microcredit transactions to occur:

1.DEFINES “microcredit” as a financial transaction, or the trade of loans for relatively small sums of money for the purpose of sustaining life and employment, the repayment of which is supported by local communities alongside the individual(s) who received the loan;

2.ESTABLISHES “The Microcredit Bazaar”, which will set up chapters in all interested member nations for the purpose of educating citizens in said member nations on microcredit and of securing, presenting, and overseeing reputable organizations by which those citizens can trade microcredit with the impoverished;

3.CHARGES “The Microcredit Bazaar” with verifying reputable microcredit organizations, managing queries for a 'Bazaar' chapter, ensuring just and honest distribution of loaned money, ensuring repayment of loans, ensuring the reimbursement of unpaid loans, facilitating educational literature concerning microcredit to member nations, as well as the distribution of that literature as arranged with individual national governments;

4.EMPOWERS “The Microcredit Bazaar” with the authority to negotiate with national governments the location, length of stay, and extensiveness in presentation of 'Bazaar' chapters within member nations;

5.ENCOURAGES UN citizens everywhere to invest in the impoverished through microcredit, and, specifically, to attend local 'Bazaar' chapters;

6.EXPRESSES its utmost gratitude to any who contribute to the abolition of poverty, be it through microcredit, at one of “The Microcredit Bazaar” chapters, or otherwise.

Votes For: 7,474
Votes Against: 4,889

Implemented: Sat Aug 13 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #118: The Sex Education Act[]

The United Nations,

DEEPLY DISTURBED that in many Nations:
-A- Sexual education is lacking
-B- Education about female sexuality is often unheard of and no mention is made of the clitoris, the statistically most erogenous zone for women, which is not directly correlated with reproduction
-C- Lack of quality sex education can lead, many times, to unplanned teen pregnancies and unnecessary abortion

OBSERVING that:
-D- Sex has two important functions: reproduction and pleasure
-E- Sexual activity is a common activity, contributing to the happiness of many people, worldwide

URGES:
-1- All Nations to organize and secure some sexual education courses for all, before the age of 18-years; and
-2- All Nations to include in these courses, information about male sexuality, female sexuality, opposite-sex relationships, same-sex relationships, masturbation, birth control methods, abortion right, AIDS and sexually transmitted diseases without any value judgment

Votes For: 10,048
Votes Against: 3,921

Implemented: Tue Aug 23 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #119: UNCoESB[]

In these times of Population growth expanding into environmentally sensitive areas of the NS world, with natural habitats being encroached. With over fishing and hunting of game running unchecked, a side effect is the ever greater numbers of animals on the brink of extinction. It is with these concerns we enact the United Nations Conservation of Endangered Species Bill, UNCoESB
Article 1:The Executive
On ratification by the General Assembly, the UN shall set up an executive body to monitor NS World wildlife numbers. The Executive shall decide what numbers apply to each level of animal population and what Species receive the title "Endangered" and the protections the title affords. The Executive shall control funding and see it is used where it is most required.
Article 2:Quotas.
International best practise should be adopted in forming quotas and heavy penalties should be applied if these quotas are broken. Imposition of quotas should ensure that total bans on fisheries or game hunting of a specific species should be a rare event.
Article 3:Education.
National governments are charged with educating local populations in the benefits of conservation of species that are heavily hunted within their national boundaries.
Article 4:Species of National Importance.
Where there are species regarded with a sense of national importance, National governments may apply conservation orders on that species within its own national boundaries and impose national restrictions to hunting of that species. These restrictions shall only apply within the National boundary and are not applicable to neighbouring Nations unless an agreement has been set by the neighbouring countries.
National Governments may set penalties for breaches of these national conservation orders.
Article 5:Monitoring
The UN in conjunction with National and Regional Governments, Non Governmental Organisations and Environmental agencies shall constantly monitor closely wildlife numbers in their area of concern. These numbers shall be tallied yearly so they may show increases or decreases in the numbers of wildlife. If considerable decrease or a recurring trend of decrease in population is noted local conservation attempts shall be instituted at a national level aided by local populations and national agencies.
Article 6: Capture and Breeding
If local populations decrease to a worrying level then local Zoological and Marine specialists shall step in to capture and breed, in an attempt to reverse the decrease in numbers. Also, if larger populations of the same animal exist in another part of the NS world steps should be taken to introduce new blood lines to the endangered species.
Local Bans shall be instituted on hunting of the endangered animal until such time as it is deemed safe to do so. Quotas shall then be applied to the hunting of the recovering species.
Article 7:Full Escalation.
Where a Species of animal has come dangerously close to world extinction levels, The UN shall impose a Full escalation of Protection to the species. All hunting of the species shall be expressly forbidden. Full funding shall be granted for the escalation of steps to conserve the species and to rebuild its population to an acceptable level for the species to recover. Criminal charges shall be brought against any individual or group in contravention to this.
We hereby enact the UNCoESB.
The Author wishes to thank the Nation of “Yeldan UN Mission” whose assistance has been invaluable.

Votes For: 9,396
Votes Against: 4,503

Implemented: Fri Sep 2 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #120: Repeal "Ban Chemical Weapons"[]

UN Resolution #107: Ban Chemical Weapons (Category: Global Disarmament; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

UNDERSTANDING the sentiment against chemical weapons, which can cause large-scale destruction, present in "Ban Chemical Weapons",

NOTING, HOWEVER the precedent of the UN to allow citizens in member nations a reasonable level of self-protection, as well as the precedent for member nations to encourage the preservation of order and lawfulness within their boundaries,

RECOGNIZING that tear gas and smoke ordnance, which are chemical ‘weapons’ used by some nations to justly enforce the law and preserve order, are banned by “Ban Chemical Weapons”,

RECOGNIZING that mace and pepper sprays, which are vital chemical mechanisms for innocent civilians in defending themselves from dangerous criminals (especially in cases of robbery, assault, and rape), are banned by “Ban Chemical Weapons”,

REALIZING "Ban Chemical Weapons" unfortunately makes no differentiation between war-time chemical weapons and peace-time chemical ‘weapons’, affecting them all,

GRIEVING the loss to police enforcement and persons in urban areas (especially women in urban areas) of these vital chemical tools for law enforcement and self-protection:

REPEALS "Ban Chemical Weapons".

Votes For: 7,681 Votes Against: 7,250

Implemented: Wed Sep 7 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #121: Adoption and IVF Rights[]

The United Nations,

OBSERVING that -A- Adoptions and births from IVF, in the same manner as natural births, contribute to the happiness of many adults and children, worldwide

REGRETTING that in some Nations: -B- Same sex couples and non married couples are discriminated against, for they are not allowed to adopt children -C- Couples cannot adopt children from a different nation, even if these couples respect the standards defined by the nation of which the child is resident -D- Adoption is sometimes a front for the selling of a child for money

-E- IVF (In-Vitro fertilization) is forbidden

MANDATES all nations to allow: -1- Same sex couples and non married couples to adopt children with the same standard that opposite-sex and married couples are held to.
Nations will be permitted to allow Biological Parents to indicate their preference of the adoptive parents' religion, marital status and/or sexual preference before signing their parental rights away. This shall only apply in the case, both the child was willingly given away by parents but not purposely abandoned

-2- Opposite-sex and same-sex couples, regardless of marital status, from other UN countries shall be allowed to adopt children if these couples meet the standards defined by the nation of which the child is initially residing in.
Nations will be permitted to give priority of adoption to a local couple over a non-local couple

URGES that in all nations:
-3- Only nationally accredited adoption organizations can conduct the adoption procedure; and
-4- Adoptive parents be forbidden to give money to this adoption organizations, to any person working in or related to this association, to the biological parents and to people related to the biological parents; adoptive parents are welcome to donate money to any adoption organizations that they did not use and are not attempting to use to adopt children

ENCOURAGES -5- Scientific stem cell research in order that, in the future, sterile men and women can have gametes (spermatozoon and ovum) with their own genetic identity, these gametes being harvested from their own stem cells,

URGES: -6- All UN Nations to allow IVF, whether the gametes concerned were naturally produced or produced in the way defined in paragraph [5]

Thanks to all Nations that helped edit and improve this proposal in the UN forum

Votes For: 7,926
Votes Against: 5,918

Implemented: Mon Sep 12 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #123: Labeling Standards[]

SEEING THAT some companies may label their products incorrectly, or misuse words like “fresh“ and “organic“, and also seeing that there is a rising number of people that need to be able to know what is in what they are eating, this proposal imposes the following:

I. If a product is marketed in one or multiple countries that speak different official languages, all labels on the product must be in all official languages of those countries, and must all translate to mean the same thing.

II. Defining “fresh” as “not stale, sour, or decayed” and “not altered by processing,” and defining “organic” as “food produced with the use of feed or fertilizer of plant or animal origin without employment of chemically formulated fertilizers, growth stimulants, antibiotics, or pesticides.” Nothing may be labeled “fresh” or “organic” unless it fits the above definition.

III. All people have the right to know what is in the food they eat. This means all packaged products must be labeled with (if applicable) the ingredients of the product, and nutrition facts, which should include the amount of fat, trans fat, saturated fat, carbohydrates, sugars, sodium, protein, vitamins and minerals, and calories in the product. Also, all packaged products must be labeled with the country where the product was grown/made.

Votes For: 11,399
Votes Against: 3,190

Implemented: Thu Sep 22 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #124: Repeal "Promotion of Solar Panels"[]

UN Resolution #122: Promotion of Solar Panels (Category: Environmental; Industry Affected: All Businesses) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: Let it primarily be noted that the original creator of this resolution, Starcra II, in his own words, has admitted to his resolution having faults and was previously aware of the repeal. He encourages nations to support this repeal as he is writing up a newer, better version of the resolution which will be up for debate before submission to the UN.

This repeal does not condemn solar panels, and the United Nations acknowledges that this resolution is well intentioned, but:

-A- The mandatory objective to ban fossil fuels use in ten years is unrealistic, due to it entailing:
- Too short a timescale for the phasing out of fossil fuels
- Too great a fiscal expense of environmentally-conscious replacements and the introduction of said replacement s
- Too much consumption of resources and of fossil fuels themselves for the materials and processes required for the manufacture of more environmentally-conscious alternatives
- An unforeseen and accidental hindering of many fossil fuel reliant economic sectors such as the aeronautical and airlines sector.
- An impact on power supplies, thus reducing the productive outputs of industries extracting, processing and modifying further resources to make the products that are taken for granted in maintaining our quality of life. This may involve the processing and packaging of foodstuffs, medicines, water and other supplies used in aid programs and our daily lives.

-B- This resolution's requirements will destroy many economies in next 10 years due to the costs of extracting, obtaining and processing the resources required, as mentioned in Section A, and the costs of the economy recovering to the level it was at before the fossil fuel ban would have to come out of already nearly depleted treasuries.

-C- As some nations receive little sunlight each year and many new/clean/renewable sources of energy are available, the nations must be to allowed to decide between these choices, some of which are more suited to their climates and geography, in order to decrease their use of fossil fuels, whilst maintaining the economic viability and practicality of the replacements.

-D- This resolution falsely states that the combustion of fossil fuels results in holes in the Ozone layer, and while the UN accepts that they theoretically assist the Greenhouse Effect and are aware of its implications, this error must be removed to prevent the misinforming of member states.

The United Nations,

PLEASED by the environmental concerns of the original proposal and its promotion of renewable energy source, but

REGRETTING the aforementioned shortcomings,

REPEALS Resolution #122 - "Promotion of Solar Panels".

This resolution was co-authored by Love and esterel

Votes For: 10,922
Votes Against: 3,403

Implemented: Tue Sep 27 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #125: Repeal "DVD region removal"[]

UN Resolution #5: DVD region removal (Category: Free Trade; Strength: Mild) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The U.N.

Realizing:

-A- The rights and privileges of nations and regions involving all other media types, including: Blu-ray disc, High Density DVD (HD DVD), Universal media disc (UMD), super Audio CD (SACD), DualDiscs, other record types, and nearly all computerized were not mentioned at all in the previous resolution.

-B- Other media supports exist or will arrive soon on the market and should be also free of a “regional system.” This resolution only covers one type of media which is only effective during the time in which DVDs are used as standardized media.

Regretting:

-C- This resolution is poorly written, and contains numerous grammatical errors which can be embarrassing to the U.N.

-D- This resolution is illogical to only include one type of media and this makes it in a way unenforceable and meaningless.

In light of this resolution ineffectiveness and failure to expand to other media types, be it resolved that:

Resolution #5, “DVD region removal” is repealed

Co-Authored by: Love and esterel

Votes For: 11,801
Votes Against: 2,320

Implemented: Sun Oct 2 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #126: Fossil Fuel Reduction Act[]

NOTING: that using fossil fuel as an energy source cannot continue indefinitely, because of damage to the environment and finite supply.

NOTING: that long-term energy sustainability requires drastic reduction of the use of fossil fuels as energy sources and the eventual reliance on clean, renewable energy sources.

NOTING: that the current level of energy generation may itself be unsustainable in the long term and that programs that promote conservation and increased energy efficiency, as well as reassessing what are energy needs and what are unnecessary luxuries, will be key parts.

NOTING: that environmental damage caused by burning fossil fuels is not localized to the country burning them but rather of global concern.

REALIZING: that the drastic reduction of the use of fossil fuels is a monumental task requiring the help, cooperation, and commitment of all UN nations.

DEFINITIONS

Fossil fuels: Hydrocarbon deposits, such as petroleum, coal, or natural gas, derived from living matter of a previous geologic time and used for fuel.

Clean, renewable energy sources: energy derived from sources that do not completely use up natural resources or do significant harm the environment in the long-term.

The UN hereby enacts the following:

ARTICLE I: Terms of the resolution

Section A: Each nation must calculate the average amount of fossil fuel consumed per year over the last 3 years, this is their "ceiling consumption rate." Each nation is required to reduce consumption by a minimum of 2% of the ceiling rate every year, until rates are at or under 10% of ceiling consumption rate. This means that, after one year, rates should be at 98% of the ceiling consumption rate; after two years, at 96% of the ceiling consumption rate; and so on.

Section B: Each nation must increase funding for research, development, and implementation of clean, renewable energy sources and increased energy efficiency and conservation programs by a minimum of 1% per year, until Section A has been satisfied.

Section C: Nations may use energy sources that are ultimately not sustainable, such as nuclear fission, to supplement power until they are able to use clean renewable energy sources only.

Section D: Nations' governments are strongly encouraged to give incentives to the private and nonprofit sectors to help it comply with the requirements set out in Sections A through C.

Section E: Nations that meet the requirements at least 5 years before the minimum required term of 45 years, implied in Section A, shall receive a 5% increase in any UN aid they are receiving, until said 45 year term.

ARTICLE II: Special Cases

Section A: If a nation is trying to comply with the resolution, but having trouble, it may apply for a time extension, but must demonstrate significant need. Legitimate significant needs are extensive damage to infrastructure or economy because of:
Natural disasters
War
Severe economic depression
If significant need is established, an appropriate time extension relative to need will be granted.

Section B: If a nation refuses to comply with the resolution, the UN grants the right to UN member nations to impose trade sanctions on the offending nation, except for sanctions previously banned by the UN, until the nation comes into compliance.

Votes For: 9,136
Votes Against: 4,965

Implemented: Sat Oct 8 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #127: Diplomatic Immunity[]

REALISING that national law can restrict diplomatic and consular personnel (hereafter referred to as diplomats) from carrying out their assignment

NOTING that unrestricted diplomatic immunity is subject to abuse

FURTHER NOTING that a lack of diplomatic immunity can lead to the abuse of diplomats by national governments for political reasons and cause undue interference with their official duties

EMPHASISING that the decision to grant diplomatic immunity is the exclusive prerogative of the nation in which the diplomat is to be serving (hereafter referred to as the host nation), and that diplomatic immunity may be revoked by either the host nation or the nation that the person represents (hereafter referred to as the home nation)

PROCLAIMS that a person holding diplomatic immunity is immune from arrest and prosecution by the host nation. The person may be detained by host nation officials only when necessary to prevent death or injury of that person or others. In such case, the law enforcement officers shall immediately notify the mission to which the person is assigned. The person shall be promptly released to the custody of an authorised representative of that mission upon request.

FURTHER PROCLAIMS that diplomatic missions and other property declared extraterritorial by agreement between the home and host nations are inviolable from search by host nation officials. Such property may be entered by host nation officials only upon request by the mission involved. Nations may negotiate other circumstances in which such entry is permitted

PROCLAIMS that goods and documents in transit to or from to or from diplomatic missions and identified as diplomatic bags or pouches are inviolable from seizure or search by host nation officials, and exempt from customs and excise duties

AFFIRMS that, if the host nation revokes diplomatic immunity and there is probable cause to believe that the individual has committed a crime under the host nation's law, the person must be tried for said crime under the rules of judicial procedure of the home nation. Evidence and testimony from the host nation must be weighed if admissible under those rules. The trial shall be conducted within the home nation's mission in the host nation whenever feasible. If found guilty, the person shall be immediately returned to the home nation for appropriate punishment

AFFIRMS that if the host nation revokes immunity the diplomat remains immune for prosecution by the host nation for any crime committed whilst the person had immunity

URGES nations to prosecute diplomats charged with crimes whose immunity has been revoked for non-political reasons

AFFIRMS that, if the home nation revokes a person's diplomatic immunity, he or she may face prosecution by the host nation for a crime committed while the immunity was in effect under the host nation’s laws and judicial system

PROCLAIMS that no nation may wilfully send any diplomat with the express purpose of committing a crime in the host nation

RECOMMENDS that nations cooperate in providing diplomatic missions with appropriate security.

Co-authored by Ausserland

Votes For: 8,691
Votes Against: 3,746

Implemented: Wed Oct 19 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #128: Representation in Taxation[]

The General Assembly of the United Nations

RECOGNIZING the diversity of individual nations’ peoples, cultures, political leanings, governmental systems, and economic situations, and the fundamental need for each person or group of people being able to express those unique characteristics,

SUPPORTING the view of many that democracy and its precepts (fair representation, and political license among them) can both address and categorize these disparate situations, attitudes, and lives more justly than any other system of government,

ASSERTING that substantially fairer representation and greater political license (prerequisites to democracy) accompanies ‘local governance’ (that those most closely involved with and knowledgeable of an issue address it), except on issues in which overarching, external intervention is necessary,

BELIEVING as impossible for an individual citizen in a member nation to receive a fair form of representation in taxation legislation made on a UN level,

DETERMINING, in the interest of fair representation and greater democratic freedoms, that taxation of national, domestic activities and products is best dealt with, at highest, by national government:

1.FIRMLY ENCOURAGES member nations to allow citizens the highest degrees of representation regarding the taxes incurred upon them, SUGGESTING each member nation and citizens in that nation regularly and soberly scrutinize their respective taxation system, specifically to understand its effects on economic liberty and social equality, and its general service to nations’ peoples;

2.DECLARES and PROTECTS, as inviolable rights of nations:
(a) imposing or not imposing of taxes or fees on domestic activities, items, and businesses within their national boundaries, and
(b) the determination of rate, general type (progressive, flat, etc.) and specific application of such taxes (who/what is and is not taxed);

3.DEFINES “taxes or fees on domestic activities, items, and businesses” as including, but not limited to:
(a) fees for national postal service, copy fees for national documents, and admissions for national parks or natural recreation activities, as well as tolls for roads within a member nations borders,
(b) taxes imposed upon businesses which engage in strictly intra-national trade, and taxes imposed on items and services which are made and sold strictly within a member nation, and
(c) taxes placed upon (or tax credits awarded) farmers which sell their crops strictly within the nation and taxes placed upon (or tax credits awarded) government workers;

4.ALLOWS that member nations may voluntarily relinquish all or part of their rights to determining their taxation systems to local, region, and international groups (such as an international economic alliance) if a member nation so decides;

5.URGES that nations use this right to tax their peoples with responsibility, and, most importantly, with consent and approval from the people who are taxed, NOTING that unjust governments are often punished economically, politically, and militarily by other governments as well as by those whom they oppress.

Votes For: 7,024
Votes Against: 5,975

Implemented: Tue Oct 25 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #129: Repeal "Protection of Dolphins Act"[]

UN Resolution #106: Protection of Dolphins Act (Category: Environmental; Industry Affected: All Businesses) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: 1): COMMENDING the goals of United Nations Resolution #106, Protection of Dolphins Act;

2): NOTING the passage of United Nations Resolution #119, UNCoESB;

3): FURTHER NOTING article 7 of UNCoESB which bans all hunting of endangered species, in addition to other provisions which ensure the survival of endangered species;

4): CONVINCED that Resolution #106 is rendered redundant by the protections provided in Resolution #119;

5): BELIEVING that the removal of unnecessary legislation is in the best interests of the member nations of the UN;

6): HEREBY repeals United Nations Resolution #106, Protection of Dolphins Act.

Votes For: 7,269
Votes Against: 6,454

Implemented: Sun Oct 30 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #130: Global Food Distribution Act[]

The General Assembly of the United Nations,

RECOGNIZING the role of proper nutrition in maintaining the physical and psychological well-being of all persons;

FURTHER RECOGNIZING the importance of proper nutrition in the growth and development of children;

NOTING the need of all peoples to have adequate supplies of good quality, healthy food;

DEFINES "food" as the appropriate and healthy substance(s) that a person uses or can use as a primary source of energy.

HEREBY

1. ENCOURAGES the sale and/or transfer of food products between UN nations;

2. ENCOURAGES all nations to institute health and nutritional education programs within their school systems;

3. REQUIRES the gradual reduction, in stages, of all protectionist mechanisms in the trade of food including, but not limited to, Tariffs, Duties, Farm Subsidies and Subventions. Exception will be made for protectionist mechanisms which are based upon legitimate Religious, Cultural, Medical, or Ecological concerns;

4. ESTABLISHES the following schedule for reducing protectionist mechanisms:

Years 1 thru 6: 36% cut over six years (6% per year)
Years 7 thru 11: 50% cut over five years (10% per year)
Year 12: 14% cut (total elimination of protectionist mechanisms)

5. EMPHASIZES that UN member nations reserve the right to employ retaliatory tariffs towards non-UN nations to prevent price dumping;

6. ESTABLISHES the United Nations Free Trade Commission (UNFTC) to arbitrate trade disputes and pass rulings on exceptions claimed under Article 3;

7. ENCOURAGES STRONGLY the removal of all sales taxes levied on food;

8. CALLS UPON UN member nations to, except in cases where private entities already conduct such research, advance research into new and improved methods of food production and distribution as a priority within their research budgets insofar as is necessary and possible given their circumstance(s).

Votes For: 9,207
Votes Against: 5,172

Implemented: Wed Nov 16 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #131: IT Education Act[]

The United Nations,

-A- CONCERNED by the number of children who do not have basic information technology education,

-B- CONVINCED that the mastering of Information Technology is essential in the education of every child worldwide and for his/her own future

-C- FULLY AWARE of the difference of technology level between member nations

-D- SEEKING to minimize the cost of the following clauses

-E- FULLY AWARE of the availability of cheap, basic and low power-consumption computers designed by non-profit organizations


-1- STRONGLY URGES all nations to secure that each child, aged at least 12, receive some information technology education adapted to the national technology level. This can be integrated into National Education programs,

-2- ENCOURAGES STRONGLY all nations to secure for every child, aged at least 12, some access in school to information technology school equipment with educational software and Internet access,

-3- SUPPORTS operations which provide children, personal computers with Internet access and educational software, or more powerful high-tech educational tool, when the cost for the Nations will not be significant. Computers, Internet access or others tools could be bought or rented at a very modest price for children not able to afford them

-4- RECCOMENDS all nations to be prudent by ensuring that these actions don’t undermine or reduce nutritional, health or clothing efforts

-5- ENCOURAGES all Nations to try to limit the cost induced by this resolution, by different means such as:

-5.1- providing cheap, basic and low power-consumption computers designed by non-profit organization as those that already exist

-5.2- Running the computers mentioned in this resolution with needed open-source software, freeware or software graciously paid or discounted by companies, as a sponsoring operation for them or by non-profit organization

-5.3- Proposing some non-profit organization or some companies to graciously offer some computers, internet access and technical support, as a sponsoring operation for them which can prove more efficient than a TV ad campaign

-6- ENCOURAGES all developed Nations to help developing Nations to implement this program, by different means such as:

-6.1- Sharing technologies with nations who don't have yet access to them

-6.2- Giving access to these nations to a low rate loan/bonds system, which will be repaid in middle term by the growth of the amount of taxes collected due to the growth of information technology economic sector

Co-authored by Love and esterel

Votes For: 9,457
Votes Against: 4,441

Implemented: Mon Nov 21 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #132: UN Small Business Education[]

The General Assembly of the United Nations,

ASCERTAINING drive to economic enterprise by individuals as a large part of many individuals’ paths toward happiness,

UNDERSTANDING that greater realization of this drive could be effected, if each individual were to have greater knowledge regarding economic enterprise, specifically small business enterprise, in relation to their surroundings and local economies,

RECALLING many other positive things (besides the possible fulfillment of happiness for some individuals) which may come about when a healthy number of citizens engage in small business,

DETERMINING the drive towards personal achievement universal enough for the United Nations to support and encourage:

1. ENCOURAGES member nations in which there are free market or semi-free market economic systems to have compassion on those entrepreneurs who begin small businesses in the retail, agriculture, manufacturing, technology, etc. industries by assigning those businesses or citizens tax breaks or by helping provide the necessary technical support and infrastructure resources or in any way a member nation and its people may determine a possible route to decrease the difficulties of starting and owning a small business;

2. ENCOURAGES small business owners and potential small business owners to research, acquire and enact intelligent, sensible business practices from reputable sources;

3. SUPPORTS the use of subsidies to allow small businesses to compete against larger national or international corporations--considered dutifully for its effects on the national and regional workforce, and used only in just moderation; and SUPPORTS distribution of government or public contracts among small businesses to equalize distribution with larger businesses;

4. CREATES “The United Nations Small Business Classroom” (“The UNSBC”), which may operate branches in consenting member nations with as large or small of a presence in each nation as desired by each national government ("presence" including content of “The UNSBC” branch in a member nation, location(s) of “The UNSBC” branch facilities, etc.): with staffing determined by individual member nations as overseen by UN officials;

5. DESIGNATES “The UNSBC” as an organization intended primarily to educate small business owners and prospective small business owners on how to begin, run, and operate a small business;

6. ALLOWS member nations to add curricula--especially regarding local, provincial or national laws, or market research--to “The UNSBC” so far as additional staffing, if necessary, is provided and salaried by the member nation;

7. URGES member nations to allow citizens say in “The UNSBC” branch(es) in their member nation, be it through written or spoken feedback, through ombudsmen, local referenda, etc.;

8. DESIGNATES “The UNSBC” as an organization which may also, should it be within the agreement between “The UNSBC” and the member nation in which a branch resides, produce literature concerning small businesses and national/regional markets, service regional citizens, educate new citizens in the economic workings of the member nation--or educate and facilitate a member nations citizens in any way so long as that service is reasonably related to economics, and approved by UN oversight.

Votes For: 6,625
Votes Against: 5,226

Implemented: Sat Nov 26 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #133: Repeal "UCPL"[]

UN Resolution #45: UCPL (Category: Free Trade; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: RECOGNISING that copyright and patent law are fundamentally different methods of protecting intellectual property;

NOTING WITH REGRET that this resolution makes no distinction between the two;

REALISING that there are profound differences in the way nations view the value and ownership of intellectual property;

BELIEVING that copyright law and patent law are such inherently complex concepts that no single resolution can formally and effectively create a universal system of UN law in this regard;

DEEPLY CONSCIOUS that the mechanism for sharing copyright described in UCPL would be impossible;

ALARMED at the cost of constructing and maintaining over 30,000 separate chapter offices in member capitals, and further sub-agencies;

REAFFIRMING the importance of global cooperation in copyright issues;

EXPRESSING ITS HOPE that nations will continue to work together in this respect;

BELIEVING that a more effective replacement for "UCPL" can be achieved:

REPEALS "UCPL".

Votes For: 9,077
Votes Against: 2,832

Implemented: Thu Dec 1 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #134: Rights of Neutral States[]

RECOGNIZING that all sovereign states have the right to declare war and defend themselves from attack;

NOTING that nations may, from time to time, declare themselves neutral, and

DEFINING a "Neutral State" as one which has formally declared its neutrality with regard to a specific state of war or belligerency existing between two or more other nations, thus

AFFIRMING that it is the right of nations which are not belligerents in such a conflict to make a claim of neutrality;

ALSO AWARE that such states need the support and respect of the NationStates United Nations to maintain that neutrality;

THESE UNITED NATIONS DO HEREBY FIND AND DECLARE THAT a neutral state must abide by the following terms:

1. It must not knowingly harbour, aid, support or provide for any combatant nation, nor its forces nor military allies, nor any extra-national combatant force or militia, including but not limited to air forces, naval ships, land forces, agents, or those undertaking to procure the goods and supplies of war.

2. It must not actively or covertly act to hamper or assist any force or agents of an active combatant nation, nor the militarily allied force of another nation, nor any extra-national combatant force or militia, through either force of arms or other support.

3. It shall not conspire to influence the outcome of armed combat through overt or covert means, excepting efforts to mediate or negotiate a truce or end to the conflict.

4. It may allow and facilitate provision of humanitarian aid by neutral third parties to civilian populations and to military wounded, and may allow such organizations to operate from, travel through, or stage in neutral territory, for the express purpose of delivering said aid.

Violation of these terms shall render neutrality broken.

THESE UNITED NATIONS DO FURTHER DECLARE that

Any nation publicly declaring neutrality must be afforded the special rights stated herein for the period during which they maintain the obligations of a neutral state;

A neutral state shall not be invaded, occupied, or otherwise used by belligerents during time of war or conflict by any signatory to this treaty, and

Shall not be used for the internment of prisoners of war, treatment of wounded or storage of dead combatants, without the explicit and uncoerced consent of all parties;

No declared neutral state shall be used or traversed to facilitate the transportation of war materials, foodstuffs or supplies of any kind, including ammunition, personnel and armaments or agents of signatory states, excluding humanitarian aid noted above, and

At the sole discretion of individual governments, nations can use any or all measures deemed appropriate to deter non-UN nations from violating the terms of neutrality, including all diplomatic efforts and sanctions, economic and trade sanctions, economic and trade embargoes, declaration of hostile state status, and declaration of hostilities.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, having deposited their respective full powers, have signed the present Convention.

Votes For: 9,897
Votes Against: 3,009

Implemented: Tue Dec 6 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #136: Repeal "Right to Divorce"[]

UN Resolution #135: Right to Divorce (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

NOTING the recent passage of "Right To Divorce",

CONCERNED at a number of failures of said resolution:

1. OBSERVING that although it 'declares that a marriage or civil union may be ended by divorce', this does not actually guarantee any right to a divorce, meaning the final decision still rests with national or local courts anyway,

2. DEEPLY DISTURBED by clause 3, which enforces parental rights in such a way that it is illegal to deny regular access to the child to a parent who is assessed being a significant risk to the child, even where such parent has been convicted of crimes such as sexual molestation of children or infanticide,

3. BELIEVING it to be fallacious to base post-divorce visitation rights exclusively on the circumstances of divorce,

4. RECOGNISING that it would be better to have visitation privileges determined on a case-by-case basis, considering the facts of the specific situation and giving proper attention to the welfare of the children as well as the rights of the parents,

5. NOTING FURTHER that the definition used in the resolution does not extend any rights to those in polyandrous or polygamous relationships, and as such enforces one particular set of values,

6. CONVINCED that the resolution constitutes an attempt at inappropriate micromanagement, where many of its provisions would be more effectively delegated to national or more local agencies,

7. REMAINING OPEN to the possibility of replacement legislation that legislates a 'right to divorce' without resorting to unnecessary micromanagement:

REPEALS "Right To Divorce".

Submitted on behalf of Gruenberg.

Votes For: 8,859
Votes Against: 2,465

Implemented: Mon Dec 26 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #137: Repeal "Save the forests of the World"[]

UN Resolution #48: Save the forests of the World (Category: Environmental; Industry Affected: Woodchipping) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The General Assembly of the United Nations,

COMMENDING the assumed intentions of Resolution #48, “Save the forests of the World”;

DEEPLY COMMITTED to guaranteeing the sustainability of the world ecosystem, namely by the preservation of forests; yet

REGRETTING the confusing, discursive and unconstructive nature of said Resolution;

NOTING that it does not mandate or recommend any course of action to further the cause of sustainability, rendering it ineffective;

ACKNOWLEDGING the clear overlap between the assumed intentions of its author and the mandate of Resolution #23, “Replanting Trees”; and

DECLARING that ambiguous and ineffective legislation threatens the credibility of the UN, especially when in duplication of previous legislation;

REPEALS Resolution #48.

Votes For: 8,769
Votes Against: 3,432

Implemented: Sat Dec 31 2005

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #138: Artistic Freedom[]

The General Assembly of the United Nations,

NOTING Article II of Resolution #26, “The Universal Bill of Rights,” which states that “All human beings have the right to express themselves through speech and through the media without any interference.”

ACKNOWLEDGING that the majority of artistic genres are not transmitted by speech or the media; thus

CONSIDERING that the rights of artists are not covered by any N.S.U.N. resolution;

UNDERSTANDING that artistic freedom should be protected and promoted throughout the world;

1. DEFINES for the purpose of this resolution:

a) A “work of art” as an object (such as a painting or sculpture) or intellectual construct (such as a novel or musical piece) created with the primary purpose of attaining aesthetic value,

b) An “artist” as a person who plays a major creative role on either the construction of an original work of art, or the interpretation of an existing work of art;

2. DECLARES the rights of artists to create and interpret works of art, and of any person to distribute and preserve them, without interference from other individuals, any government, or the N.S.U.N., provided they:

a) RESPECT national and international law on property rights, including copyrights,

b) ENSURE that no other person is harmed, or likely to be harmed, directly or otherwise, by their activities,

c) RESPECT any other relevant legislation that does not directly restrict their freedom of expression;

3. ENCOURAGES N.S.U.N. members to endorse and promote all artistic genres, by such means as they see fit, as long as these genres do not infringe on the restrictions described in clause 2.

Co-Authored By: Fonzoland

Votes For: 8,790
Votes Against: 4,352

Implemented: Thu Jan 5 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #139: Repeal "MANDATORY RECYCLING"[]

UN Resolution #13: MANDATORY RECYCLING (Category: Environmental; Industry Affected: All Businesses) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: OBSERVING the need for practical recycling legislation,

APPALLED by the failures of "Mandatory Recycling" to deliver suitable solutions, and its restriction on the ability of the UN to adopt more workable recycling policies,

REGRETTING the lack of clear guidelines, measurable goals and regulations in aforementioned resolution,

AWARE that not all member states have the industrial capacity for the scale of recycling mandated by this resolution, for which no allowance is made,

CONCERNED by the irresponsibility of forcing member states without the requisite facilities to engage in this level of recycling,

NOTING the distinct possibility of environmental damage caused by inappropriate recycling of materials by member states without developed, safe industrial facilities,

CONSIDERING that recycling "all paper, glass, aluminum, and batteries", regardless of needs, value, other uses of these items, etc, as this resolution mandates, is not a safe, intelligent, or effective way to issue a resolution encouraging recycling,

REMAINING OPEN to a replacement which adopts a more effective set of recycling regimes

REPEALS "Mandatory Recycling"

Co-authored by Gruenberg, Jey

Votes For: 9,498
Votes Against: 3,457

Implemented: Tue Jan 10 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #140: Civilian Casualty Records[]

The United Nations,

CONCERNED by the deaths of civilians in times of war,

PERSUADED that a proportion of these are avoidable,

CONFIDENT that the military can assist in preventing many of these unnecessary deaths,

DESIRING, therefore, to contribute a positive response to this problem;

The UN hereby calls on all member nations to maintain records of civilian casualties in times of war. It further encourages them to use this data to improve the conduct of military operations, gathering of intelligence, and use of weapons, for the purpose of reducing loss of innocent life.

Votes For: 10,185
Votes Against: 3,738

Implemented: Sun Jan 15 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #141: Repeal "The Law of the Sea"[]

UN Resolution #74: The Law of the Sea (Category: Free Trade; Strength: Mild) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

OBSERVING that non-UN members outnumber UN members 3 to 1,

ASSERTING that the attempts of "The Law of the Sea" to claim UN jurisdiction over international waters are misguided, impractical, and illegal,

FULLY CONVINCED that the 20 kilometre allotments granted by "The Law of the Sea" are far too small without allowance for the extension of Exclusive Economic Zones, and further that the undefined and vague status of 'scientific research stations' could lead to abuse by unscrupulous nations,

BELIEVING that the allotment of fishing quotas is inefficiently administered by "The Law of the Sea", but now falls under the jurisdiction of the UNCoESB,

APPALLED at the extensive bureaucracy created by "The Law of the Sea", which would be largely rendered ineffectual by the presence of non-UN navies, and the lack of legislation governing relations between these and UN navies,

CONCERNED by the conflict between the obligations of ships under "The Law of the Sea", and of declared neutral ships,

DEPLORING the designation of definition of piracy to bilateral definition, which would in fact allow ships at will to disrupt trade, in effect fuelling, rather than preventing, international piracy,

NOT BELIEVING 'reasonable grounds' is sufficiently defined to prevent arbitrary, aggressive boarding of ships, and appalled at the breach of confidentiality created by the UN database of searches,

DISREGARDING the claim that the UN can designate no-fishing areas, given the presence of non-UN fishing boats,

DISBELIEVING the sweeping nature of "The Law of the Sea", in attempting to connect a number of entirely separate concerns, such as international security and ecology, to be a productive approach to internationally binding legislation,

FULLY CONDEMNING "The Law of the Sea" for attempting to assert UN jurisdiction over international territory:

1. REPEALS "The Law of the Sea";

2. IMPLORES the General Assembly to ensure speedy replacement of certain admittedly important aspects of "The Law of the Sea" concerning the sovereignty of territorial waters, and its well-intentioned but ineffectively and dangerously executed attempts to combat piracy.

Votes For: 7,689
Votes Against: 4,101

Implemented: Fri Jan 20 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #142: Repeal "Stop dumping - Start Cleaning"[]

UN Resolution #35: Stop dumping - Start Cleaning (Category: Environmental; Industry Affected: All Businesses) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The General Assembly,

Noting the passage of United Nations Resolution #35, 'Stop Dumping - Start Cleaning',

Unconvinced that local charities are the most effective organisations for rectifying large-scale environmental damage,

Regretting that the resolution fails to consider that uncontaminated waste water, a byproduct of many industrial processes, when cooled and aerated is no longer harmful to aquatic ecosystems,

Noting that 'filtering' refers only to the removal of particulate matter and will not remove most chemical contaminants,

Observing that the concept of a 'federal prison' is alien to member States without federated government,

Concerned that the specified legal sentences are insufficiently flexible and prevent State judiciaries from considering extenuating circumstances such as time spent in custody,

Affirming that the basis of a United Nations resolution should be a considered analysis of the situation and not emotive rhetoric,

1. Repeals United Nations Resolution #35, 'Stop Dumping - Start Cleaning';

2. Condemns the style of argument, false assumptions and ill-defined terms of the resolution;

3. Urges delegates to consider the differing structures of legislatures in member States when proposing future resolutions.

Votes For: 9,102
Votes Against: 3,359

Implemented: Wed Jan 25 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #143: Repeal "The Rights of Labor Unions"[]

UN Resolution #38: The Rights of Labor Unions (Category: Social Justice; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: RECOGNISES that many member nations prefer the presence of Labor Unions in their economy.

NOTES that the abolition of all national labor unions would be extremely disastrous to the local economic atmosphere.

NOTES that Resolution #38, "The Right of Labor Unions", has serious flaws for the following reasons:

1) Does not allow the government to limit the scope of unions in areas vital to the well being of the nation, such as the military.

2) Does not give non-unionized workers protection against union discrimination.

3) Enables unions to appoint, rather than elect, their leaders, rig votes, or perform other such acts harmful to the workers

4) Allows wildcat strikes, secondary picketing and Union action outside of the rule of law

THEREFORE it is recommended that the each member nation decide on their own legislation concerning the implementation of unions.

REPEALS Resolution #38 "The Right of Labor Unions"

Votes For: 8,615
Votes Against: 5,154

Implemented: Mon Jan 30 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #144: Repeal "Gay Rights"[]

UN Resolution #12: Gay Rights (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: This Assembly,

AFFIRMING that gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender individuals are deserving of full and equal protection under the law;

REAFFIRMING its earlier stance in Resolution #99: Discrimination Accord, that the resolution Gay Rights "in practice does virtually nothing to protect citizens' rights";

VOICING its concern that keeping poor, ineffectual legislation such as Resolution #12 on the books will do nothing to advance the cause for human rights, and will in fact hamper this body's ability to make further strides in that arena;

ACKNOWLEDGING that gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender individuals are ALREADY afforded substantial protections under international law through past declarations of this body; protections including, but not limited to:

1) Freedom to marry individuals of the same sex or gender;
2) Freedom to express their love for persons of the same gender;
3) Freedom from imprisonment based on sexuality;
4) Freedom from discrimination;
5) Freedom of sexual privacy; thus

DEEMING the Gay Rights resolution redundant and unnecessary;

MINDFUL that it is in the interests of the United Nations to streamline and strike out superfluous and ineffective legislation;

RECOGNIZING that the enactment of this article will NOT permit member states to discriminate against gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender individuals; hereby

REPEALS Resolution #12: Gay Rights.

Votes For: 8,084
Votes Against: 5,359

Implemented: Sat Feb 4 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #145: Repeal "Abortion Rights"[]

UN Resolution #61: Abortion Rights (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: RECOGNIZES that abortion is an issue where good people on each side of this issue disagree.

PRAISES the concern for women in crisis and with needs.

POINTS OUT Resolution #61 provides no details or reasons for it's argument.

EMPHASIZES Resolution #61 does not limit abortion to "Women's health" during later trimesters, but allows a woman to have an abortion for any reason whatsoever (age, gender of the baby, etc.), for no reason whatsoever, without parental consent, without spousal consent, and at any any point up to and including the ninth month of pregnancy.

ACKNOWLEDGES this repeal will not prohibit any abortions, but permit it to be a daily issue in which a nation may decide this issue for themselves.

NOTES people are passionate on both sides of this issue and repealing this issue will indeed be "pro-choice" (member nations may choose to permit abortions for any reason, limit it as they deem necessary, or prohibit).

CONSIDERS the further medical technology of prenatal surgery deeming the unborn child as a "patient" and questions if abortion does not protect the rights of these individuals based on their location.

QUESTIONS if women are able to make informed choices without further research into the pychological and emotional side effects of such a common surgical procedure.

REPEALS resolution #61 "Abortion Rights"

Votes For: 7,630
Votes Against: 6,519

Implemented: Tue Feb 14 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #146: Workplace Safety Act[]

NOTING the absence of UN legislation guaranteeing the safety of employees while in the workplace;

RESOLVED to establish a common standard of workplace safety in all UN nations;

BELIEVING that employees have the right to safe working conditions while at the workplace and that employers have a responsibility to provide a healthy and safe work environment;

DEFINING, for the purposes of this resolution:
- person as one or more individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, business trusts, legal representatives, or any organized group of persons
- an employee as an individual who performs certain tasks for another person in return for financial or other compensation
- a workplace as any site at which the tasks employees are engaged to perform are carried out
- an employer as a person or persons engaging employees to perform certain tasks, excluding the law enforcement and military bodies of UN member nations;

the United Nations hereby,

ENACTS the following:

(1)Each employer shall make every reasonable effort to furnish a place of employment which is free from hazards that could cause death or serious physical harm to his employees and inform employees as fully as possible of potential hazards.

(2)Workplaces must be maintained in such a condition that employees will not be exposed to excessive danger.

(3)Every employer must ensure that regular inspections are made of all workplaces and work methods and practices, at intervals that will prevent the development of unsafe working conditions.

(4)Employers shall, where applicable, inform employees of any Personal Protective Equipment required. The minimum standard of PPE is that which will prevent injury or harm to the employee considering all known or anticipated hazards within the specific workplace. All employees must provide or be provided with, and be required to use, the minimum standard of PPE. Employers shall also provide formal training in the use of PPE and in safe operational procedures for all employees, plus updates whenever significant new procedures are introduced.

(5)The employer must ensure that each tool, machine and piece of equipment in the workplace is capable of safely performing the functions for which it is used and operated.

(6)Employers shall ensure that each employee complies with all rules, regulations, and orders issued pursuant to this Act which are applicable to the employee's own actions and conduct.

(7)Employers must not knowingly permit employees to enter or remain at the workplace while the employee's ability to work safely is so notably impaired as to endanger the employee and/or anyone else, or diminish their ability to operate machinery safely.

(8)Employers shall ensure that employees do not engage in any inappropriate activity or behavior at a workplace that might create or constitute a hazard to themselves or to any other person.

(9)All UN member nations are encouraged to enact workplace safety legislation at the national level that would further expand on the concepts embodied within this act. Nothing in this legislation shall be taken as forcing or inducing nations to lower existing national standards of workplace safety.

(10)Each UN member nation shall ensure that within it there exist one or more adequately funded governmental bodies that can inspect work sites and ensure compliance with this act throughout its territory.

Co-Authored by UNOG

Votes For: 9,792
Votes Against: 4,965

Implemented: Sun Feb 19 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #147: Abortion Legality Convention[]

The United Nations,

REAFFIRMING Article 5 of The Universal Bill of Rights, that no one may be subjected to cruel or inhuman treatment,

RECOGNISING that both scientific and moral opinion remains, and is likely to remain, irreparably divided over the issue of at what stage human life begins,

ACKNOWLEDGING that there are many societies within the NSUN that would consider a fetus, and especially a developed fetus in the third trimester, to possess human characteristics and be deserving of special protection, whilst others would not,

REGRETTING that such divisions render global resolution over abortion unlikely,

SEEKING to establish a fair compromise:

1. DECLARES that states have the right to declare abortion legal or illegal, and to pass legislation extending or restricting the right to an abortion;

2. RECOMMENDS that in cases of rape, incest, severe fetal abnormality or where the continuation of the pregnancy poses severe medical risk to the mother, states permit abortion procedures;

3. URGES states to prevent the Intact Dilation and Extraction (IDX or 'partial birth') procedure;

4. CALLS FOR increased international research in fetal development, so as to develop greater understanding of the ramifications of abortion;

5. REMINDS states that in the absence of completely reliable contraception, there may always remain a demand for abortion, and that legalisation and regulation is more likely to provide sanitary abortion possibilities.

Authored by Gruenberg

Votes For: 8,993
Votes Against: 3,673

Implemented: Tue Mar 7 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #148: Meteorological Cooperation[]

Argument: The United Nations,

NOTING that accurate forecasting of the weather and of changes in the climate can be very useful for the agriculture, fishing, tourism and transport industries, as well as for nations’ populations in general;

NOTING that weather patterns are unlikely to fit neatly within national borders, especially when types of weather with potentially serious effects are involved, and that climate changes can have world-wide effects;

NOTING that the more information is available the more accurately weather-forecasting models can be designed and used;

REALISING that nations may be reluctant to share information about their current and predicted weather when they are at war, because that information might be of use to their enemies;

ESTABLISHES the ‘International Meteorological Organisation’ [or ‘IMO’] to collect information about weather, climate changes, and methods for forecasting these; to help develop better forecasting methods; and to disseminate this information to any cooperating UN member-nations whose governments request it;

STRONGLY URGES the governments of UN member-nations to cooperate with the IMO by supplying it with all of the relevant information that they possess;

STRONGLY URGES any governments of UN member-nations who choose to restrict the spread of relevant information during wartime to cooperate with the IMO by saving that information so that it can be sent to the IMO for research purposes after those hostilities have ended;

INSTRUCTS the IMO to cooperate with any other UN agencies that might also have an interest in the subject, such as [for example] the Natural Disaster Assessment Organisation or the Tsunami Emergency Warning Centre, within any limits set by the resolutions which created those agencies;

OFFERS the services of the IMO to any nations that are not members of the UN, if their governments are willing to pay a negotiated contribution towards its expenses and to send it all relevant information that they possess, except for any such nations that are at war with any UN member-nations;

REQUIRES that any information that the IMO has supplied to national governments shall only be passed to any subsequent users free of charge, rather than sold either by those governments or by anybody else.

Votes For: 9,727
Votes Against: 2,459

Implemented: Sun Mar 12 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #150: UN Demining Survey[]

The United Nations,

CONDEMNING avoidable civilian casualties,

COMMENDING previous law protecting civilians during and after military conflicts,

CONCERNED that landmines constitute a significant threat to civilians,

LAMENTING that this problem has not been adequately addressed,

DEFINING for the purposes of this resolution - "landmine" as a self-contained explosive device, placed on or under the ground, triggered by a person, tank, other vehicle, timer mechanism, or otherwise, with the intent to deter or disable force movements,
- "minefield" as any area in which landmines are located, or believed to be located,
- "demining" as the process of safely disabling, detonating, or removing landmines, rendering them non-hazardous:

1. DECLARES the duty of member nations to reduce and, where possible, prevent civilian casualties in minefields;

2. INSTRUCTS member nations to conduct surveys determining the location and status of all minefields within their territory;

3. RECOMMENDS that member nations take all appropriate actions to prevent civilian casualties in minefields, including:
- clear marking of minefields on maps,
- posting of clearly visible signs around minefields, using warnings in all appropriate languages,
- international cooperation in raising awareness of the location of minefields,
- advising and educating citizens on methods for avoiding casualties in minefields;

4. ADVISES member nations that responsible demining is the most effective way of reducing minefield casualties;

5. ESTABLISHES the UN Demining Survey (UNDS), mandated to:
- conduct and aid demining operations, where requested under Article 8,
- research demining technology, landmine types less likely to constitute a lasting danger to civilians, and alternatives to landmine use,
- collaborate with national and international demining agencies,
- instruct civilians on landmine safety and treatment of landmine-related injuries,
- further promote landmine safety awareness through educational and informational campaigns;

6. URGES member nations to contribute staff, expertise, information, and funding to the UNDS;

7. MANDATES that the UNDS be respectful of territorial sovereignty of member states, and that no UNDS agent enter the territory of member nations without their explicit consent;

8. ESTABLISHES that:
- member nations may request UNDS assistance in demining minefields located solely within their jurisdiction,
- for minefields located within the jurisdiction of two or more nations, UNDS demining may be requested solely for parts of the minefield under jurisdiction of requesting nations,
- requesting nations may bar specific individuals from entering their territory to undertake UNDS operations,
- requesting nations must provide UNDS agents all available information on the location of landmines, and the UNDS may refuse involvement if risks to its personnel are deemed excessive,
- storage and disposal of removed landmines and fragments is the responsibility of requesting nations, and the UNDS may refuse involvement if the requesting nation is deemed incompetent to perform such tasks.

Votes For: 9,546
Votes Against: 3,005

Implemented: Wed Mar 22 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #151: Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act[]

Believing that the benefits of the peaceful application of nuclear technology should be available to all UN nations and convinced that all UN nations are entitled to participate in the exchange of scientific information for the further development of atomic energy for peaceful purposes,

Disturbed by the possibility of widespread devastation that could occur as the result of a nuclear war and determined to reduce the danger of such a war,

Believing that the proliferation of nuclear weapons increases the danger of nuclear war,

Alarmed at the potential threat posed to international security by the acquisition of nuclear weaponry by rogue states,

Defining a nuclear weapon as a weapon that relies on nuclear fusion or fission for its destructive effect. Excluded from this definition shall be any integrated guidance, safety and security systems, or any other peripheral system not directly related to the explosive payload itself, or its detonation device(s).

The General Assembly of the United Nations hereby enacts the following:

ARTICLE I. UN member nations shall not:
(1) Directly or indirectly transfer control or ownership of nuclear weapons to or from any nation.
(2) Assist or induce any nation to manufacture or otherwise acquire nuclear weapons or control over such weapons.
(3) Seek or receive any assistance in the manufacture of nuclear weapons, other than for the purpose of improving the safety of the weapon.

ARTICLE II: Nothing in this legislation shall be interpreted as affecting the right of all UN nations to develop nuclear arms using their own technology and manufacturing capabilities.

ARTICLE III: Nothing in this legislation shall be interpreted as affecting the right of all UN nations to share technology related to safety and security systems, guidance systems, delivery systems or any other peripheral systems not directly related to the design or manufacture of the nuclear weapon itself, provided such activities are in conformity with article I of this legislation.

ARTICLE IV: Nothing in this legislation shall be interpreted as affecting the right of all UN nations to research, produce and use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes, or their participation in the exchange of equipment, materials and scientific and technological information for peaceful purposes, provided such activities are in conformity with article I of this legislation.

Votes For: 6,128
Votes Against: 5,830

Implemented: Mon Mar 27 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #152: Maritime Safety Standards Act[]

The United Nations,

DESIRING to reduce unnecessary loss of life on the seas,

BELIEVING that minimum safety standards and international harmonisation is required to prevent unnecessary deaths,

1. DEFINES 'distress', for the purposes of this document, as a situation that poses an imminent threat to the lives of the crew and passengers travelling on a vessel,

2. MANDATES that any master of a vessel within fifty nautical miles of a vessel known to be in distress assist the vessel in distress, except when another vessel that is able to assist is known to be closer to the incident, or when the master of a vessel believes that attending to the incident may endanger the safety of his own vessel or violate the neutrality of the ship in which the vessel is registered,

3. MANDATES that failure to provide assistance under the conditions of the previous clause shall be considered a dereliction of duty by the master of said vessel and that upon determination of the full facts of the matter, he shall be disciplined according to the rules of his home nation, with regards to stipulated offence,

4. FOUNDS the UN Standards Essential for All Watch Officers Responsible for Transportation, Harbourmasters, and Yachtsmen (UNSEAWORTHY),

5. MANDATES that all masters and officers of the watch of vessels over 4,000 long tons operating in international waters be certified by the nation in which the vessel aboard which they serve is registered; minimum standards for such certification to be established by the UNSEAWORTHY,

6. AUTHORISES the UNSEAWORTHY to produce information pertaining internationally recognised maritime distress signals that will encompass all possible scenario’s in which a ship may be in distress, and to ensure that the information be required in the minimum standards of certification as outlined in article 5, including but not limited to:
a) The spoken word MAYDAY, repeated where possible, transmitted via radiotelegraphic equipment;
b) Signalling SOS in Morse code by any method;

7. MANDATES that the location of newly sunken vessels that may pose a threat to shipping be made available to all relevant oceanic mapping institutes,

8. MANDATES that all ships over 4,000 long tons carry sufficient lifeboats for passengers and crew, and that all passenger vessels carry buoyancy aids for all passengers and crew to be issued in cases of emergency,

9. DESIGNATES that vessels over 4,000 long tons carry radiotelegraphic equipment or wireless communications devices,

10. MANDATES that the crew of passenger ships undergo training in overseeing the abandoning of ships in distress, and other emergency situations,

11. DEFINES a 'hospital ship' as a vessel designated to transport the wounded,

12. STRONGLY URGES that hospital ships during a time of war be painted a white livery, with highly visible appropriate internationally-recognised markings, large enough and of a colour to be clearly visible against the white livery, be displayed on both sides of the hull, on the funnels (if any), and on the forecastle and poop decks; details of such markings are to be produced by the UNSEAWORTHY and included in all masters and officer of the watch certification as outlined in 5..

13. FORBIDS the use of such markings on any ships other then hospital ships, and forbids hospital ships from carrying offensive weapons or munitions,

14. FORBIDS attacks on designated hospital ships, whose status as such has been made clear

Votes For: 8,948
Votes Against: 2,540

Implemented: Sat Apr 1 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #153: Repeal "Scientific Freedom"[]

UN Resolution #2: Scientific Freedom (Category: Free Trade; Strength: Mild) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The General Assembly of the United Nations,

COMMENDING Resolution #2 for its intent to bring forth increased freedoms,

CONSIDERING that simply stating that a country "has long stood for Scientific Freedom", as seen in this resolution, does not require anything of UN Members, nor does it urge UN Members to bring forth initiatives or commissions to promote Scientific Freedom,

ALSO CONSIDERING that Resolution #2 neither lists a clear definition or explanation as to what constitutes Scientific Freedom, nor does it provide any clear framework or plans to bring about its cause,

CONCERNED that this resolution overlooks the harmful effects of unrestricted Scientific Freedom, which would lead to numerous painful, deadly, unsafe, and unethical scientific practices being forcibly legal in all UN Member nations,

CONCLUDING that Resolution #2 does not meet the desirable standards of UN resolutions for its disregard for potentially harmful and unjustifiable scientific practices and failure to provide any clear structure in bringing about necessary Scientific Freedom,

UNDERSTANDING that the freedom of safe and ethical scientific practices should be protected for numerous purposes,

REPEALS Resolution #2: Scientific Freedom.

Votes For: 6,512
Votes Against: 5,592

Implemented: Wed Apr 5 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #154: Nuclear Energy Research Act[]

(Co-authored by Yelda)

The General Assembly of the United Nations,

APPLAUDING the passage of Resolution #151 “Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act,”

BELIEVING the benefits of peaceful atomic energy technology should be available to all UN member nations,

AFFIRMING the right of UN member nations to exchange scientific information on the peaceful application of atomic energy,

NOTING that scientific advancement benefits greatly from collaboration of scientists from multiple nations,

CONCERNED with the potentially international and devastating impact of accidents involving nuclear reactors,

ACKNOWLEDGING that current techniques for disposal of nuclear waste materials are often lacking;

RECOGNIZING the threat of terrorist attacks on nuclear reactors,

DECLARING that all UN member nations are entitled to participate in the free trade of fissionable materials used in said technological applications,

HEREBY:

1. ESTABLISHES the Nuclear Energy Research Commission (NERC), mandated to:
I - Coordinate research into safer and more efficient methods of nuclear power generation,
II - Coordinate research into safer means of nuclear waste disposal,
III - Support efforts to improve the security of nuclear plants;

2. STRONGLY URGES UN member nations to provide assistance to the NERC;

3. CALLS UPON UN member nations to conduct research into safer and more efficient methods of nuclear power generation, especially when such research is not already being conducted by other entities;

4. ENCOURAGES the sale and transfer of nuclear power generation materials and technology between UN nations;

5. REQUIRES the elimination of protectionist devices restricting the trade of nuclear power generation technology, equipment and fissionable materials, including but not limited to tariffs, duties, subsidies, subventions and quotas, within eleven years;

6. FURTHER REQUIRES the elimination of protectionist devices restricting the trade of electrical power generated by nuclear power plants, including but not limited to tariffs, duties, subsidies, subventions and quotas, within eleven years;

7. EMPHASIZES that UN member nations reserve the right to employ retaliatory tariffs towards non-member nations to prevent price dumping;

8. AUTHORIZES the United Nations Free Trade Commission (UNFTC) to arbitrate any trade disputes which may arise concerning the interpretation of this legislation.

Votes For: 9,294
Votes Against: 3,414

Implemented: Tue Apr 25 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #155: Waste Disposal Covenant[]

APPALLED at the environmental and public health risks posed by irresponsible waste disposal,

COMMENDING all efforts to minimise these risks by recycling or responsible waste disposal, yet

NOTING that the economic viability of recycling is driven by demand, technology, and other national circumstances,

REGRETTING that some nations do not possess the technology or resources necessary for responsible waste disposal,

DEEPLY AWARE of the multitude of personal and industrial waste products with different chemical characteristics, and of the variety of waste disposal techniques, most of which are only suitable for specific types of waste,

CONSCIOUS that legislation detailing specific technologies or processes is likely to be made obsolete by scientific progress,

DEFINING for the purposes of this resolution:
- 'waste' as unwanted materials of little or no value that are generated by human activities,
- 'impact' as the negative aesthetic, public health, and environmental consequences of a certain practice,
- 'waste disposal' as the collection, transport, processing, storage, disposal, and destruction of waste with the purpose of minimising its impact,

The UN:

1. ADVISES member nations that the use of recyclable or biodegradable materials in industrial production can greatly reduce the cost and impact of waste disposal;

2. ENCOURAGES member nations to create public organisations, or to stimulate the creation of private organisations, capable of performing responsible waste disposal;

3. CREATES the UN Waste Disposal Authority (WDA), mandated to:
a) Establish, publish, and regularly update:
- a description of available waste disposal techniques (WDT), outlining their impact when applied to different waste categories,
- a list of recommended WDT for each category, taking into account technological and economic constraints, and their maximum permissible impact,
- a list of 'hazardous waste' categories, which pose serious health or environmental risks, or for which no satisfactory WDT exist,
- a list of banned WDT, deemed to pose unacceptably high risks of direct impact on other nations;
b) Officially certify the WDT of entities that request it, provided they meet said recommendations;
c) Perform regular and surprise inspections of certified entities to ensure said recommendations are strictly followed;
d) Research improved WDT with reduced impact or costs;
e) Advise upon request on the best WDT for each waste category;

4. REQUESTS that member nations contribute personnel, technology, knowledge, and funding to the WDA;

5. ENCOURAGES the use of recommended WDT;

6. INSTRUCTS member nations to:
a) Prevent the use of banned WDT;
b) Impose economic and compensatory damages on any entity in their jurisdiction whose waste disposal practices are deemed to have a direct impact on other member nations, and promptly transfer collected damages to affected nations;
c) Impose, at their discretion, punitive damages or criminal charges on entities guilty of such misconduct;

7. URGES member nations to provide similar compensation to non-member nations and national entities;

8. PROHIBITS:
a) International transfer of hazardous waste without the official consent of receiving nations;
b) International transfer of waste by non-certified entities;
c) Protectionist devices, such as tariffs, duties, or quotas, on the provision of waste disposal services by certified entities.

Co-authored by the GTT

Votes For: 9,108
Votes Against: 3,547

Implemented: Sun Apr 30 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #157: Repeal "Citizen Rule Required"[]

UN Resolution #8: Citizen Rule Required (Category: The Furtherment of Democracy; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

COMMENDING the democratic intentions of Resolution #8, “Citizen Rule Required,”

NOTING that not all U.N. nations wish to be democratic,

FURTHER NOTING that Resolution #8, “Citizen Rule Required,” claims that citizen rule promotes “international peace,” which is not always true,

UNDERSTANDING that Resolution #8 fails to define which position the declaration for "citizen rule" applies to, making the resolution vague and ineffectual,

CONSIDERING that Resolution #8 does not adequately define “rouge nations,” nor how citizen rule deters said “rouge nations,”

ALSO CONSIDERING that Resolution #8 condemns certain governments, such as anarchies and dictatorships,

UPHOLDING that it is outside the mandate of this body to condemn specific political systems,

BELIEVING that member nations should decide on their own form of government at local, regional, and national levels,

REPEALS Resolution #8 “Citizen Rule Required.”

Co-Authored by: Jey

Votes For: 8,317
Votes Against: 2,416

Implemented: Wed May 10 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #158: UN Recycling Commission[]

The United Nations,

CONSIDERING recycling to be both an environmentally friendly method of waste disposal and a valuable source of tradable goods,

RECALLING its previous motion to support recycling through UN Resolution #13, "Mandatory Recycling", and the deficiencies thereof,

HENCE, ALSO RECALLING its UN Resolution #139, "Repeal "Mandatory Recycling"", and its call for a replacement,

TAKING INTO ACCOUNT the differing economic, technological and environmental circumstances of member nations,

RECOGNISING that a 'one size fits all' approach to the promotion of recycling is likely to do more harm than good,

FULLY AWARE that the development of the industrial recycling sector is vital to ensuring sufficient levels of recycling are achieved,

WISHING to expand the global market in recycled goods, in hope that such measures will stimulate industrial involvement in recycling:

1. DECLARES its support for responsible recycling practices;

2. ESTABLISHES the UN Recycling Commission, as a central data resource, through which government agencies, businesses, NGOs and individuals can:
- list resources available for recycling;
- detail planned or ongoing recycling projects;
- list recycled goods;
- share recycling methods and technologies;

3. PROMOTES international efforts in research and development of more efficient recycling methods, and in augmenting the profitability of markets for recycled goods;

4. REQUIRES member nations to:
- promote the creation of recycling schemes and facilities, of appropriate technological and economic viability;
- make every reasonable effort to separate recyclable waste materials from others, in order to facilitate efficient recycling practices;
- remove all protectionist devices in the trade of recycled goods and recycling technologies between UN nations, including but not limited to tariffs, duties, subsidies and import quotas, emphasising that member nations retain the right to employ retaliatory tariffs towards non-UN nations;
- take appropriate steps towards ensuring recycled goods and recycling technologies meet agreed safety standards;

5. AUTHORISES the United Nations Free Trade Commission to arbitrate any disputes arising from the trade of recycled goods and recycling technologies;

6. ENDORSES the practice of rewarding individual citizens and companies for separating recyclable waste materials themselves;

7. EXPRESSES ITS HOPE that plans for the development of the recycling sector will be incorporated into future multilateral trade and aid agreements.

Co-authored by Forgottenlands

Votes For: 9,077
Votes Against: 3,335

Implemented: Mon May 15 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #159: Patients Rights Act[]

NOTING that a healthy population is a more productive population and the better the overall health of citizens, the better a nation’s economy can thrive;

BELIEVING that all persons have the right to participate in the assessment of their needs, the development of their treatment plans and to receive information concerning their condition and treatment;

ASSERTING that medical professionals must be able to provide these services without government interference in the doctor/patient relationship or corruption;

FURTHER ASSERTING that patients have the right to expect confidential treatment of all communications and records about their care and the right to receive information concerning their condition and treatment;

The General Assembly of the United Nations declares that:

(I) Decisions concerning medical treatment, medical procedures and treatment options shall rest with the patient and his or her attending physician.

(II) All citizens of all UN member nations have the right to undergo any medical procedure, except where previous legislation by this body that is still in effect has granted them immunity from giving such rights.

(III) Patients may refuse treatment and such refusal shall be verbal or in writing provided that such refusal does not endanger the health of others.
(i) A physician may give emergency medical treatment without the patient’s consent if, because of the emergency circumstances, including the patient’s physical or mental state, it is not possible to obtain his consent.

(IV) Patients have the right to be given full and accurate information about the nature of their illnesses, diagnostic procedures, the proposed treatment and the costs involved.

(V) Patients have the right to know by name the persons directly and personally involved in their care.

(VI) Consultations between patients and physicians shall be held in the strictest confidentiality and shall not be made available to any third party without the consent of the patient.

(VII) Personal medical records and the contents of such records shall not be made available to any third party without the consent of the patient.

(VIII) No medical facility or physician shall discriminate between patients on grounds of religion, race, sex, nationality, country of birth, or other such grounds.

(IX) For the purposes of this legislation, "patient" may also refer to a legal guardian if the patient is under the age of 16, or is an adult unable to understand his or her rights under this Act.

(X) In cases involving adult conjoined twins who are both capable of exercising their rights under this act, acceptance or refusal of treatment shall be required of each twin. In cases involving minor conjoined twins or in instances where one or both twins are incapable of giving consent, decisions shall rest with the guardian or physician as per Articles III(i) and IX.

Co-Authored by: Waterana

Votes For: 9,124
Votes Against: 4,176

Implemented: Thu May 25 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #160: Rights of the Disabled[]

The United Nations, noting that...

1) Disability is defined, for the purpose of this resolution, as a mental or physical impairment that has an adverse effect on one’s ability to carry out normal day-to-day activities as long as the adverse effect is substantial and the adverse effect is long-term (meaning it has lasted for at least 12 months, or is likely to last for more than 12 months or for the rest of one’s life);

2) People with physical, mental and developmental disabilities should be fully entitled to participate fully in all societies and should be guaranteed full and equal rights;

Hereby MANDATES that:

1) All disabled persons shall be free from all forms of negative discrimination in institutions open to the public on the basis of their being disabled, except in cases where said discrimination is strictly necessary due to the nature of the disability;

2) All disabled persons shall have the right to an education comparable to that of their non-disabled peers, the exception being where limitations require a special education program that can teach necessary life skills;

3) All disabled persons shall have the right to be as independent as possible given the nature of their disability, including independent living, community-based living or group homes that provide a sense of dignity to the person with a disability;

4) All public buildings shall make a reasonable effort to provide access to their facilities for people with disabilities;

5) All disabled persons shall have access to relevant health care and assistive technology that could increase their independence and productivity, including accessible voting technology and workplace technology where applicable;

6) The UN Commission on Access for the Disabled (UNCAD) shall be created, consisting of medical professional, disability activists and other appropriate experts as determined by the UN, to make recommendations and information available regarding the disabled and integration of the disabled into society available to nations, organizations and individuals that request it, as well as to enforce the provisions of this proposal.

This proposal shall not be construed in any way to deny disabled persons access to any additional services provided by individual nations to them, nor shall it be construed to excessively disregard cultures, traditions or economic viability in the nations of the UN.

Votes For: 8,933
Votes Against: 3,805

Implemented: Tue May 30 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #161: Repeal "Replanting Trees"[]

UN Resolution #23: Replanting Trees (Category: Environmental; Industry Affected: All Businesses) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

UNDERSTANDING the good environmental intentions of resolution #23, "Replanting Trees,"

EMPHASISING that this repeal is not an attempt to make it easier for companies to deforest trees wantonly,

NOTING that trees are measured by a numbered count and not in acres making the proposal very vague and ineffectual,

FURTHERMORE NOTING that it only states that the responsibility of replanting the trees is held by the person or the enterprise who cut them down and makes no obligation for the individual or the enterprise to ensure that the replanted trees are able to grow and that there is no power to enforce that the trees are able to grow,

CONSIDERING that there may not be ample land to replant the required amount of trees available,

ALSO CONSIDERING that no reason is given as to why the trees should be replanted and that all this resolution achieves is wasting the money of each nation,

NOTING that the resolution makes no allowances for any trees cut prior to the resolution passing,

CONSIDERING that, under this resolution, it is possible to cut down small batches of trees numbering below five acres and not replant, thereby rendering the resolution virtually useless,

STATING that the resolution makes no allowances for different varieties or types of trees grown, thus allowing companies to destroy biodiversity,

NOTING that no allowances are given for the deforested area to recoup in certain nutrients after the deforestation,

DEEMING Resolution #23 to be an ineffectual and inconsiderate resolution which fails to accomplish its goals,

REPEALS Resolution #23: Replanting Trees.

Co-Authored by: Jey

Votes For: 6,764
Votes Against: 4,832

Implemented: Fri Jun 9 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #162: Repeal "Legalise Euthanasia"[]

UN Resolution #43: Legalise Euthanasia (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: RECOGNIZES that the issue of Euthanasia is a difficult issue in which good people may, and often do, disagree.

ARGUES that euthanasia proposes to eliminate suffering by eliminating the one who suffers. Euthanasia violates the principle that each human being has intrinsic dignity and value, regardless of age, physical or mental condition, or state of dependency.

ACKNOWLEDGES this repeal will not prohibit Euthanasia in any nation, but permit it to be a daily issue in which a nation may decide this issue for themselves.

RECALLS Resolution #147 "Abortion Legality Convention" in which the controverial issue of abortion was taken out of the jurisdiction of the United Nations and returned to nations to decide. Euthanasia is a similar issue that should not have the world body mandate how every nation should believe.

FURTHER ARGUES The United Nations should be able to welcome nations that have differing opinions on controversial issues such as this one. The original vote on this resolution was 10,810 (for) to 10,031 (against). Such an obviously divisive issue should not be mandated upon nations one way or the other. Resolution #43 does exactly that.

REPEALS Resolution #43 "Legalize Euthanasia"

Votes For: 8,478
Votes Against: 5,258

Implemented: Wed Jun 14 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #163: UN Copyright Convention[]

The United Nations,

NOTING that the greatest value in intellectual property is the creative or investigative work used to create it, not the medium on which it is demonstrated or displayed,

BELIEVING that creators of intellectual property should be able to have control over the distribution and display of their work,

NOTING that many nations already have copyright laws in place, but these laws can vary immensely and do not apply to other nations,

AFFIRMING that an international convention on copyrights would guarantee copyright owners control over their work, and thus

CONCLUDING that an international convention on copyrights would give authors an incentive to market their work both internationally and nationally, improving economies through increased trade,

1. DEFINES, for the purpose of this resolution:
a. "intellectual property" as any work of mainly creative value that is of original authorship and is fixed in a tangible expressive medium;
b. "copyright law" as law which grants exclusive property rights to the creator of a particular form of intellectual property and provides protection to those rights;
c. "fair use" as a use or reproduction of intellectual property in educational institutions for educational purposes, for private/personal use, for use in critical articles or reviews, or for parodies, provided that such use does not excessively infringe on the rights and profits of the copyright holder;
d. “legal entity” as a sentient being or corporation;

2. DECLARES that the copyright law of each nation shall apply to the distribution, demonstration, expression, and use of intellectual property in that nation, regardless of where the work was originally published or created or the citizenship of the author;

3. MANDATES that national copyright law must provide at least as much protection as the following:
a. No legal entity or government may print, display, demonstrate, reproduce, or store in an electronic system any intellectual property without the consent of the copyright holder for a period extending until at least thirty years after the death of the author, or, in the case of a corporation originating the copyright, at least sixty-five years after the work was placed in tangible form, except under the exceptions for fair use;
b. National copyright law must not discriminate in favor of domestic works;
c. Except as provided in this clause, application of copyrights must take place automatically at the time that the work was first placed in tangible form, with no statutory formalities required for protection. Nations may impose additional requirements for securing copyright, but these may apply only to works created within that nation by its own citizens;

4. DECLARES that copyright holders may license use of intellectual property to any or all legal entities under any terms they desire, but that all people reserve the rights to use the work under the pertinent national copyright law;

5. DECLARES that copyright holders may, if they wish, put their work into the public domain, at which time it is free for anyone to use for any purpose, with or without attribution;

6. DECLARES that copyrights may be held by any person or legal entity, and may be transfered or sold, but that the original author of the work must always have rights to use his work.

Co-authored by Ausserland.

Votes For: 8,227 Votes Against: 4,059

Implemented: Thu Jun 29 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #165: Repeal "The 40 Hour Workweek"[]

UN Resolution #59: The 40 Hour Workweek (Category: Social Justice; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

BELIEVING that individuals have the right to choose to work for more than 40 hours per week should they so wish;

OBSERVING that every country has differing, complex socioeconomic conditions;

RECOGNISING that the UN is not as informed as national governments on economic circumstances prevalent in individual nations, and is as such less well placed to effectively accommodate their varying needs;

CONCERNED that "The 40 Hour Workweek" unfairly restricts the economic progress of developing countries, and of small businesses within more developed countries;

BELIEVING that terms and conditions of employment are best decided through negotiations between employees and employers;

FURTHER BELIEVING that the United Nations should where possible not interfere in private negotiations;

CONCLUDING that key economic decisions should be taken at the level where those closest to the issue at hand have the greatest information and understanding of differing economic conditions:

REPEALS "The 40 Hour Workweek".

Co-authored by the members of ACCEL

Votes For: 9,494
Votes Against: 3,854

Implemented: Sun Jul 9 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #166: Freedom of Scientific Research[]

The United Nations,

RECOGNISING the many benefits of scientific research such as medical drugs, procedures and practices, more environmentally friendly technologies, more efficient and effective time-saving devices,

BELIEVING that scientists should be able to research any legal topic without undue restrictions on the research or the results of that research,

UNDERSTANDING that scientific advances that are made for the betterment of the life of any persons should be available to all UN nations,

The General Assembly hereby:

1. DEFINES for the purpose of this resolution:
- "scientific endeavour" as any scientific theory, procedure, law or any goods derived from scientific research within that UN Member nation, not including any weapons, weapon components, weapon systems, blueprints or technologies whose purpose is of a destructive nature,
- "scientific research" as one or more experiments carried out under the methodology of the Scientific Method to gain data and test a hypothesis,
- "scientific equipment" as any equipment used to aid in scientific research.
- "areas of research" as any topic, methodology or practice that is to be researched or can be used during the research process,
- "scientist" as any person performing scientific research in an honest and straightforward manner with both the government as well as any person taking part in the scientific research,

2. ENCOURAGES nations to promote research into any legal area of research without placing unnecessesary restrictions on that research or any scientific endeavours resultant from such research,

3. MANDATES that governments take the following steps to facilitate scientific research by:

a. ensuring that there are no unnecessary restrictions for buildings where scientific research is performed, apart from restrictions that ensure safety of the building, the people in it and the environment around it,

b. ensuring that obtaining adequate scientific equipment is not prohibited or excessively hampered by government regulations, excluding circumstances where there are specific and substantial safety issues involved,

c. reevaluating restrictions on materials used during scientific research and remove or loosen restrictions on as many materials as it is safe to do so,

4. STRONGLY ENCOURAGES governments to streamline policies and procedures for the legal exportation of scientific endeavours, taking into account international and national Intellectual Property laws,

5. REITERATES governmental rights to determine whether certain areas of research are legal or illegal within their sovereign territory,

6. REITERATES governmental rights to regulate or prohibit distribution of explosives or other dangerous materials, such as radioactive isotopes, that may be used during scientific research, given that these dangerous materials are not prohibited by international legislation.

Authored by: Bazalonia

Votes For: 9,232
Votes Against: 3,201

Implemented: Fri Jul 14 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #167: International Emergency Number[]

WHEREAS the world is more interconnected than ever before, and,

WHEREAS travel between nations is also at a high level, and,

WHEREAS while abroad, persons may require the services of the relevant emergency services, including but not limited to ambulance, police and fire services, and,

WHEREAS different nations have different methods for contacting these emergency services, and,

BELIEVING that lives and property can be saved and protected by introducing an international emergency number throughout the United Nations,

NOW THEREFORE, the United Nations enacts as follows:

1. Member nations shall cause the dialing of "112" on any telephone or similar communication device to redirect to the emergency response service, if such service does not already use that number.

2. Member nations will not be required to change the telephone number of their existing emergency response services.

3. Member nations will ensure that no preferential treatment is accorded based on the number dialled to contact emergency response services.

4. This resolution shall not require member nations which do not already have emergency services or such communication devices to establish or introduce them.

Votes For: 9,531
Votes Against: 3,521

Implemented: Wed Jul 19 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #168: UN Counterterrorism Initiative[]

BELIEVING that the deliberate killing and maiming of innocent civilians by terrorists is a despicable and heinous crime;

CONVINCED that terrorism that is conducted, instigated, supported or aided across national borders is a valid and critical concern of the international community;

FURTHER CONVINCED that concerted international action is required to stem this menace, and;

BELIEVING that terrorism conducted by or on behalf of recognized governments is a complex issue best addressed by separate legislation related to the laws of war,

The United Nations

1. DEFINES, for the purposes of this resolution, terrorism as the use or threatened use of violence by persons or organizations other than national governments for the purpose of achieving political, religious or ideological goals by primarily and deliberately targeting members of the civilian population;

2. DEFINES, for the purposes of this resolution, a civilian as a person who is (1) not a member of a military, paramilitary or law-enforcement organization of a nation, or (2) a member of such an organization, but not under arms or performing military duties or functions;

3. DEFINES, for the purpose of this resolution, international terrorism as terrorism that is conducted, instigated, aided, or abetted by persons or groups from outside the borders of the nation in which it takes place;

4. CONDEMNS all acts of international terrorism;

5. DECLARES that every state has a duty to refrain from organizing, assisting or participating in international terrorism or acquiescing in activities within its territory which further such acts.

6. MANDATES that all member states shall:

A. Criminalize and suppress the financing, solicitation of, planning, preparation for, aiding, and perpetration of international terrorism;

B. Freeze, without unnecessary delay, funds and other assets of persons who commit, conspire to commit, or demonstrably intend to commit or facilitate the commission of international terrorist acts, of entities owned or controlled directly or indirectly by such persons, and of persons and entities acting on behalf of or at their direction in this regard. Nations shall develop legal mechanisms to ensure that proper due process is provided in such cases where appropriate, but shall ensure that action is taken quickly enough to prevent removal of liquid assets from their jurisdictions.

C. Refrain from providing any form of support, active or passive, to entities or persons participating in international terrorism;

D. Deny, to the best of their ability, safe haven or refuge to those who finance, organize, support or engage in international terrorism;

E. Afford one another the greatest practicable assistance in connection with criminal investigations and legal proceedings related to international terrorism.

7. URGES all member states to cooperate in suppressing international terrorism and in taking action against it though administrative and judicial means and the exchange of intelligence, especially regarding the actions and movements of international terrorists, the use of forged or falsified travel documents, the use of communications technologies by international terrorists, and traffic in arms, explosives, or other sensitive materials – particularly weapons of mass destruction – by international terrorists.

8. SUPPORTS the commitment to address significant causes of terrorism, such as poverty, inadequate education, etc.

Votes For: 8,359
Votes Against: 3,910

Implemented: Mon Jul 24 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #169: Child Pornography Prohibition[]

The United Nations,

Horrified by the involvement of children in the pornography industry,

Reaffirming its support for freedom of speech, expression, and media,

Recalling Clause 2 of Resolution #138, "Artistic Freedom", and its provision that work that directly harms others does not constitute protected work,

Further recalling its previous Resolutions #22, "Outlaw Pedophilia", and #25, "The Child Protection Act",

Saddened that there are those who would produce material that does harm others, especially where such harm is sexual, and involves minors,

Determining that such material is not protected from restrictions of production and distribution,

Resolving to adopt a strong stance against child pornography in all forms, and work towards eliminating this moral cancer,

Imploring all UN members to think of the children:

1. Defines for the purposes of this Resolution:
- "child pornography" as any explicit representation of real or simulated sexual acts performed by a child, or any explicit image of the sexual organs of a child, for primarily sexual purposes;
- "child" as any person below the legal age of consent in their nation of nationality;

2. Requires member nations to prohibit:
- the possession, production, distribution and trade of child pornography;
- any act of coercing a child to participate in the production of child pornography;
- the trade of children for the purposes of the production of child pornography;

3. Requires member nations to institute appropriately tough penalties for such criminal acts;

4. Promotes international cooperation in: - the capture of and facilitation of appropriate legal proceedings against those suspected of involvement in the child pornography trade;
- the seizure, and appropriate further action, such as shipment for the purposes of use as evidence, and thereafter full destruction, of all child pornography;
- the extradition of those suspected of involvement in the child pornography trade for questioning and trial;
- the identification and repatriation of children taken abroad through the child pornography;
- the sharing of information on known child pornography producers and distributors between law enforcement agencies;

5. Supports all efforts at providing for the wellbeing and recovery of victims of child pornography.

Votes For: 11,641
Votes Against: 1,358

Implemented: Sat Jul 29 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #171: UN Educational Aid Act[]

The United Nations,

Firmly convinced that a high quality of education is worth securing for all people,

Acknowledging that some nations, especially those with developing economies or poor infrastructure, or these experiencing problems of internal stability, may experience understandable difficulties in providing such services,

Determined to help all people achieve access to education, and to work with, rather than against, nations and institutions encountering particular problems in this regard:

1. Proclaims it the duty of nations to ensure opportunities for education and training are reasonably accessible for all their nationals, and especially for children and young adults;

2. Declares its support for all projects aimed at increasing the availability of good, free or affordable educational services;

3. Condemns all forms of unfair and unreasonable discrimination with national educational systems, and motions for effective remedies to such;

4. Promotes schemes such as distance learning courses, part time adult education universities, and opportunities for deferred study, to ensure that those with jobs, young children or other responsibilities are able to benefit from the opportunities of education;

5. Establishes the "UN Educational Advancement Fund" (UNEAF) to:
- solicit voluntary donations from national governments, charitable and other organizations, and individuals;
- organize international conferences on educational methods, relevant technologies, academic subjects, and any other relevant topics;
- act as a point of liaison for any international academic or educational projects seeking assistance in the acquisition of funding, resources or membership;
- provide funding for research projects, infrastructure development programs, academic journal distribution and any other approved academic or educational programs, where approved by both an independent advisory council to the UNEAF, and the national government(s) of any nation(s) receiving such aid;

6. Entrusts nations with the right and responsibility to decide on the structure of their public education systems and the role of private institutions, mandatory, encouraged and prohibited subjects, skills and course elements in educational institutions, and the financing of educational programs, subject to previous UN legislation still in effect;

7. Encourages nations to ensure a sustainable supply of good teachers, educators, instructors and other educational professionals, through:
- providing small bursaries and grants to those seeking to train as educational professionals;
- ensuring reasonable pay and benefits for those working in the public education sector;
- engaging in the creation of opportunities for those in other industries to retrain and enter the educational profession;
- rigorously checking such applicants for history of violent or sexual abuse, especially involving children, and prevent any applicants who are considered a significant risk to children from obtaining teaching posts;

8. Also recognises that education is not solely an institutional prerogative, and as such requests that nations respect the importance of family and community education programs and teaching systems, formal or otherwise.

Votes For: 11,250 Votes Against: 2,307

Implemented: Sun Aug 20 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #172: Help Prevent Ozone Depletion[]

For too long humans have been emitting chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which effect the ozone that protects us. Most of CFCs come from the industry. If CFCs continue to be emitted we will not have enough ozone to protect us.

Ozone protects us, it prevents the majority of UV(Ultra-Violet) rays from reaching our surface. Too many UV rays and you get skin cancer.

The Ozone is depleted so much over the south pole and the north pole that almost 100% of UV rays reach the surface.

If we don't stop emitting CFCs the 'hole'(area of significantly depleted ozone) will continue to grow until it covers the entire earth.


Therefore all businesses must reduce emitions of CFCs by 50% within five years and 90% within thirty years. It is still possible for businesses to work effectively even though they have to reduce the amount of gas they release.

If there is a reduction in CFCs, the ozone will stop depleting, there will be a significant reduction in skin cancer and therefore a reduction in medical costs. It will also help endangered animals as animals suffer from the same problem.

Basically by reducing CFC emitions we make the world a better place.

Votes For: 9,028
Votes Against: 6,191

Implemented: Fri Aug 25 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #173: Repeal "Definition of Marriage"[]

UN Resolution #81: Definition of Marriage (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Mild) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: This resolution goes too far. It mandates what a constitutes a "marriage" with no respect for a nation's religious beliefs, or societal structure.

The last line is also disturbing: "FURTHER RECOGNIZES all nation's right to expand this definition beyond species borders as the individual governments see fit."

This is an endorsement of beastiality, and it should have no business being in the UN. Therefore, we shall hereby strike "Definition of Marriage," knowing that the individual nations know best what is a marriage and what isn't.

Votes For: 8,776
Votes Against: 5,767

Implemented: Wed Aug 30 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #174: Orbital Space Safety Act[]

Noting the enlarging amount of obsolete satellites, space vehicles, spent rocket casing and other debris currently in orbit around inhabited planets for reasons including, but not limited to, various nations space races, orbiting weapons platforms, exploration of space, deliberate dumping of junk into orbit and visiting space faring nations jettisoning their refuse.

Further noting this debris presents a danger to all nations, whether they use orbital space or not, and worried about the possible loss of life and/or property that could occur when some of this junk survives re-entry, and crashes onto the planet, or collides with working equipment in orbit, manned or unmanned.

Convinced measures to clean up this orbital space debris are necessary to protect life and property of all nations. This will work to promote international co-operation between nations of all technological levels, reduce the economic impact caused by nations losing working equipment to collisions with space junk, and ensure orbital space can be utilized by all in as safe and equal a manner as possible.

Mandates:

1 – All UN nations are responsible for any form of equipment put into orbital space by that nation. This includes anything launched by government and/or private agencies. Nations that use another nation’s facilities for launch purposes are still ultimately responsible for their own equipment.

2 - All UN nations with equipment in orbital space must be able to identify any equipment launched from or by their nation, whether by government or private agencies, and must immediately accept responsibility for any piece of their equipment that poses a danger, at the time it is identified as a danger.

3 – All nations with equipment in orbital space must take immediate proactive measures to repair, retrieve or destroy safely any piece of their equipment that is identified as space junk and identified as posing a danger to their own and/or other nation’s people or property. Nations may delegate direct and/or financial responsibility for dealing with said equipment down to private agencies within that nation at their own discretion.

4 – Nations that have equipment in orbital space are responsible for any and all costs incurred in dealing with their own space debris. If you can afford to build it and put it up there, you can afford the clean up.

Strongly encourages all nations with equipment in orbital space to co-operate with each other and share information and technology both to reduce the amount of space debris currently in orbit, and to improve methods of repair, retrieval or safe destruction of malfunctioning equipment in the future.

Urges all UN nations to work together to clean up unidentifiable and/or small space debris currently in orbital space, as much as they are technologically and/or financially able to assist, to ensure a cleaner, safer, environment for those nations with equipment and/or personnel in that environment, to reduce the possibility of objects damaging working equipment, and to reduce the danger of large pieces of debris falling back to the planet.

Encourages space faring nations to offer their services to assist with the disposal of orbital space debris. Payments and terms of contracts for these jobs will be at the discretion of the nation concerned to negotiate with the customer(s).

Votes For: 10,523
Votes Against: 3,108

Implemented: Mon Sep 4 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #175: Individual Working Freedoms[]

The United Nations,

Strongly reaffirming its commitment to individual liberty,

Believing that individuals should be as free as possible from undue government interference in making decisions governing their personal lives,

Convinced that the issues of when, how often, and for how long an individual works should remain an issue for private negotiation between employer and employee,

Recalling the repeal of Resolution #59, "The 40 Hour Workweek", and the reasons therein given for the weaknesses of the prior document,

Dissenting from the view that one standard working week can be determined as a universal diktat, given the diversity of national economies, the particulars of industries working on cyclical, seasonal or other irregular working patterns, and the varying conditions, demographic, environmental, developmental, and otherwise, of member nations,

Considering any attempt to impose a "one size fits all" manacle of working time constriction as a grossly unfair abrogation of individual freedoms,

Desirous of reaching a fair compromise on the issue:

1. Requires member nations to grant their people the greatest possible degree of freedom in determining their terms of employment, with specific regard to working time;

2. Calls upon member nations to respect the rights of individuals to be free to make choices about their terms of employment, and equally of individuals to seek representation or counsel during such negotiations;

3. Mandates the removal of working time regulations that serve only to reduce individual liberty, and that unfairly remove decision-making power from the individual level;

4. Reserves the right of nations to choose whether to set specific regulations on workweeks and working time in the general public interest, so long as such regulations do not unduly abridge the freedom of individuals in deciding their terms of employment;

5. Endorses policies aimed at delegating decisions concerning working time regulations to the most local level possible;

6. Promotes a healthy harmony of national and individual rights in economic decision-making.

Votes For: 7,812
Votes Against: 6,595

Implemented: Sat Sep 9 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #176: Repeal "Keep The World Disease-Free!"[]

UN Resolution #9: Keep The World Disease-Free! (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The General Assembly of the United Nations,

AWARE of the need for the prevention of diseases and for hygienic standards throughout member nations,

COMMENDING Resolution #9: Keep The World Disease-Free!, for its intentions to bring about disease prevention and hygienic standards in all member nations,

HOWEVER CONSIDERING that Resolution #9 fails to accomplish its goals to bring about stronger hygienic standards by not including any effective methods to do so, and only stating that citizens "should" be given the right to certain hygienic items,

FURTHER CONSIDERING that Resolution #9 fails to bring about the containment of diseases through increased access to vaccinations by directly stating that "[the vaccinations] don't have to be mandatory",

UNDERSTANDING that Resolutions #20 "'RBH' (Required Basic Healthcare) Replacement", #67 "Needle Sharing Prevention", and #77 "Epidemic Prevention Protocol" collectively provide UN member nations with declarations to bring about better hygienic standards as well as disease prevention,

CONCLUDING that Resolution #9 is not only unenforceable and void of actionable language, but its intentions are also covered by numerous amounts of passed legislations,

REPEALS Resolution #9: Keep The World Disease-Free!

Votes For: 10,597
Votes Against: 2,710

Implemented: Tue Sep 19 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #177: Repeal "Support Hemp Production"[]

UN Resolution #85: Support Hemp Production (Category: Environmental; Industry Affected: All Businesses) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

AGREEING in principle with UN Resolution #85, "Support Hemp Production", that hemp is 'a profitable and environmentally friendly crop',

CAUTIOUS, however, of the resolution's effusive praise of hemp, offering no mention of any of the disadvantages of the hemp crop,

HIGHLIGHTING, for example, that hemp can only be harvested at specific times, whereas many other crops can be harvested throughout the year, thus making the use of hemp in processes requiring large, regular harvests considerably more difficult,

DISAPPOINTED that the resolution introduces no checks or balances in the creation and operational running of hemp advisory boards, thus rendering the process very open to corruption, unfair apportionment of funds, or the dissemination of unsuitable advice,

CRITICISING the system of stipends and subsidies proposed by the resolution, and the poor logic of such a scheme,

OBSERVING that if hemp is indeed as profitable and commercially viable as the resolution claims, such support would be unnecessary, wasteful, and would endanger competition,

FURTHER OBSERVING that if the projects did not prove viable and did in fact require such support, tax-payers would be forced to contribute large sums of money solely to keep unprofitable enterprises afloat,

APPALLED that such a burden would be placed not only upon tax-payers within specific nations, but on all UN member nations, through the mandate for the UN to contribute funds to such projects,

BELIEVING that government-enforced bias towards particular crops to be unfair as well as impractical, as it discourages specialisation and development of resources, and could lead to wasteful excess of certain crops and shortages of other essential varieties, especially those used towards the production of food,

FURTHER NOTING that placing special emphasis on one single crop risks ecological and economic catastrophe in the case of specific crop diseases, climate conditions or pest attacks affecting that crop;

CONSIDERING such flaws too critical to justify retaining the resolution and its bureaucratic, inefficient and wasteful system of finance:

1. REPEALS UN Resolution #85, "Support Hemp Production";

2. AFFIRMS that this repeal will not prohibit any nation from continuing such programs on a national level should they choose to do so, noting that their right to implement such schemes would remain protected by the UN under Resolution #128, "Representation in Taxation".

Co-authored by the members of ACCEL

Votes For: 9,311
Votes Against: 2,815

Implemented: Sun Sep 24 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #178: Outlaw Necrophilia[]

The NationStates United Nations,

DEFINING necrophilia, for the purposes of this resolution, as any unauthorized sexual act, performed on a deceased individual,

DISTURBED by the occurrence of necrophilia within the member nations of the UN,

NOTING that a corpse is incapable of consent, and that such lack of consent is why rape is commonly considered an inappropriate act,

OBSERVING many cases of emotional damage to the families of deceased individuals in cases of necrophilia,

RECOMMENDS that member nations outlaw the desecration of corpses,

STRONGLY ENCOURAGES member nations to punish those guilty of corpse desecration to the fullest extent of the law, and,

CALLS UPON member nations to provide counseling and medical care for those engaging in acts of necrophilia.

Votes For: 8,526
Votes Against: 6,028

Implemented: Sat Sep 30 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #179: Freedom of Assembly[]

The NationStates United Nations,

CONVINCED that the expression of different political opinions is crucial to the democratic process,

TAKING NOTE of article 3 of its resolution The Universal Bill of Rights, which grants individuals the right to peacefully assemble,

APPALLED that in some extreme cases the expression of these opinions has moved from political expressions into actual physical acts, sometimes resulting in harm to other people or the destruction of public or private property,

AWARE that the reaction towards the harm of others or the destruction of public or private property has been to not only restrict these acts, but to also discourage the expression of extreme differences in opinion and to prohibit the formation of political opposition groups,

1. REAFFIRMS the equal right of individuals to freely express any opinions in a political process, provided that these opinions do not result in harm to other people or to public or private property without consent,

2. ASSERTS that individuals should have the right to freely assemble with others who share even extreme political views in appropriate venues, in order to better work within domestic and international political systems in a peaceful way,

3. CONFIRMS that the right to assembly includes the formation and coordination of political opposition organizations, which should be permitted to advocate radical changes in their existing government or political system,

4. CONDEMNS any political organization that advocates harm to other people or to public or private property as a means to spread terror or to gain political influence,

5. CALLS UPON political organizations to seek political change through peaceful means, and

6. ENCOURAGES national governments to open their elections and political process to any political organization that is seeking to voice its opinions through peaceful means.

Votes For: 9,338
Votes Against: 4,153

Implemented: Thu Oct 5 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #180: Fair Sentencing Act[]

The United Nations,

Reaffirming its intent to ensure for all those accused of criminal acts fair legal proceedings,

Believing that all those tried for criminal acts deserve the right to sentencing by a competent judicial body, whether judge, jury or other, able to consider the specific conditions of the case,

Realizing that in many cases, there may be extenuating circumstances, whereby individuals with similar offences may require different sentences, and therefore full consideration of all relevant factors is needed,

Recognising that different societies treat crime and punishment in different ways, and adopt different attitudes to which sentences may be appropriate:

1. Requests that member nations ensure their legal processes are fair and just;

2. Declares the right of nations to determine for themselves the sentences for violations of laws committed within their jurisdictions;

3. Calls for the creation of independent and accountable bodies capable of overseeing and reviewing sentencing decisions;

4. Recommends that nations devolve sentencing powers to the level most capable of taking into account all relevant considerations.

Votes For: 9,597
Votes Against: 4,066

Implemented: Tue Oct 10 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #181: Repeal "Establish UNWCC"[]

UN Resolution #114: Establish UNWCC (Category: Social Justice; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE UNITED NATIONS

ACKNOWLEDGING the principle of the basic Human Right to sanitary water;

APPLAUDING the efforts of the authors of UN Resolution #114, “Establish UNWCC”;

CONCERNED, however, with the validity of the scientific arguments used in support of UN Resolution #114, specifically:
A) The claim that “sewage and waste water pumped in from surrounding areas” can serve as a reliable source of safe drinking water.
B) The further claim that artificial oases and reserves using “hydroponic plants” can adequately cleanse the wastewater and sewage, making it safe for human consumption.

UNCONVINCED that these methods represent the most efficient and economical means of delivering safe drinking water, particularly in developing nations and areas where sanitary sewage systems are non-existent;

FURTHER, believing that there are more conventional and scientifically proven methods of providing safe drinking water;

HEREBY repeals UN Resolution #114, “Establish UNWCC”.

Votes For: 9,812
Votes Against: 3,455

Implemented: Sun Oct 15 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #182: Marriage Protection Act[]

RECOGNISING the wide-ranging differences among UN member governments in how they define and recognise marriage and civil unions within their jurisdictions;

NOTING that some member nations are theocracies that will only recognise unions performed in accordance with the doctrines of their religions and that some member nations do not have any provisions of law recognising formal union between persons, and

BELIEVING that any attempt to impose a definition of marriage as a UN standard, to be applied to all member nations, would be extremely difficult due to these wide ranging differences, and that to do so could cause serious problems for those nations with unusual marriage laws and customs;

The United Nations

DECLARES that it is the right of all UN member nations to define and regulate marriage and civil union within their own borders as they see fit.

ASKS each UN member nation to respect and recognise the marital status of international visitors, even if it does not recognise that status with regard to its own population.

STRONGLY URGES all UN member nations who do recognise marriage or civil union within their nations to apply all laws governing them equally and fairly to the whole population, without discrimination or prejudice.

CONDEMNS the practice of forced marriage between non-consenting individuals.

Co Authored by Ausserland.

Votes For: 11,301
Votes Against: 3,260

Implemented: Fri Oct 20 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #183: Chemical Transport Standards[]

WHEREAS chemicals are a widely traded commodity;

WHEREAS no current standards exist for the identification or transportation of chemical substances;

WHEREAS the variety of nations in the UN may have myriad means of identifying and transporting chemical substances;

The United Nations;

BELIEVING that a lack of standards regarding the identification and transportation of chemical substances is a severe safety hazard;

1. ESTABLISHES the United Nations Hazard Rating (UNHR). The UNHR is a rating for common hazards of chemical substances. The UNHR includes the following information:
i) A flamability rating of 0 to 4, where 0 indicates a small flamability risk, and 4 indicates a high flamability risk;
ii) A health risk rating of 0 to 4, where 0 indicates a small health risk, and 4 indicates a high health risk;
iii) A reactivity risk rating of 0 to 4, where 0 indicates a small reactivity risk, and 4 indicates a high reactivity risk;
iv) A special notation to indicate specific risks, such as, but not restricted to an exceptionally high reactivity to water, or for strong oxidizers;

2. ESTABLISHES the United Nations Chemical Transportation Commission (UNCTC). The following are the UNCTC's duties:
i) To compile a list of, and define hazardous materials;
ii) To enumerate the list of hazardous materials, using the Arabic numerals (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9), using twelve digits for each substance. These 12-digit numbers will be known as Chemical Identification Numbers (CIN);
iii) To prescribe minimum requirements for the safe transportation of hazardous materials;
iv) To compile a list of all other chemical substances and assign a CIN to each. A new CIN is to be assigned to differing isomers and isotopes of substances with identical chemical makeups;
v) To determine the UNHR for the substances as described in sections 2i and 2iv;

3. MANDATES i) That UN member nations comply with the UNCTC's requirements and employ the UNCTC's CINs when transporting substances over international borders and international waters;
ii) That containers containing hazardous materials are clearly marked as such, on all faces of the containers. These markings will include the UNHR and CIN for the substance held within the container;
iii) That, under non-emergency circumstances, no substances shall be placed in a container that is marked for another substance;
iv) That, under non-emergency circumstances, no containers shall be vandalized, or mislabeled to misrepresent the substances contained within, or their potential hazard risks;
v) That UN member nations inform non-member nations that shipments that do not comply with the above four clauses may be turned away in the interest of the safety of the receiving nation;

4. EMPHASIZES that this Resolution does not mandate any changes to the current intranational systems being used by member nations;

5. ENCOURAGES member nations to implement the measures set forth by this Resolution in their own national transportation systems.

Votes For: 10,477
Votes Against: 2,973

Implemented: Wed Oct 25 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #184: Sustainable Agriculture Center[]

The United Nations,

-A- Affirming the importance of sustainable agriculture for our societies,

-B- Defining “Sustainable Agriculture” as a global agriculture achieving all of the three following goals:
- Sufficient and healthy food for population’s need
- Environmental stewardship
- Good living conditions and prosperity for farmers and farms,

-C- Convinced that, in order to achieve these ambitious goals, the best of both traditional techniques and new technologies have to be used with a sensible, critical, secure and ethical approach:


-1- ESTABLISH the UNSARC « UN Sustainable Agriculture Resource Center » for the purpose of collecting, sharing, educating and studying sustainable agriculture techniques and experiences in member nations, via UNSARC national branches in interested nations and free internet resources and forums;


-2- PROMOTES by its UNSARC agency the following:

-2.1- Water-saving management systems such as drip irrigation (drop by drop) or surge irrigation (intermittent application of water),

-2.2- Traditional rain-harvesting systems such as reservoirs, tanks, wells or johads (small earthen check dams build across a slope that capture and conserve rainwater), their shading to decrease evaporation and collective projects to build them,

-2.3- Crop rotation practices and polyculture to decrease pests (insects, weeds, pathogens …) and soil depletion,

-2.4- Scientific researches for more-biodegradable and less toxic pesticides (insecticides, herbicides, bactericides …) and ecological biological ones,

-2.5- The sensible use of pesticides for agriculture (as for road maintenance) along with small predators animals in order both to protect crops and avoid soil degradation,

-2.6- Land distribution to farmers, in particular in areas with labour intensive agriculture

-2.7- The suppression of animal carcass in livestock feeding;

-2.8- The mitigation of new cultivated areas gained over forests


-3- CHARGES the UNSARC with studying the safety and effects of artificial hybrid crops (the result of interbreeding between two varieties) and GM crops (Genetically modified crops) and with giving recommendations on this matter following the principles below:

-3.1- The tractability of GM crops and the labelling of genetically modified food,

-3.2- The need of security testing for new hybrid and GM crops; in particular those with an insect resistance trait,

-3.3- The encouragement of scientific researches for new safe hybrid and GM crops with a disease, drought, floods, heat or cold resistance traits or with added vitamin

-3.4- The refusal of sterile GM crops (so called terminator technology) in the wild,

-3.5- The awareness that hybrid and GM crops with an herbicide resistance trait may induce damageable over-use of herbicides,

-3.6- The need for hybrid and GM crops with an insect resistance trait for “refuges” (a 20% belt of non-hybrid or non-GM crops inside any hybrid or GM crop parcel),

-3.7- The even greater importance of crop rotation practices and polyculture whith hybrid and GM crops.

Co-authored by CR Oscilloscopes

Votes For: 8,834
Votes Against: 4,534

Implemented: Mon Oct 30 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #185: Repeal "Hearing Impaired Aid Act"[]

UN Resolution #170: Hearing Impaired Aid Act (Category: Social Justice; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

Strongly reiterating the sentiment of its Resolution #170, "Hearing Impaired Aid Act", that 'Everyone, including the disabled needs a chance for a good life in society',

However disagreeing that a resolution such as "Hearing Impaired Aid Act" is an effective means by which to secure the rights of the hearing impaired to greater opportunities,

Further noting its extreme distaste for the assertion that the hearing impaired are "more vocal" and somehow therefore more deserving of legal entitlement,

Disgusted that such views should be included in a resolution of increasing equality for all, regardless of the nature of their impairment,

Recalling its Resolution #160, "Rights of the Disabled", and especially its operative clauses 2, 4 and 5,

Observing that "Rights of the Disabled" has already placed upon UN members substantial obligations to facilitate equality of access to public services for the disabled, including those with disabilities related to hearing and communications,

Specifically noting that access to public buildings, adaptation of public education courses, and provision of health care and assistive technology, are already mandated by "Rights of the Disabled",

Hence acknowledging that the provisions of "Hearing Impaired Aid Act", whilst commendable, are wholly redundant by virtue of the passage of the previous, superior resolution, the steadfast commitment to which is now reiterated,

Considering one advantage of "Rights of the Disabled" to be that it covers a wider scope, and does not resort to excessive micromanagement of domestic issues, as "Hearing Impaired Aid Act" regrettably does,

Believing it in the interests of the UN and its members to strike out redundant and superfluous legislation,

Remaining supportive of all attempts to promote the rights of the hearing impaired, and the disabled in general, and thus considering the possibility of resolutions focussing on other areas, such as sign language, research in medical technologies, or political enfranchisement:

1. Repeals "Hearing Impaired Aid Act";

2. Reminds all UN members of their obligations to provide for the hearing impaired under UN Resolution #160, "Rights of the Disabled".

Votes For: 10,747
Votes Against: 2,138

Implemented: Thu Nov 9 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #186: Repeal "Public Domain"[]

UN Resolution #60: Public Domain (Category: Free Trade; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The General Assembly,

Noting the passage of United Nations Resolution #60, 'Public Domain',

Acknowledging that the establishment of the public domain and mechanisms to place a work into the public domain are important parts of copyright law,

Unconvinced of the case for requiring that member States place their government works into the public domain, when the use of liberal licences provide similar social benefits,

Deeply concerned that the resolution places freeware and shareware works into the public domain, when traditionally these licences allow authors to maintain copyright while permitting free distribution of their works,

Condemning the hardship the resolution has caused for shareware authors who had relied for their income on works published prior to the passage of the resolution,

Noting that clause 5 of United Nations Resolution #163, 'UN Copyright Convention', make the other provisions of the resolution redundant,

1. Repeals United Nations Resolution #60, 'Public Domain';

2. Urges delegates to consider existing definitions and usage when defining terms in future resolutions.

Votes For: 10,360
Votes Against: 2,529

Implemented: Tue Nov 14 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #187: UN Fair Wage Convention[]

RECOGNIZING the right of all workers to receive fair compensation for their labor;

RECOGNIZING the current absence of UN legislation addressing wages and compensation;

CONCERNED that in many nations the working poor, especially women, infants and children, suffer most from this lack of legislation;

CONVINCED of the need to rectify this situation;

RESOLVED to help ensure the right to fair wages for all workers;

The General Assembly of The United Nations hereby ordains that:

(I) For the purposes of this legislation, wage is defined as any compensation, monetary or otherwise, which workers receive in exchange for their labor.

(II) All UN nations are strongly encouraged to enact legislation:

(i)Guaranteeing fair wages as appropriate for their nation, taking into account local economic conditions and standards of living.
(ii)Establishing an enforcement mechanism as deemed appropriate for their nation.
(iii)Providing for the collection and study of relevant economic data to be used in determining appropriate wages in their nation.

(III) Factors to be considered when calculating fair wages should include the cost of food for one worker and one dependent, housing for one worker and one dependent, local utilities (gas, water, electricity, telecommunications, etc.), schooling for one dependent and reasonable and appropriate discretionary spending.

(IV) Wages shall not be denied for time worked.

(V) Wages shall be paid on a regular basis not to exceed 30 days in duration.

(VI) Exemption may be granted for organizations which operate on a not-for-profit basis and whose members or employees voluntarily participate on an unpaid or reduced pay basis. Examples of this type of employment would include, but not be limited to, charitable organizations and organizations which operate sheltered workshops for the disabled, etc.

(VII) The United Nations Wage Adjustment Advisory Commission is hereby established to provide guidance and assistance to UN member nations in determining appropriate wages in their individual nations. The Commission shall be empowered to make recommendations and provide assistance to national governments in matters concerning wage related legislation and policies.

(VIII) It is affirmed that UN nations shall retain the right to make final decisions in all matters concerning wages and compensation, taking into account local economic conditions and factors affecting the economic well-being of all their citizenry.

Votes For: 7,419
Votes Against: 5,024

Implemented: Fri Nov 24 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #188: Repeal "World Heritage List"[]

UN Resolution #37: World Heritage List (Category: Environmental; Industry Affected: Woodchipping) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations

COMMENDING the effort of UNR#37 (The World Heritage List) to protect the global environment;

DISMAYED that UNR#37 fails to stipulate how to classify locations as being of environmental significance;

DISTRAUGHT that there is no system by which the World Heritage List is to be maintained;

CONCERNED that UNR#37 does not specify what protective measures are to be taken, and by whom;

LAMENTS that UNR#37, despite its mention environmentally damaging activities, is narrowly targetted at only the woodchipping industry;

SEEKING an opportunity to pass more effective legislation in replacement;

HEREBY REPEALS UNR#37 The World Heritage List.

Votes For: 10,436
Votes Against: 2,697

Implemented: Mon Dec 4 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #189: Repeal "Due Process"[]

UN Resolution #27: Due Process (Category: The Furtherment of Democracy; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

AWARE of the widely varied judicial systems within member nations;

RECOGNIZING that there are many viable alternatives to the grand jury system;

NOT CONVINCED that this particular judicial system is inherently more fair, or more likely to produce correct verdicts, than other viable systems;

BELIEVING that nations should have the opportunity to select the method of bringing criminal charges which best suits their cultures and legal systems;

DISMAYED that if significant new evidence is acquired acquired after the initial trial, no retrial would be possible;

THEREFORE repeals UNR#27 "Due Process"

Votes For: 9,405
Votes Against: 2,842

Implemented: Sat Dec 9 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #190: Mutual Recognition of Borders[]

The United Nations,

-A- OBSERVING that border disputes and claims by more than one nation over a territory are significant sources of wars and cause excessive damage to international cultural, economic, humanitarian and scientific relationships:


-1- REQUIRES every member to recognize officially and definitely their currently undisputed international borders with other UN members and the undisputed international borders shared amongst UN members;

-2- ESTABLISHES the Committee for Mutual Recognition of Borders (CMRoB) to help members who want to (i) clarify their borders and (ii) seek neutral third party mediation;

-3- URGES members to seek neutral third party mediation, such as the CMRoB, for peaceful, fair and balanced solutions, during current and future border disputes;

-4- APPLAUDS AND ENCOURAGES all efforts by nations in the world to mutually, officially or definitely recognize their international borders and all efforts to peacefully resolve related disputes;

-5- URGES members to establish border crossing points with other members with whom they share a border, in order to increase international cultural, economic, humanitarian and scientific relationships.


NB: A territory, or a part of it, may belong to several nations, in the case that these nations are each in a different plane (or another dimension) of our NS multiverse.

Co-authored by Ceorana

Votes For: 7,208
Votes Against: 5,351

Implemented: Thu Dec 14 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #191: UN Drug Act[]

The United Nations,

UNDERSTANDING the differences of opinions within member states regarding the legality of recreational drug use;

DEFINES for the purposes of this resolution, a "recreational drug" as a chemical substance whose primarily purpose is to act upon the central nervous system where it alters brain function, resulting in temporary or permanent changes in perception, mood, consciousness and/or behavior;

1) URGES UN member states to legalize the practice of individual consumption, cultivation, preparation, and possession of recreational drugs, given that these actions pose no threat of harm to any individual other than the user, especially for the following uses:

a. Religious, spiritual, philosophical or other related purposes;

b. Medicinal benefits, such as medicinal marijuana;

2) AFFIRMS the right of UN member states to determine their own laws with regard to the legality of any activity involving recreational drugs, including but not limited to the consumption, cultivation, preparation, possession, exchange, and distribution of recreational drugs by any individual or group of individuals, within their own jurisdiction;

3) STRONGLY URGES states to illegalize the practice of deceiving or coercing others into using drugs, except when administered legally for medicinal purposes by an authorized individual;

4) REQUESTS that those states which allow responsible recreational drug use to support organizations and initiatives for voluntary rehabilitation of those affected by drugs, education on responsible drug use, and prevention of illegal and harmful acts resulting from drug use;

5) URGES states to ensure that their populations have easy access to scientifically accurate, value-neutral information concerning the effects of recreational drug use, especially if such use is legal within the state, and that suppliers of said drugs are not allowed to make false claims about them.

Votes For: 6,389
Votes Against: 5,231

Implemented: Sun Dec 24 2006

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #192: Sexual Privacy Act[]

The United Nations,

RECOGNIZING the inherently private nature of sexual intimacy, and

DESIRING to guarantee an individual's right to such privacy,

1. DEFINES sexual activities, for the purpose of this resolution, as behavior, in the form of consensual physical intimacy, that may be directed to reproduction, spiritual transcendence, or sexual gratification. Excluded from this definition are acts that result in the death or serious injury of a participant.

2. FURTHER DEFINES, for the purposes of this resolution, an adult as an individual who has reached the legal age of consent, as defined by the law of the nation in which the activity takes place.

3. BANS the criminalization of any form of sexual activity provided that, a) it is performed in privacy, and b) all participants are consenting adults.

4. FORBIDS governments, their agents and agencies from interfering with, conducting surveillance on, or investigating the private, consensual sexual activities of adults, subject to the exemptions below.

5. EXEMPTS from clause 4:

a. Obtaining evidence for determination of paternity,

b. Collecting information for epidemiological investigations,

c. Criminal or civil investigative activity where probable cause has been established requiring such information, and

d. Actions in situations where there is probable cause that death or serious bodily harm will result without immediate intervention.

Votes For: 9,771
Votes Against: 2,323

Implemented: Tue Jan 9 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #193: Extraordinary Rendition[]

The United Nations,

Recognising the obligations incumbent upon member states to refrain from the use of torture,

Affirming the importance of maintaining a strong stance against all applications of torture,

Seeking means to further eliminate the potential for international complicity in acts of torture,

Deeply concerned by the practice of 'extraordinary rendition', whereby persons are rendered to foreign jurisdictions for the express purpose of having torture conducted,

Believing extraordinary rendition to be a subversion of international law and a significant threat to international human rights,

Determined to prevent member states from any form of involvement in this practice,

1. Defines, for the purposes of this Convention, torture as any act of physical or psychological violence perpetrated against persons for the purposes of coercion, intimidation, punishment, interrogation or the obtaining of information or forced confession;

2. Prohibits member states from any involvement in the rendering of persons to foreign jurisdictions if there is probable cause to believe they would be subject to torture.

Votes For: 8,306
Votes Against: 4,272

Implemented: Sun Jan 14 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #194: No Ex Post Facto Laws[]

Believing that ex post facto laws are violations of both the rule of law and the right of persons to fair treatment by the criminal justice system;

Asserting that one should not be penalised for doing something that is not prohibited by law;

Further, asserting that there can be no crime committed, and no punishment meted out, without a violation of the law as it existed at the time;

The General Assembly of the United Nations hereby:

Defines, for the purposes of this resolution, an ex post facto law as one that retroactively changes the legal consequences of acts or the legal status of facts and relationships that existed prior to the enactment of the law. This includes laws that criminalize acts which were legal when committed and laws which retroactively increase sentences for crimes already committed;

Declares that:

(I) No person may be charged with or convicted of a criminal offense because of any act or omission unless, at the time of the act or omission, it constituted a criminal offense under the law of the jurisdiction in which the charge is brought or under international law.

(II) No nation or governmental subdivision thereof shall enact any law with ex post facto provisions. Any ex post facto provisions in existing laws shall be rendered null and void.

(III) Any persons under sentence as a result of ex post facto laws shall have their sentence for any ex post facto offenses nullified and their criminal record expunged of these ex post facto offenses.

Votes For: 10,325
Votes Against: 2,238

Implemented: Fri Jan 19 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #195: Healthcare Certification[]

RECOGNIZING that many poorer nations are struggling, due to lack of funds, to provide needed health care services for their citizens;

NOTING that many richer nations would be willing to donate money for the purpose of helping to provide such care, but hesitate due to the possibility of corruption and misuse of the money, and

BELIEVING that nations willing to provide adequate health care services, but needing help from the international community to provide it, should receive that help, but must agree to measures that ensure the money is being spent in the appropriate area;

The United Nations

DEFINES health care services as any service provided to further the health and/or well being of citizens, including but not limited to hospitals, clinics, disabled care services, training of medical personnel, sanitary facilities, acquisition and/or distribution of medicine(s), public health education programs, vaccination programs, specialised medical and/or surgical services, purchase of equipment and the building and/or maintainence of necessary infrastructure.

ESTABLISHES the Care Certification Team, or CCT to collect donations from willing nations and private donors, distribute funds to nations who request it on an as needed basis, and monitor the use of the funds to ensure that the money is properly spent on the health care sector without redirection or abuse.

1. Negotiate an agreement with each potential receiving nation on basic standards for care, tailored to the nation's needs and ensuring that said nation receives enough money to achieve its goals. A receiving nation may negotiate an agreement to cover as much or as little of its health care activities as it wants and needs.

2. Work with each receiving nation to ensure that all aspects of the nation's own culture and religion are fully respected.

3. Inspect or evaluate the funded services in receiving nations 6 months after the initial donation to ensure that the agreed-upon standards are being met and that the funds are being properly spent to improve heath care services. If all standards are met, the receiving nation will be certified to receive further donations on a regular basis.

4. Carry out unannounced inspections at irregular intervals to ensure continuing compliance with the agreed-upon standards.

REQUIRES that, if a receiving nation fails or refuses to meet the standards agreed upon, the CCT shall suspend disbursement of funds to that nation. The CCT may, at its sole discretion, continue to disburse funds if the nation is making a good faith effort to comply with the standards.

AUTHORIZES the CCT to reduce or cancel disbursements to nations which become capable of funding their own health care activities. Receiving nations may voluntarily withdraw from this program if the contributed funds are no longer needed or wanted.

URGES all UN member nations to provide adequate health care facilities in their communities, and maintain them at an acceptable international standard, taking advantage of this program if needed.

ENCOURAGES nations and private donors to channel international donations through the CCT to promote proper expenditure of funds.

Co-authored by Ausserland

Votes For: 8,209
Votes Against: 2,877

Implemented: Wed Jan 24 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #196: Repeal "UN Educational Committee"[]

UN Resolution #54: UN Educational Committee (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

Strongly identifying with the principles of promoting quality in education espoused in UN Resolution #54, "UN Educational Committee",

Taking note of the passage of UN Resolution #171, "UN Educational Aid Act", and specifically its creation of a UN Educational Advancement Fund,

Recognizing that while committees can serve useful functions, assigning two to oversight of UN educational projects is not only excessive, bureaucratic and wasteful, but further poses the risk of creating confusion and inefficiency,

Believing the UNEAF to be a generally better model than the UNEC, given the latter's powers are poorly delineated, and no provision is made for funding of its projects,

Realizing that UNEC's functions are more than sufficiently performed by UNEAF,

Thereby considering that UNEC has been relegated to the status of another useless committee,

Wishing to clarify the UN's objectives, increase its efficiency and streamline its operations, through the elimination of committees that serve no purpose other than to drain member resources,

Repeals "UN Educational Committee".

Authored by the members of ACCEL

Votes For: 9,814
Votes Against: 1,943

Implemented: Mon Jan 29 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #197: Continuity Of Government[]

The General Assembly of The United Nations,

ALARMED by the possibility that war, terrorist acts and/or natural disasters could lead to the deaths of numerous UN member delegations;

CONCERNED that widespread loss of these member delegations would lead to a disruption of the normal functioning of the United Nations;

DETERMINED to ensure that the United Nations continues to function in the event of any man-made or natural disaster which results in the death or incapacitation of significant numbers of its member delegations;

HEREBY enacts the following:

1. All member nations will designate an official within their government who shall immediately have the authority to function as an acting UN ambassador in the event of the unexpected death, disappearance or incapacitation of the their permanent UN representative.

2. All member nations will maintain a list of qualified individuals who would be immediately available to fill vacancies in critical positions on their UN delegations.

3. All member nations will establish procedures to ensure that an acting UN delegation will be assembled in a timely manner.

4. Acting delegations shall be vested with full authority to exercise their respective nations' UN powers and privileges until such time as a permanent delegation is appointed by their government.

Votes For: 7,909
Votes Against: 3,752

Implemented: Thu Feb 8 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #198: Emigration Rights[]

RECOGNIZING that, within the many varied cultures of the United Nations, people may at times have reason to leave their nation of residence in the pursuit of refuge, opportunity, or escape from persecution or injustice;

WISHING to establish that right in international law;

The General Assembly of The United Nations:

1 - DECLARES it a right of persons to emigrate from their nation of residence;

2 - MANDATES that member nations must refrain from hindering the emigration of persons from their nations;

3-SPECIFICALLY EXEMPTS from that mandate and declared right persons who are either undergoing ongoing legal proceedings or any subsequent sentence; those below the age of consent within their home nation who lack consent of parent(s) or guardian(s); those mentally incapable of making such decisions; those who would pose a public health risk; those whose presence is required by a court of law; or those being held as prisoners of war during times of conflict;

4 - STRONGLY ENCOURAGES member nations to facilitate the travel of persons fleeing hostile situations including, but not limited to, war, civil unrest, ethnic or racial persecution, or governments that are viewed as oppressive or unethical by the fleeing persons, to locations that are more friendly towards the person;

5 - EMPHASIZES that this resolution in no way affects the policies of any member nation concerning entry into its sovereign territory;

Co-Authored by: Yelda

Votes For: 8,230
Votes Against: 3,835

Implemented: Tue Feb 13 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #199: Repeal "Free education"[]

UN Resolution #28: Free education (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The General Assembly of the United Nations,

COMMENDING Resolution #28 for its efforts to bring about widespread education availability throughout member nations;

HOWEVER CONSIDERING that Resolution #28 fails to bring about its intended purpose by providing absolutely no mandate to do so, and simply providing the clause "To give every person under the age of 18 the right to a free education";

FURTHER CONSIDERING Resolution #28's complete lack of: any form of educational standards, references to the type(s) of education to be provided, or financial considerations regarding nations' abilities to provide said education;

BELIEVING that the age of 18 is an inappropriate threshold for international legislation, given the existence of a wide range of sapient species that exist in certain member nations' populations;

UNDERSTANDING that Resolution #171: UN Educational Aid Act fully addresses many concerns of educational standards throughout member nations, including, but not limited to, declarations to help: ensure educational opportunities, support projects for educational services, strike out unfair education practices, and provide financial assistance for various education initiatives through the UN Educational Advancement Fund;

ALSO UNDERSTANDING UN Educational Aid Act's entrustment of nation's rights to "decide on the structure of their public education systems and the role of private [education] institutions";

DEEMING Resolution #28 as an ineffectual resolution with no actionable language for UN members, whose concerns over education within the United Nations are widely addressed within other legislation;

REPEALS Resolution #28: Free education.

Votes For: 7,524
Votes Against: 3,643

Implemented: Sun Feb 18 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #200: Radiological Terrorism[]

The United Nations,

Concerned by the threat of terrorist organizations or individuals developing and deploying radiological weapons,

Aware that while radiological dispersion devices are of little military use, they could cause massive disruption if detonated in areas of dense population,

Noting that radiological material that could plausibly be weaponised has wide legitimate application in industry, medicine and research,

Determined to prevent the acquisition of components of radiological weapons by terrorists without restricting their legitimate use,

1. Defines, for the purposes of this resolution:
- a radiological weapon as one whose function is the dispersion of radiological material, but which does not achieve critical mass;
- radiological material as radioactive material which might reasonably have application in construction of a radiological weapon;

2. Prohibits the development, possession, use or transfer of radiological weapons, and any efforts to facilitate or assist in such;

3. Further prohibits the transfer of radiological material to known or suspected terrorists, or to third parties likely to facilitate such transfers;

4. Requires member nations to monitor the activities of any groups operating within their jurisdictions when there is probable cause to believe that they are involved with radiological terrorism;

5. Encourages the sharing of intelligence on such groups, as well as on other risks such as unaccounted-for radiological material;

6. Recommends that member nations prepare emergency response plans in case of radiological attack, including such measures as immediate medical response and continuity of government;

7. Suggests that member nations ensure that emergency response personnel are appropriately trained and equipped to deal with radiological terrorism, such as in the disarming of suspect devices or the provision of required medical aid;

8. Promotes responsible practices and application of appropriate security and control measures in all aspects of research, industry and services using radiological material;

9. Encourages all reasonable measures to detect unauthorised radiological material, such as radiation sensors at ports and major transportation hubs.

Votes For: 7,158
Votes Against: 4,883

Implemented: Fri Feb 23 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #201: Repeal "Hydrogen Powered Vehicles"[]

UN Resolution #18: Hydrogen Powered Vehicles (Category: Environmental; Industry Affected: Automobile Manufacturing) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: COMMENDS the good intentions of the original resolution in seeking to develop new sources of fuel for cars,

RECOGNISES that effort needs to be made to reduce dependency on non-renewable energy sources,

NOTES that many economically developing nations do not use polluting vehicles on a large scale,

OBSERVES that such nations are therefore unlikely to significantly contribute to air pollution through vehicle emissions,

FURTHERMORE NOTES that the development of hydrogen fuel cells is technically difficult and expensive,

OBSERVES that Resolution #18 requires economically developing nations to duplicate the effort made and expense incurred by nations that are in a much better technological position to conduct the research,

REASONS that such funds would be spent more effectively elsewhere on areas such as healthcare and education,

EMPHASIZING that automobile manufacturers are already required to contribute 1% of their profits towards the development of alternative fuels under Resolution #39, "Alternative Fuels", and that this would include hydrogen powered vehicles,

FURTHER EMPHASIZES that a comprehensive emmission reduction program covering all industries is mandated by UN Resolution #126, "Fossil Fuel Reduction Act",

CONCLUDES that the funding of expensive duplicate technologies by economically developing nations is illogical, unnecessary, and harmful to developing nations,

and REPEALS UN Resolution #18 Hydrogen Powered Vehicles

Co-authored by Members of Wall Street

Votes For: 8,335
Votes Against: 3,369

Implemented: Wed Feb 28 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #202: Repeal "UN Biological Weapons Ban"[]

UN Resolution #113: UN Biological Weapons Ban (Category: Global Disarmament; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations;

RECONGNIZING the intent of UNR#113 "UN Biological Weapons Ban";

NOTING that UNR #113 includes such things as the common cold and flu, but does not include non-contagious infectious agents such as anthrax, which enables nations to exploit this oversight and develop biological weapons using such non-contagious infectious agents;

CONCERNED that giving control of all biological research facilities to the military within member nations is excessive and would come at a great cost to the nations civil liberties and economies;

DISTURBED that the resolution severely hinders legitimate research of countermeasures to biological attack;

BELIEVING that the united nations can find better ways to convince non-member nations to refrain from using biological weapons through more diplomatic means than by severing and refusing alliances with them;

HEREBY repeals UN Resolution #113 "UN Biological Weapons Ban", in order to make room for more comprehensive legislation.

Votes For: 8,877
Votes Against: 2,960

Implemented: Sat Mar 10 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #203: UN Economics Prize[]

The United Nations,

RECOGNISING the importance of understanding and studying economics,

NOTING, in particular, the skills and knowledge acquired from such studies,

CONVINCED that by drawing attention to the field of economics the UN can promote the worldwide study of economics,

SEEKING to accomplish the noble goals of promoting the study of Economics and raising the profile of contributions to the field of Economics,

HEREBY:

1) Establishes the United Nations Economics Prize which will be awarded to the person, or persons, responsible for the greatest contribution to the field of Economics over the past year,

2) Creates the United Nations Awards Committee (UNAC) to determine the annual winner of this Prize,

3) Mandates the UNAC to award the prize based on the following criteria:

i) The work must be international in scope,
ii) It must have effects beyond the contributors' own nation(s),
iii) The work must have the potential to improve the lives of people in all UN Member nations if implemented.

4) Encourages private donors to fund a monetary reward for the prize.

Votes For: 7,630
Votes Against: 3,344

Implemented: Tue Mar 20 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #204: UN Bio Agent Convention[]

The United Nations

COGNIZANT of the extraneous hazards and risks inherent in the use of biological weaponry;

RECOGNIZING the unpredictable and indiscriminate nature of such weaponry and the inherent risks that they pose to combatants and non-combatants alike;

REALIZES that the proliferation of biological weaponry will lead to an increasing threat to international peace and security;

DECIDES that banning the use of biological weaponry will be more effective at protecting national and international peace than allowing them will;

Therefore

1-DEFINES Biological Agent as any infectious microorganism that is capable of producing lethal or debilitating disease and that has reasonable potential for military application;

2-DEFINES Biological Weapon to be a weapon system or component thereof that is specifically designed for the purpose of delivery or dispersal of a biological agent or agents;

3-DECLARES that such weapons and agents are unnecessary for the defense of a nation, and carry too much risk of collateral damage to be effectively utilized in any capacity;

4-MANDATES that member nations shall not develop, acquire, or possess, such weapons and agents; nor shall member nations assist other nations, organizations, or individuals, in the development, acquisition, or deployment of such weapons and agents, except as provided in Article 7 below;

5-OBLIGES member nations to prohibit and take active steps to prevent non-state entities operating within their jurisdictions from development, acquisition, possession, trafficking or deployment of such weapons and agents;

6-REQUIRES that all such agents currently possessed by member nations for weapon use, whether stockpiled or currently in weapons, be diverted to peaceful purposes, or destroyed, through sterilization or other forms of neutralization, with all reasonable haste, and using the safest possible procedures;

7-PERMITS member nations to research, individually or collectively, such biological agents for peaceful purposes, including, but not limited to, the creation of vaccinations and treatments, the production and testing of decontamination measures, the production of medical countermeasure materials, or other strictly peaceful purposes, provided that appropriate and effective measures are taken with regard to safety and security;

8-ENCOURAGES member nations to engage in diplomatic discussion with non-member nations with the aim of reducing any biological weapons stockpiles outside the remit of this ban;

Votes For: 7,556
Votes Against: 3,045

Implemented: Sun Mar 25 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #205: Repeal "UN Patent Law"[]

UN Resolution #156: UN Patent Law (Category: Free Trade; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: RECOGNISING the desirability of harmonising international patent regulations; however,

CONVINCED that the harm of a patent should not be greater than the corresponding public benefit; and,

CONCERNED by the failure of the UN Patent Law to provide exceptions for vitally important items, such as lifesaving medicines, which has caused lives to be lost due to the unaffordability of patented medicines and the constraining of UN member nations from independently carrying out the production of such medicines; and,

BELIEVING that the international patent system contains inherent flaws, that it poses impediments to the welfare of the people of the world and to economic efficiency, that other incentive systems besides monopoly profits are possible, and hence that it should not be uncompromisingly enforced upon the world;

NOW THEREFORE, the United Nations, in council assembled,

ABOLISHES the United Nations Patent Registry; and,

REPEALS Resolution 156, "UN Patent Law".

Votes For: 6,336
Votes Against: 4,660

Implemented: Fri Mar 30 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #206: Repeal "Sexual Freedom"[]

UN Resolution #7: Sexual Freedom (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

ASSERTING that the citizens of member nations have the right to sexual privacy as declared in Resolution #7 “Sexual Freedom”,

NOTING the passage of Resolution #192 “Sexual Privacy Act”,

OBSERVING the indefiniteness of the phrase “except for medical reasons” used in Sexual Freedom, as opposed to the detail given in Sexual Privacy Act,

CONSIDERING that Sexual Freedom lacks an exception for criminal or civil investigative activity, while Sexual Privacy Act contains this reasonable and necessary exception,

WORRIED that the accurate definitions and additional exception in Sexual Privacy Act are useless with the continued presence of Sexual Freedom and its uncertain and subjective phrasing, and will remain so until Sexual Freedom is fully rendered null and void;

CONVINCED that Sexual Freedom is no longer necessary, as Sexual Privacy Act guarantees both sexual freedom and privacy,

INTENDING to streamline the operations of the United Nations by eliminating resolutions that are extraneous and hinder those that better serve the aims of this organization;

REPEALS Resolution #7 "Sexual Freedom"

Votes For: 8,611
Votes Against: 1,980

Implemented: Mon Apr 9 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #207: Cultural Heritage in War[]

The United Nations,

Believing that notable articles of cultural heritage constitute a legacy for all people,

Noting the heightened risk to such articles during armed conflict,

Convinced that the preservation of cultural heritage for all is a goal both worthy of and requiring international action and agreement,

Equally not wishing to unduly infringe upon the sovereign territory and right to self-defence of its member nations:

1. Defines, for the purposes of this resolution, "cultural heritage" as:
- articles of great cultural value, and especially those bearing archaeological, artistic, historical or religious significance;
- areas and buildings primarily used for the storage and display of such items, such as galleries, libraries and museums;
- sites officially recognised as being used solely for archaeological excavation;
- any other articles agreed on by parties to the armed conflict as protected cultural property, or designated as such in international law;

2. Declares that this resolution shall be considered to apply in times of armed conflict, which shall include:
- armed conflict between two or more state parties;
- civil war recognised as such by both internal and external parties;
- armed insurrection or civil disturbance leading to a declaration of a state of emergency;

3. Requires member nations to refrain from, and prevent to the best abilities their forces and the civilian populations of areas under their control from engaging in:
- the deliberate and targeted destruction or damage of cultural heritage, except where such articles are being used for military purposes by opposing forces, or where damage to such articles is unavoidable, or necessary for the preservation of military or civilian life;
- the desecration, vandalism, theft or taking as reparations of cultural heritage;
- the use of sites of cultural heritage for any military purposes, excepting the treatment of casualties;

4. Condemns all acts in contravention of this resolution and calls upon member nations to investigate, try, and where found guilty punish those involved in such acts.

Votes For: 8,184
Votes Against: 3,450

Implemented: Thu Apr 19 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #208: Maritime Neutrality Covention[]

The United Nations,

REALISING that merchant shipping is considered a legitimate target in warfare,

BELIEVING, however, that unrestricted attacks on merchant shipping, particularly neutral shipping or within neutral waters, can lead to international repercussions or otherwise hazard non-belligerent shipping and civilians,

NOTING that belligerent warships may require the use of neutral ports for repairs and maintenance,

The UN hereby,

1) a)DEFINES “neutral shipping” as merchant vessels registered in non-belligerent nations during a time of war;
b) FURTHER DEFINES "merchant vessels" as non-offensively armed/unarmed vessels carrying cargo or passengers,

2) DEFINES “national waters”, for the purposes of this document, as the seas or ocean within the 12 nautical miles adjoining a national coastline; where a body of water is less then 25 nautical miles wide, a one nautical mile channel equidistant from the coastlines is to be considered as international waters,

3) DEFINES a “warship” as an offensively armed vessel, be it surface vessel or submarine, operating under the authority of a national government or international alliance;

4) PROHIBITS a warship, except in the case of persistent refusal to stop on being duly summoned, or of active resistance to visit or search, from intentionally sinking or rendering incapable of navigation a merchant vessel, be it belligerent or neutral, without having first placed passengers, crew and ship's papers in a place of safety. For this purpose the ship's boats are not regarded as a place of safety,

5) DECLARES all merchant shipping, be it neutral or belligerent, within the national waters of a neutral nation to be inviolable,

6) PROHIBITS attacks on neutral shipping, except in the following circumstances:
a) When neutral shipping is within the national waters of an enemy nation;
b) When there is reasonable cause to suspect that the neutral ship is proceeding to an enemy port;
c) When there is reasonable cause to suspect that a merchant ship or warship of an enemy nation is displaying the ensign of a neutral mercantile marine or naval force.

7) PROHIBITS belligerent warships from entering the national waters of a neutral nation under threat of internment, except in cases of extremely inclement weather, or when entering a neutral port in order to undergo repairs urgent for seaworthiness, in which case the following must be adhered to:
a) A team of nautical experts from the neutral nation are to assess the damage to the ship and estimate the maximum time required to repair the ship;
b) No repairs are to be made that will in anyway increase the fighting efficiency of the warship. This includes, but is not limited too, repairs the weaponry, re-armament, radar, sonar and asdic equipment. Only repairs to ensure seaworthiness are permitted;
c) A belligerent warship may not leave a neutral port until twenty-four hours after the departure of a merchant ship of an adversary;
d) Should a warship be discovered not to require any repairs, overstay the time period set for repairs, or be in neutral waters without good cause, the warship and it’s complement are to be interned;
e) Should prisoners of war be present on the warship when it docks in the neutral port, the prisoners of war are to be handed over to the neutral government and interned. Such internees are not to be considered prisoners of war, however they will be entitled to the rights entitled to prisoners of war.

Votes For: 6,547
Votes Against: 3,727

Implemented: Tue Apr 24 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #209: Repeal "Banning whaling"[]

UN Resolution #70: Banning whaling (Category: Environmental; Industry Affected: All Businesses) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: 1): NOTING the passage of United Nations Resolution #119, UNCoESB;

2): FURTHER NOTING article 7 of UNCoESB which bans all hunting of endangered species, in addition to other provisions which ensure the survival of endangered species;

3): EXPRESSING its gratitude for the protection granted by Resolution #70 in the intermediate period before the passage of Resolution #119;

4): CONVINCED that Resolution #70 is rendered redundant by the protections provided in Resolution #119;

5): BELIEVING that the removal of unnecessary legislation is in the best interests of the member nations of the UN;

6): THE UNITED NATIONS hereby repeals United Nations Resolution #70, Banning whaling.

Votes For: 6,209
Votes Against: 5,893

Implemented: Fri May 4 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #210: Forest Management[]

The United Nations,

AWARE of the importance of forested ecosystems;

ACKNOWLEDGING economic benefits of forest industries and products;

NOTING environmental and economic problems, such as erosion, loss of biodiversity, and declining production and value of wood products that result from over-logging and other poor forestry policies and practices;

REQUIRES the utilization of scientifically sound forestry management as developed and widely recognized by forest preservation and production organizations;

MANDATES that:

1. Commercial forest activity be undertaken only after long-term tenure and use rights to the land and forest resources are clearly defined, documented and legally established;

2. Forest management operations maintain or enhance the long-term social and economic well-being of forest workers and local communities;

3. Forest management operations encourage efficient use of the forest’s multiple products and services to ensure economic viability, as well as environmental and social benefits;

4. Forest management operations conserve biodiversity and its associated values, water resources, soils, and unique and fragile ecosystems and landscapes, and, by so doing, maintain the ecological functions and integrity of the forest. Such techniques include, but are not limited to:

a. avoidance of clear cutting, except where necessary as a means of conservation, regeneration or diversification,
b. incorporation of soil depletion prevention in all logging activities,
c. encouragement of diversity of native tree species, including maintenance of natural forest life-cycles
d. accommodation of threatened species in forest harvest plans, including preservation of natural habitats;

5. Management activities in high conservation value forests maintain or enhance the attributes which define such forests. Decisions regarding high conservation value forests shall be made with a precautionary approach. Attributes of high conservation value forests include, but are not limited to:

a. pristine or near-pristine condition
b. presence of endangered plant species,
c. habitat provision to endangered animal species
e. high value for eco-tourism;

6. Timber plantations be planned and managed in accordance with requirements of this and all other applicable UN resolutions. Plantation forests should complement the management of, reduce pressures on, and promote the restoration and conservation of natural forests;

7. A management plan--appropriate to the scale and intensity of the operations--clearly stating the long-term objectives of management, and means of achieving them, shall be written, implemented, and kept up-to-date by all forest management operations;

8. Monitoring shall be conducted by an appropriate national agency--one charged with environmental responsibility--in conjunction with the World Woodland Protection Team (WWP), established under UNR#66, and other relevant agencies (e.g. UNCoESB), and will assess forest condition, product yields, products chain of custody, management activities and their social and environmental impacts;

CHARGES the WWP to serve as an educational resource, providing guidance in preservation, reforestation, sustainable forest management, and other relevant topics, in addition to its other duties;

URGES member nations to work with local populations to eliminate use of slash-and-burn agricultural practices;

ENCOURAGES adoption of no-net-deforestation policies.

Votes For: 8,624
Votes Against: 3,261

Implemented: Wed May 9 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #211: Establishment of ICPIN[]

The United Nations,

Aware that criminal activities often span multiple jurisdictions,

Alarmed by the prospect of criminals attempting to cross national borders in order to escape justice,

Realizing that many nations employ multiple law enforcement agencies with differing mandates and fields of specialisation, which may not have direct correlations in other nations, making international cooperation between these agencies and others difficult,

Recognising the importance of international communication in tackling crime and apprehending criminals:

1. Promotes cooperation between member nations in the apprehension of criminals, particularly international fugitives, the suppression of criminal activities, and the sharing of intelligence concerning criminal activities and their perpetrators;

2. Further encourages member nations to negotiate reciprocal agreements with others to permit law enforcement agents to enter their nation and exercise power of arrest and detention;

3. Emphasises that the decision to grant such powers remains a national prerogative;

4. Requires member nations to maintain a Central National Office (CNO) to communicate between all law enforcement agencies and other relevant authorities under their jurisdiction, and to act as a point of first contact for other national and international organizations seeking to establish lines of communication;

5. Establishes the International Criminal Police Information Network (ICPIN) to promote effective communication between nations and their law enforcement agencies, and to facilitate international operations to suppress criminal activities, especially in the fields of:
- trafficking of persons, arms, drugs, stolen goods, illegal technologies and other illegal materials,
- international terrorism,
- organized crime,
- corruption and financial crime;

6. Encourages member nations, where appropriate, to use the ICPIN as means to issue alerts, exchange information and organize efforts to apprehend criminal fugitives;

7. Declares that the ICPIN shall:
- maintain regular contact with all CNOs,
- assist in the establishment and maintenance of the CNOs of nations requesting such aid,
- facilitate communications and cooperation between national law enforcement agencies,
- distribute information and alerts to all relevant CNOs about known or suspected fugitives or criminal activities,
- cooperate with other relevant international agencies, such as the ICSI,
- compile and maintain a database of known and suspected fugitives, international criminal organizations, and criminal activities spanning multiple jurisdictions;

8. Strongly emphasises that:
- ICPIN agents shall not have powers of arrest or detention, nor any authority to engage in police or military actions,
- any information provided shall only be disclosed with the express agreement of both the nation of origin and the ICPIN,
- nothing in this resolution shall require nations to aid in the apprehension of anyone they do not consider a criminal.

Votes For: 7,465
Votes Against: 3,842

Implemented: Mon May 14 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #212: Disease Prevention and Control[]

The General Assembly of the United Nations,

Believing that the member states of not only the United Nations, but the world should be committed to the health and well-being of their people,

Deeply concerned by the potential lack of prevention and control of disease in the respective member states of the United Nations, as well as the potential lack of coordination between agencies of nations in bringing medical advances and preventative measures to nations of the UN in fighting disease,

Emphasizing the importance of disseminating crucial information concerning the prevention and control of disease throughout the international community, to include nations which may not hold membership in the United Nations,

Resolving to bring decent health standards as well as coordination and preparedness to combat disease to as many nations as possible, hereby:

1) Strongly encourages nations to fund research into preventative measures and cures for disease and disseminate such information internationally;

2) Further encourages coordination between the existing health agencies of nations in fighting and controlling disease;

3) Establishes the United Nations Center for Disease Prevention and Control (CDPC), with the mission to:
-identify, assess, and communicate current and emerging threats to human health from disease,
-actively research treatment, cures, and preventative measures concerning disease,
-coordinate efforts between UN member states in preventing and controlling disease;

4) Mandates the establishment of CDPC offices in the member states of the United Nations, as necessary in order to:
-research ways and possibilities to prevent and control disease,
-support relief efforts in individual UN nations through the appropriate agencies or take responsibility itself should those agencies be unable to respond to an outbreak of disease,
-disseminate crucial information and research concerning disease internationally in a quick and orderly fashion;

5) Strongly encourages nations to:
-create agencies concerned with the prevention and control of disease,
-research cures and preventative measures to combat disease,
-disseminate information internationally which could be used to impede the spread of disease.

Votes For: 9,095
Votes Against: 2,134

Implemented: Wed Jun 6 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #213: Repeal "Protect Historical Sites"[]

UN Resolution #15: Protect Historical Sites (Category: Environmental; Industry Affected: All Businesses) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The General Assembly of the United Nations,

COMMENDING Resolution #15: "Protect Historical Sites," for its intent to safeguard historically significant locations within member nations;

HOWEVER NOTING that Resolution #15 wholly lacks any apparent methods for which to protect the historical sites referenced to within the resolution text, only saying "we cannot let historical sites go to waste;"

FURTHER NOTING that Resolution #15, at no point within the resolution text, defines what constitutes a "historical site" that is worthy of protection, thus leading to confusion and misunderstandings among member nations;

CONCLUDING that Resolution #15 is an insufficient and ineffectual resolution, given that it lacks any form of implementation of its admirable intent;

REPEALS Resolution #15: "Protect Historical Sites."

Votes For: 8,060
Votes Against: 3,205

Implemented: Sun Jun 24 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #214: Repeal "The Right to Form Unions"[]

UN Resolution #149: The Right to Form Unions (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

ADMIRING the intentions of the original resolution as honorable and defensible;

ACKNOWLEDGING the importance of Unions in certain economic and governmental structures;

NOTING that the benefits of a union can only be truly realized in a society where workers have the option to contractually surrender their union rights;

NOTING the tendency of natural regulation that occurs in capitalist markets to ensure Unions are preserved;

NOTING the absence of necessity for Unions in controlled markets (given the nature of a government run by the workers);

CONCERNED with the restrictions an overarching, international protection of Unions places on some forms of government;

CONCERNED with certain practical errors present in the resolution;


OBSERVING ideological shortcomings of the resolution, namely that it:

-undermines some forms of government, such as socialism and communism, that do not operate under a free-market system.

-undermines many forms of economic policy, such as a strictly free-market system, by mandating government intervention via requiring arbitration and enforcement to be supplied.

-undermines individual governments by prohibiting said governments from temporarily suspending Union rights, regardless of natural disaster, medical emergency or war.

-undermines and cripples start-up small businesses by allowing employees of any size business to Unionize and strike, regardless of their motivation or contractual obligations; and additionally undermines small businesses by removing the ability to avoid (as a method of self-preservation) hiring employees with such rights by guaranteeing these rights to all members of the workforce.

-undermines the privacy of employer-employee negotiations by publicly mandating certain unavoidable contract laws; and that the resolution provides no method for employers to guarantee employees will not fully invoke these rights with no provocation, regardless of the need for such a guarantee.

-undermines employers in free-market systems, by allowing the employee a perfectly legal route to indefinitely preserve their job, regardless of any reason, no matter how viable (including information dissemination and violation of business practicum), for their dismissal from their place of work.


AND OBSERVING practical shortcomings of the resolution, namely that it:

-fails to even define 'Union', effectively enabling any single individual to possess the rights "reserved" to a fully operable Union, or allowing a nation to set such strict requirements on the definition as to prevent a Union from actually existing.

-fails to give recourse to the possibility of failed 'independent arbitration', effectively giving every Union, regardless of industry (including military and medical) the ability to strike, regardless of the harm to the public good.

-fails to differentiate different groups of employees and associates, effectively preserving the right of every group - including CEOs and owners - to Unionize, creating an atmosphere of warring Unions between levels rather than open dialogue between associates.

-is self-contradictory in Clause #8 by giving no hierarchy; effectively, there is no line drawn between what laws restrict Union activity and what laws Unions must abide by, guaranteeing massive legal battles to determine these lines.


Hereby REPEALS U.N. resolution #149, 'The Right to Form Unions'.

Votes For: 6,233
Votes Against: 4,670

Implemented: Fri Jun 29 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #215: Unnecessary Animal Cruelty[]

The United Nations,

Recognizing the cruelty and inhumane treatment to which a great number of animals are continuously and unnecessarily subject to;

Acknowledging animals’ basic freedom from needless torture and abuse;

Horrified by the widespread practice of so-called ‘blood sports’, such as bullfighting or dog fighting, in a legal manner;

Disgusted at how certain individuals and organizations make an economic profit from the affliction, agony, and death of animals as a public spectacle,

Not considering cultural significance as a valid argument defending the torture of animals for the purpose of entertainment or recreation, and;

In an attempt to eradicate the dispensable suffering of other living beings;

1. Defines, for the purpose of this resolution: a) The term animal as every non-sapient, non-botanical living being except fungi and microorganisms.
b) The term legal biomedical research as the scientific tests, experiments, or investigations conducted by any individual, institution or organization which has been given permission to perform such activities by competent authorities in accordance with standing UN legislation.
c) The term proper shelter as (i) area with sufficient space to allow the animal to easily stand, sit, lie, turn about, and make all other normal body movements in a comfortable, normal position for the animal and (ii) dwelling place which is safe and protects the animal from injury, physical suffering, and impairment of health.
d) The term proper veterinary care as any veterinary treatment needed to prevent suffering or impairment of health.

2. Mandates that: a) The following shall be strictly prohibited:
- Torturing, cruelly beating, overdriving, overloading, causing substantial bodily harm or tormenting any animal.
- Maliciously, deliberately or recklessly injuring, wounding, poisoning, maiming, disfiguring, mutilating or killing any animal.
- Knowingly and willfully depriving any animal of necessary sustenance, food or drink.
- Force-feeding any animal by any method.
- Willfully depriving any animal of proper shelter or proper veterinary care.
- Knowingly and willfully causing or procuring any of the aforementioned.

b) All public or social activities displaying, exhibiting or involving the substantial bodily suffering of, the intentional infliction of significant physical pain on or the death of any animal shall be prevented and banned.

c) The following shall be exempted from all the above clauses:
- Activities conducted for the primary purpose of and strictly required for providing food for human or animal consumption.
- Activities conducted for purposes of legal biomedical research.
- Professional veterinary practices performed in the interests of an animal's health or welfare.
- The destruction of any animal for the purposes of protecting the public, other animals, property, or the public health.
- The humane destruction of an animal accomplished by a method that involves instantaneous unconsciousness and immediate death.

d) All forms of organized animal combat, where participating animals are forced, instigated or in any way encouraged to fight between each other, shall be prevented and banned.

3. Urges members to increase the awareness of animal cruelty and continue to instill respect for animals through education, and;

4. Further encourages the adoption of policies and regulations to preserve the basic dignity of all animals.

Votes For: 6,311
Votes Against: 3,951

Implemented: Wed Jul 4 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #216: Protection of Historical Sites[]

The United Nations,

AWARE of the importance of historical sites for the international community and future generations;

NOTING that history isn't only a national subject, but of international concern;

BELIEVING that keeping history alive therefore is without doubt worth being handled by the United Nations;

DECIDES to protect historical sites of importance


Therefore:

§1 DEFINES a 'historical site' as

a. building (including fountains, aqueducts and structures to similar purpose) b. remains
c. excavation
d. grave/tomb or
e. cult site

with historical means to a specific nation or folk as well as to the international community.


§2 ESTABLISHES the 'List of UN-protected Historical Sites' containing all historical sites, that are of supraregional importance, because they are/were

a. a masterpiece of human creation
b. a major watershed in architecture, technology, urban development or landscaping
c. a unique or at least rare evidence of a contemporary or lost civilization
d. an outstanding example of an architectural, technical or scenic type, that emblematize one or more important episode(s) in history of humanity
e. an outstanding example of traditional human housing schemes or land/sea utilization, which is typical for one or more cultures or
f. connected directly or at least distinguishable with events, traditional ways of life, ideas, credos, artistic or literary acts of exceptional universal meaning.


§3 ESTABLISHES the 'United Nations Committee for Protection of Historical Sites' (UNCPH) as board of twelve independent members, elected by UN.


§4 MANDATES the UNCPH to keep the 'List of UN-protected Historical Sites' (see §2) updated ex officio and publish it in print and online via database. Each member state per application as well as 10% of the population of a member state per petition can request a change (admission or deletion) of the list. The UN hereby forbids any other change of the list.


§5 ENACTS that every item of the 'List of UN-protected Historical Sites' (see §2) must not be destroyed or changed in substance, except for restoration or faithful reproduction above remains, if they maintain the originality and meaning of the item. Primarily the reason for being on the list (see §2) must be conserved.


§6 ALLOWS member nations to diverge from §5 in times of war, if a opposing belligerent has taken position within or near an item on the 'List of UN-protected Historical Sites' (see §2) and maintaining the item would be of strategic disadvantage, as long as they minimize damage to the item as far as possible. Any damage will be reviewed by UNCPH after the conflict has ended and possible sanctions will be determined.


§7 RECOMMENDS member nations to maintain other national historical sites as well in order to keep the memory of regional and supraregional history alive.


Authored by Damned PoPer

Votes For: 6,845
Votes Against: 2,949

Implemented: Mon Jul 9 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #217: Environmental Science[]

The United Nations,

Aware that many of the most critical issues of daily life involve resource management and the maintenance of a harmonious balance with the natural world, and that meaningful action on them requires a full and developed knowledge of the underlying environmental science,

Recognising that environmental science can lead to the formulation of community and governmental policies, and personal and business strategies, to recognise and mitigate problems of environmental degradation while promoting sustainable development, thereby promoting ‘bottom-up’ solutions to environmental problems, allowing individuals to make rational choices rather than depending on stringent government oversight,

Considering the establishment of an impartial body capable of coordinating and conducting research free of political and private influence to be one useful means of promoting such goals through an international body:

1. Defines, for the purposes of this resolution, 'environmental science' as the pursuit of understanding of the natural environment through the scientific process, and especially that concerning the interaction of natural and artificial components, the effect of economic activities upon the environment, the development of solutions to problems within these relationships, and the search for sustainable modes of development;

2. Promotes the study of environmental science throughout all UN member nations, emphasises support for projects bringing understanding of the value and importance of environmental science to a wider audience, and encourages member nations to fund relevant research projects and courses of study;

3. Declares that persons in member nations may apply for funding for such from the UNEAF, subject to the approval of the nation in which the study or research is being undertaken, and providing such work abides by environmental regulations and academic best practice;

4. Establishes, as a neutral council capable of conducting independent research, the United Nations Environmental Agency (UNEA);

5. Declares that the UNEA shall:
- liaise with similar local, national and regional bodies, particularly through assisting with the establishment of such programs as advanced by this resolution,
- liaise with existing UN environmental and other relevant committees, while hopefully mitigating the need for further proliferation of such,
- conduct environmental science research, including work towards solving problems of environmental degradation, and make freely available their findings and recommendations,
- abide by academic best practice in all their endeavours;

6. Further declares that the UNEA shall:
- conduct, on a annual basis, surveys of the state of the natural environment, identify existing and potential problems of environmental degradation, and research towards solutions to such problems and mitigating measures against further,
- make freely available such findings in an International Environmental Audit Yearbook,
- conduct, where requested by the authority with jurisdiction over the particular area, further environmental surveys directed at more specific details,
- conduct, on a regular basis, such surveys over areas under UN jurisdiction or identified as international or non-national territory;

7. Prohibits the UNEA from accepting donations from private parties such as businesses, charities or NGOs, so as to prevent its research being skewed in favour of specific interest groups.

Votes For: 6,393
Votes Against: 2,813

Implemented: Fri Jul 20 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #218: UN Labor Relations Act[]

Believing that the ability to form and join labor unions is often an important factor in assuring proper compensation and adequate working conditions;

Recognizing that industrial actions are important -- sometimes the only -- means available for workers to successfully influence management decisions,

But also believing that the welfare of the general public must be of paramount concern in weighing the right of workers to engage in such actions,

The United Nations;

1. RESOLVES that all UN member states must recognize and ensure the fundamental right of everyone to form or join unions of their choice for the purpose of collective representation of workers, and the right of those unions to establish and join federations and confederations of labor organizations, both nationally and internationally.

2. ESTABLISHES the right of all workers in all UN member nations to engage in strikes and other industrial actions, including, but not limited to, work slowdowns, overtime refusal, work-to-rule and general strikes, provided that those actions do not cause physical harm to persons or property;
a. Employers are not required to pay wages of workers while they are on strike.
b. Workers may not be terminated from employment for participating in a legally authorized strike or industrial action.

3. DECLARES that national governments may exempt from the rights granted in clause 2:
a. Strikes or other industrial actions not authorized by a union.
b. Strikes or other industrial actions which significantly endanger the health or welfare of the public, such as, but not limited to strikes by medical and police personnel.

4. RESERVES to the respective member nations the right to determine the extent to which the provisions of this resolution shall apply to:
a. Members of the armed forces,
b. Law enforcement personnel,
c. Providers of emergency services, and
d. Government employees providing essential public services.

5. MANDATES that labor disputes involving workers lacking the right to strike under articles 3.b. and 4 of this resolution be settled through binding arbitration administered by an independent and unbiased third party.

6. DECLARES that national governments may require unions to supply fair notice to employers and relevant government agencies in advance of industrial action.

7. AFFIRMS the right of Unions and their national and international organisations to be free to draw up their own constitutions and rules, organize their own administration and activities, and formulate their own programs.

8. FORBIDS discrimination based on Union membership where employment is concerned. Union members and non-members must be afforded equal treatment in hiring, work assignment, compensation, promotion, training and education, and disciplinary actions.

9. DECLARES that Unions must abide by national law, and that national laws shall not be made to impair the guarantees provided for in this resolution.

Co-author: Ausserland.

Votes For: 5,110
Votes Against: 3,934

Implemented: Sun Jul 29 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #219: Accessible Family Planning[]

Concerned that staggering population growth could pose serious economic problems, especially in developing nations;

Convinced that sensible family-planning policies are essential for controlling national birthrates, preventing unmanageable population increases, and ensuring the health and well-being of young families;

Acknowledging that low-income families may lack access to effective birth-control products or information on family planning services, and that lack of such products, information or services may result in greater poverty levels as low-income families continue to produce children they cannot afford;

Observing that member nations may restrict or outlaw access to certain birth-control methods that may help families prevent unwanted pregnancies;

Defining, for the purpose of this resolution, "family planning" as pertaining to a product or service for regulating the number and spacing of children in a family.

This Assembly hereby declares its commitment to supporting family-planning programs in member nations by enacting the following:

The United Nations;

1. Affirms the right of individuals to access information regarding family-planning services and birth-control methods, and to leave their home nations freely without unreasonable hindrance to obtain family-planning services that are outlawed domestically;

2. Strongly urges member states to lend support to domestic agencies and programs providing information and services for family planning;

3. Encourages nations to permit aid disbursements to be used for the development of such services;

4. Strongly encourages member states to establish programs helping low-income families obtain legal family-planning services that are beyond their financial means;

5. Requests that nations provide incentives to domestic companies, agencies and programs to supply discounts and financial assistance for low-income families seeking family-planning services.

Votes For: 6,052
Votes Against: 3,058

Implemented: Wed Aug 15 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #220: Repeal "SPCC Regulation Act"[]

UN Resolution #58: SPCC Regulation Act (Category: Environmental; Industry Affected: All Businesses) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

Acknowledging that Resolution #58, SPCC Regulation Act, was intended as an extension of Resolution #11, Ban Single-Hulled Tankers, which remains in effect,

Regretting that SPCC Regulation Act purported to establish a series of "Spill Prevention Control & Countermeasures," but in fact did no such thing,

Recognising that SPCC Regulation Act in no way:
- extends, adds to, or even realizes any of the provisions of the earlier resolution,
- enacts any form of regulation,
- does anything to prevent, clean or control oil spills,
- or in fact accomplishes anything, of any nature, whatsoever, other than to vaguely waffle on in a trite march of irrelevancies while entirely neglecting to place a single obligation on member nations,

Rejecting the notion that there is any point maintaining a resolution whose entire substance has all the legislative effect of a small child whining "waaah, Mummy! I don't like it! waaah!",

Agreeing with the concept of demonstrating the UN's commitment to genuine and effective international law rather than useless and annoyingly brattish screams of infantile indignation by striking out through repeal such a thoroughly terrible resolution,

And remaining safe in the knowledge that this repeal will in no way allow any irresponsibility or laxity of regulation in the transportation of oil or hazardous chemicals, given the original resolution makes no provisions to such effect:

Hereby repeals SPCC Regulation Act.

Votes For: 5,904
Votes Against: 2,552

Implemented: Mon Aug 20 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #221: Repeal "Individual Self-Determination"[]

UN Resolution #164: Individual Self-Determination (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

AGREEING with the original intent of the resolution, primarily noting that the government should not obstruct the ability of a person to decide their own fate;

CONCERNED with both the infringement on sovereign governments that this resolution entails, and more notably, the open opportunities for abuse that this resolution does not address.

NOTING a substantial ideological shortcoming of the resolution, that the resolution infringes on the rights of religiously-driven governments (with open borders to prevent religious persecution) by forcing them to allow a controversial procedure that may contradict their doctrine;

AND NOTING the following practical shortcomings of the resolution:

-that clause 5, in allowing parents/guardians to make decisions on behalf of those 'uncapable' to decide themselves, allows parents and medical staff to take the life of someone under their care regardless of the reason;

-that clause 5, in considering patients that are "mentally incapable" of making such decisions, does not enumerate what "mentally incapable" shall be, allowing nations to potentially interpret such incapability as simply being below a certain age, allowing parents to legally take their child's life (through the medical system) if they are under a certain age;

-that 'encouraging' nations to require the request to go through a court system (as clause 5 requests) is not strong enough to prevent the above abuses, and that the above abuses are far too severe to be permitted by the UN in any way;

-that clause 7 only states one example of a death-inducing method that should not be permitted; and that "humane, painless and fast-acting" is too vague to serve as adequate criteria for evaluating methods (a gunshot to the head, for example, is painless and fast-acting, and its 'humanity' is impossible to evaluate objectively);

-that clause 3, in citing "severe chronic disease" instead of simply "terminal disease", allows the Right to Die to be invoked on diseases that will not result in death, including notably severe depression and other psychological diseases; essentially, the resolution fails to prevent those with psychological disorders that increase a patient's desire for death from invoking the Right to Die as a form of legal suicide;

-that the entire resolution, by permitting hospitals to start allowing patients to invoke the Right to Die, introduces bizarre and morbid market implications into a mortal situation; the resolution will have the unintented side effect of forcing hospitals, in an attempt to restrict costs and stay in business, to advise their patients based on their abilitity to pay their medical bills; uninsured patients are sure to be more likely to be advised to invoke the Right to Die than patients able to pay their bills.

AND NOTING that the above problems do not simply amount to loopholes that can be exploited, but are full problems that absolutely will have an unintended negative effect.

REPEALS UN Resolution 164, "Individual Self Determination"

ADVOCATES a new resolution reaffirming the right of people to determine their own fate, provided that resolution addresses the above practical concerns and avoids overt infringment on nations' sovereignty.

Co-authored by Cristia Agape

Votes For: 4,971
Votes Against: 3,077

Implemented: Sat Sep 1 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #222: Water Quality and Conservation[]

The United Nations,

Acknowledging the essential nature of water for general economic use and personal needs, including drinking, bathing, sanitation, and food preparation;

Noting that many water sources (e.g., rivers, aquifers, and glaciers), and the water from those sources, cross multiple national boundaries, making water a shared resource among nations;

Concerned that the quality and availability of water for all is highly dependent on actions within individual nations;

1. DEFINES clean water as water reasonably free of pollutants and able to robustly support biodiversity of native aquatic species;

2. PLEDGES itself to the complementary goals of clean water and water conservation;

3. REQUIRES members to take steps to improve general water quality, appropriate to its various uses, including but not limited to restricting introduction of chemical or biological contaminants into water resources as a result of personal, industrial or agricultural uses;

4. DEFINES waste water as a mixture of water and dissolved or suspended solid or liquid contaminants discharged from sources such as, but not limited to, domestic residences, commercial properties, industrial or agricultural operations.

5. MANDATES processing waste water to remove contaminants and disinfect the effluent prior to discharge at any location that would bring it into contact with another water source or subwatershed which provides potable water within its boundaries.

6. REQUIRES nations to institute effective water conservation policies and techniques to maximize use and benefit of available water resources, including measures to be taken by individuals, as well as, those applicable to commercial use, such as reclamation of water used in manufacturing and cooling;

7. URGES the formation of regional consortia to examine and implement water quality and conservation policy and to provide management for regionally shared water resources;

8. ENCOURAGES nations to reduce pressure on water resources through long-range water supply forecasting, water planning and management, and policy decisions in pertinent areas, such as establishing water rights and priorities, urban development policies, and water banks;

9. STRONGLY ENCOURAGES nations to ensure persons' access to clean water in sufficient quantities to meet their daily needs for sustenance;

10. TASKS the UN Environmental Agency, established under UNR 217, with the following specific activities with respect to water issues:

a. Provide general, technical and educational assistance to nations in the development and implementation of water quality improvements, conservation techniques and management plans, identification of new water resources, and development of water-use auditing systems;

b. Produce annual water quality profiles for each member nation, adjusting for unique geology, biology and water resources concerns, and including non-binding potability and contaminant reduction goals;

c. Arrange aid in the form of low or no-interest loans to nations who lack sufficient local funding for emergency remediation in either water quality or availability issues.

11. ENCOURAGES members to work with non-member nations in cooperative projects to improve regional water quality, conservation and access.

12. AFFIRMS that nothing herein requires relinquishment of riparian or water rights, whether individually, communally, or state owned.

Votes For: 6,700
Votes Against: 1,795

Implemented: Thu Sep 6 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #224: Repeal "Common Sense Act II"[]

UN Resolution #30: Common Sense Act II (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: UN Resolution #30: Common Sense Act II (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

REGRETFULLY ACKNOWLEDGING that individuals may be reckless, irresponsible, ignorant and/or foolish, and

SOBERLY MINDFUL of the potential for the waste of time and resources represented by such individuals,

NONETHELESS REMAINS AGOG at the chutzpah exhibited in crafting a resolution that seeks to legislate against stupidity, yet which simultaneously fails to account for the myriad factors involved in personal decision-making, and furthermore

RAILS MOST FURIOUSLY at those who seek to undermine the lofty goals of this institution by assailing it with such egregious trivialities and alarmist pettifoggery, and consequently

RIGHTEOUSLY PURIFIES the UN statute of this most disingenuous resolution by

REPEALING United Nations Resolution #30: Common Sense Act II.

Votes For: 6,351
Votes Against: 2,803

Implemented: Tue Oct 16 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #225: Repeal "Max Barry Day"[]

UN Resolution #223: Max Barry Day (Category: Education and Creativity; Area of Effect: Educational) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: These here fine United Nations,

Commending Resolution #223's laudable purpose, to recognize truly great men and their achievements;

Duly congratulating this resolution's intended honoree on his many titles from coed beauty pageants throughout the NS world;

Expressing its concern, however, that this resolution breaches the reasonable limits to which this body has traditionally held itself;

Chagrined that amidst the many serious problems the world faces today, including war, terrorism, poverty, oppression, corruption, pestilence, disease, famine, malnourishment, starvation, taxes, illiteracy, substandard education, substandard sex education, imperial measurements, necrophilia, space junk, nations not labeling chemicals correctly, shortages of computers for schoolchildren, invisible tree people, shortages of computers for invisible tree schoolchildren, rampant ecclesiastical self-defenestration, and reluctance to eradicate the Arctocephalinae, the United Nations would actually pass a resolution declaring an international holiday for some dude who started a Website suggests that this institution's priorities are somewhat out of whack;

Randomly kicking ambassadors in the nuts for even thinking this proposal was a good idea,

Hereby repeals Resolution #223: Max Barry Day.

Votes For: 6,158
Votes Against: 3,727

Implemented: Sun Oct 21 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #226: Passport Standardisation Act[]

The United Nations,

NOTING the potential security risks arising from being unable to accurately assess those entering and leaving a nation,

FURTHER NOTING that such a potential security risk may be exacerbated by the inability of relevant officials to guarantee the authenticity of a foreign passport,

1. DEFINES a "Passport" as a travel document by the nation of which the person is a citizen, identifying the bearer as a national of that country,

2. MANDATES that all citizens carry a Passport issued by a relevant nation in which they hold citizenship or other citizen status, when travelling abroad, except where deemed unnecessary through the existence of bilateral and multilateral border control agreement,

3. PERMITS issuing nations to allow children under the age of majority, or a specific age that is lower than that of the age of majority, in the issuing country to travel on the passport of one or both of their parents, as necessary under national law

4. FOUNDS the United Nations Commision for Passport Design and Control (UNCPDC)

5. CHARGES the UNCPDC to establish minimum requirements of details to be included into passports, including but not limited to passport numbers, facial representations of the owner, name, date of birth, validity, and anti-forgery features

6. MANDATES that United Nation's Member States abide by the requirements laid down by the UNCPDC

7. AFFIRMS that the passport entitles the holder to any of the Consular services available from their nation's Embassies, Consulates, Consulates-General, High Commissions, Deputy High Commissions, Legations and other diplomatic missions as they may require,

8. ENSHRINES the right of foreign nationals carrying an appropriate passport to be visited by a consul of their nation when detained for legal reasons.
a) allows consuls to give the detainee legal advice, lists of approved barristers and/or solicitors, and guidance on the legal process of the nation in which they are detained.
b) in cases where there is no diplomatic or consular presence of the detainee's nation a consul of another nation may be substituted for a consul of the detainee's nation, where bilateral or multilateral agreements are in place for such a substitution.

9. AFFIRMS that any national of a United Nations member state, carrying a valid passport and visa cannot be denied entry to a nation, except where either the security of that nation is at stake or for reasons of medical quarantine,

10. CALLS UPON all nations to recognise the passports of nationals of United Nations member states,

11. MANDATES the publication of all Passport designs (including information about counterfeit protections), to be made available to all relevant officials, including but not limited to: immigration officials, customs and excise officers, security personnel, and constables of the law.

Votes For: 5,997
Votes Against: 3,253

Implemented: Fri Oct 26 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #227: Air Pollution Convention[]

The United Nations,

Recognising the adverse effects air pollution has on the environment,

Determined to promote relations and cooperation in the field of environmental protection,

Believing that member states have the sovereign right to exploit their own resources pursuant to their own environmental policies,

Also believing that member states have an obligation to ensure that activities within their jurisdictions do not cause damage to the environment of other States,

Hereby:

1. Defines “Air Pollution” as the non-natural introduction, directly or indirectly, of substances or energy into the air resulting in deleterious effects of such a nature as to endanger health, harm living resources and ecosystems and material property and impair or interfere with amenities and other legitimate uses of the environment;

2. Defines “transboundary air pollution” as air pollution whose physical origin is situated within the area under the national jurisdiction of one State and has adverse effects in the area under the jurisdiction of another State;

3. Requires member nations to provide the UN Environmental Agency (UNEA) with meteorological, physico-chemical, and biological data relating to the effects of transboundary air pollution with a view to establishing a scientific basis for dose/effect relationships;

4. Mandates the creation and maintenance of monitoring stations in member nations. The collection of data shall be carried out under the respective national jurisdictions of member nations;

5. Tasks the International Meteorological Organisation with cooperating, as appropriate, in the collection and analysis of data;

6. Charges the UNEA with the following:
a. Creating and subsequently maintaining a list of air pollutants for international use,
b. Establishing a standardised procedure for monitoring air pollutants that allows for effective comparison of data,
c. Creating models utilising data collected from member nations in order to better understand the transmission of air pollutants and their transboundary fluxes,
d. Assessing alternative economic, social, and environmental measures for attaining the objective of reducing transboundary air pollution,
e. Providing education and training schemes related to the environmental consequences of air pollution,
f. Acting as independent adjudication upon request if a member nation believes another to be responsible for environmental damages within their jurisdiction;
g. Objectively assessing whether there is quantifiable environmental damage and whether a causal link between the accused nation(s) and any damage can be established based on collected data;
h. Assigning liability for damages in cases where a causal link is established.

7. States that nations found to be liable for damages by the UNEA shall either provide reparations equal to the resources required to remediate and prevent environmental damages within the aggrieved nation, or consult with the UNEA to establish an economically feasible timetable to reduce the emission of air pollutants;

8. Requires member nations to provide the UNEA with notification of major changes in national policies and industrial development that will likely cause significant changes in transboundary air pollution;

9. Urges member nations to create national, sub-regional, and regional strategies to combat and control air pollution beyond the confines of this resolution.

Co-authored by Lots of Ants

Votes For: 7,100
Votes Against: 2,784

Implemented: Sun Nov 11 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #228: Repeal "Rights of Minorities and Women"[]

UN Resolution #80: Rights of Minorities and Women (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: UN Law "Rights of Minorities and Women" BAD!!!

Article I say "No one race or culture is better than another." What mean "better"? UN law not tell what "better" mean. This not protect any rights.

Article II say "Males and Females should be treated as equals. Whether it be in the workplace or at home". What mean "equals"? UN law not tell what "equal" mean. This not protect any rights.

Article III say "Not a single religion or belief is better or more right than another." This not tell what "better" mean either. Not tell what "right" mean. This not protect any rights.

Article IV say: "One should have the right to express their love for a member of the same sex." What "express their love" mean? UN law not say. This not protect any rights.

UN law use word "should" too much. Not strong word.

UN law not protect rights of minorities. Only mention "race" once in preamble part. Mention "race or culture" in Article I. Never mention again.

UN law not protect rights of women. Only say "should be treated as equals" in Article II. Never mention again.

UN law "Discrimination Accord" protect some rights. "Discrimination Accord" GOOD!!! "Discrimination Accord" still protect rights after this repealed. "Rights of Minorities and Women" not protect any rights.

UN Law "Rights of Minorities and Women" do nothing, just happy words to make UN people feel good. Stand in way of new law that protect rights.

UN Law "Rights of Minorities and Women" BAD!!! UN repeal.

Votes For: 5,412
Votes Against: 4,381

Implemented: Mon Nov 19 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #229: Ban International Trafficking[]

DEFINING for the purposes of this resolution, a "recreational drug" as a chemical substance whose primary purpose is to act upon the central nervous system where it alters brain function, resulting in temporary or permanent changes in perception, mood, consciousness and/or behavior,

AWARE that member nations may not wish to outlaw drugs,

OBSERVING that trafficking of drugs across borders may lead to large untaxed amounts of money being poured from one nation to another,

NOTING that drug trafficking between nations may lead to conflict due to differences in drug laws of member nations,

FURTHER NOTING that drug trafficking in many instances directly funds terrorism and illegal weapon trade,

CONCLUDING that cutting down on international drug trafficking will benefit all nations involved economically and socially,

THEREFORE HEREBY MANDATING all member nations to follow this resolution that is:

§1 ENACTING that nations put immediately into effect laws imposing a fine, imprisonment, or other such forms of correctional action that are allowed by the UN upon drug traffickers.

§2 DEFINING international drug traffickers as any individuals who are caught involved in the international:

-Buying
-Selling
-Otherwise exchanging in any form

of drugs that were not legally passed through the borders of the nations involved.

§3 URGING member nations to consider imposing sanctions on nations who do not follow similar courses of action.

§4 ADVISING each member nation to consider imposing sanctions on nations who do follow similar courses of action, but fail to present their choice of correctional action as sufficient and fitting for the crime committed.

REITERATING, finally, that member nations who do carry out legal drug trade will be able to continue to do so.

Votes For: 4,706
Votes Against: 3,724

Implemented: Thu Nov 29 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #230: Fairness and Equality Act[]

The United Nations,

AFFIRMING the right of all people not to be targeted for abuse or discrimination based upon their gender, sexual orientation, or religious or cultural background;

RECOGNIZING the need for effective international anti-discrimination measures and additional protections for women and members of minority groups;

REGRETTING that Resolution #99: Discrimination Accord, while outlawing discriminatory practices by nations, may be interpreted as a prohibition of discrimination by governments only, while excluding discrimination by private groups, individuals and employers;

SEEKING to address the failures of past legislation in the area of human rights, much of which has been repealed on the grounds of ineffectiveness;

NOTING past affirmations of national prerogative on marriage and criminal-sentencing laws, somewhat limiting the scope of this remit;

Hereby enacts the following:

1. Unfair and unreasonable discrimination in employment, housing, education or access to services provided to the general public shall be prohibited by all member states, including discrimination based on a person's gender, race, ethnicity, nationality, skin color, language, economic or cultural background, physical/mental disability or condition, age, religion or belief system, sexual orientation or gender orientation;

2. Unprovoked violence against or intimidation of any person on previously stated grounds shall be a civil and criminal offense in all member states;

3. Nothing in this article shall be construed as to deny additional or stronger protections against discrimination and abuse already enacted by member states.

Votes For: 6,034
Votes Against: 2,943

Implemented: Wed Dec 5 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #231: Repeal "End slavery"[]

UN Resolution #6: End slavery (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The United Nations,

Remaining fully opposed to slavery,

Hence disgusted that existing law on the subject, UN Resolution #6 "End Slavery", fails to live up its title and does not in fact end slavery,

Concerned that Resolution #6 makes no provision for:
- the prohibition of ownership of persons,
- the freeing of those previously enslaved,
- legal protection, economic aid and social rehabilitation for freed slaves,
- the prohibition of forced labour,
- the suppression of the slave trade,

Concluding that Resolution #6 is a woefully inadequate document that, given its prevention of any more meaningful legislation on the subject, is actively damaging to the international antislavery cause,

Stressing the importance of passing comprehensive antislavery resolutions immediately following passage of this repeal, which will:
- replace the prohibition of the sale of persons,
- fully address the above unaddressed issues,
- promote international cooperation to end the slave trade,

Repeals Resolution #6.

Votes For: 7,324
Votes Against: 2,027

Implemented: Wed Dec 19 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #232: Abolition of Slavery[]

The United Nations,

Believing that slavery violates the most basic principles of individual liberty,

Rejecting the notion that any nation has the right to permit persons to be subjected to slavery,

Further considering that international cooperation is required to eliminate the slave trade,

Therefore strongly desirous of enacting firm prohibitions on slavery,

Further wishing to deal with the problems presented by freed slaves, such as repatriation, economic restitution and the prevention of discrimination,

Realizing that where slavery persists, all forms of diplomatic and economic pressure, including exclusion and embargo, should be directed at ending the practice,

Noting that trafficking in persons constitutes a form of slavery that has proved particularly resilient to attempts at abolition and that special vigilance is required in this regard,

Also calling for future legislation on the subject of unfree labour in order to fully prevent de facto slavery from persisting:

1. Declares that all persons are free, and that no person shall be held, under the law of any nation, to be the possession, property, or chattel of any other person or any legal entity;

2. Requires the immediate release of any persons so owned, the immediate dissolution of any legal contracts enacting such ownership, and that all member nations henceforth refuse to recognise such conditions and contracts;

3. Condemns slavery in all its forms;

4. Prohibits member nations from returning persons to countries still practicing slavery, where there is probable cause to believe such persons will be returned to a condition of slavery or punished for attempting to escape from such conditions;

5. Permits member nations to require such persons to leave their territory for other nations willing to accept them;

6. Strongly endorses programs to assist freed slaves with adaptation to society, including the provision of education, vocational training, financial assistance and housing as required, as well as voluntary repatriation to nation of origin on request;

7. Requires member nations to take criminalise and take reasonable action to prevent reprisals against freed slaves;

8. Otherwise prohibits discrimination in civil, social, economic, legal and political rights, protection under the law, access to public services, travel permission and any other rights afforded by national and international law based solely on prior condition of servitude;

9. Encourages member nations to contribute assistance to areas previously reliant on slavery, in order to facilitate the transition of economic and social structure;

10. Prohibits the importation into any member nation of goods produced, in whole or in part, through slavery;

11. Further prohibits investment in companies using slavery;

12. Endorses and encourages diplomatic and economic efforts by member nations and international organizations to eliminate the practice of slavery in non-member nations, including efforts to support compensated manumission;

13. Requires nations to examine possible causes of and catalysts to trafficking in persons and to work, on their own and with other nations, towards the elimination of them;

14. Encourages even those nations having already abolished slavery to remain vigilant to forms of de facto slavery that may return and to fully assist in international efforts to totally eliminate all forms of slavery.

Votes For: 5,721
Votes Against: 1,807

Implemented: Wed Dec 26 2007

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #233: Abolition of Forced Labour[]

Deploring the practice of forced labour, including bonded labour, debt-servitude and other forms of unfree labour, and

Believing that all persons have the right to leave their employment at any time and to be free from threats, violence or coercion from their employer,

The United Nations

1. Abolishes the practice of forced labour in all UN member nations;

2. Defines "forced labour" as a situation in which persons are required to enter jobs by any means other than freely agreed contracts or to perform work against their will, under coercion or threat of extreme hardship to themselves or their families, including violence or detention;

3. Notes that for the purpose of this resolution the term 'coercion' shall be defined as excluding
a. the use of legal systems to enforce contracts;
b. the withdrawal of state-paid allowances from unemployed persons who refuse work that is offered to them and that they are capable of performing;

4. Accepts that nations may allow work to be compelled from
a. Persons performing either military service or alternative national service, as required by law;
b. Persons who are sentenced to such labour as a punishment for crimes;
c. Prisoners of War, and civilians interned during wartime, as allowed under international law;

5. Declares that no person may be committed to a contract against his or her will, except as clause #4 allows. Additionally, in the case of minors who are legally old enough to work the consent of a parent or other legal guardian may be required as well as the consent of the child itself;

6. Declares that any person who is currently bound to an employer because of any hereditary arrangement rather than by his or her own consent has the right to leave that employer's service. Persons willing to remain in such service are entitled to have a fair contract drawn up under binding independent arbitration;

7. Declares that all persons have the right to leave their jobs at any time unless required, by a stated condition of employment or a contract freely entered into, to give specific and reasonable prior notice of abandoning the position. Failure to provide such notice may release the employer from any contractual or similar obligations;

8. Declares that the specified duration of a contract of employment may only be extended or shortened by the freely given consent of both parties, or by an order from a relevant court;

9. Declares that all persons have the right to be free from violence, threats of violence, enforced indebtedness, and other forms of undue coercion by their employers;

10. Prohibits all other forms of labour which would meet the definition of forced labour as stated in this resolution.

Votes For: 6,395
Votes Against: 2,167

Implemented: Tue Jan 8 2008

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #234: Repeal "'RBH' Replacement"[]

UN Resolution #20: 'RBH' Replacement (Category: Social Justice; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: Whereas the United Nations is committed to effective legislation.

Understanding that RBH Replacement was an administrative move in the early days of the UN.

Noting that Required Basic Healthcare(RBH) was repealed by Resolution 102.

Further noting that RBH Replacement relied heavily upon that repealed document to outline its intentions.

Believing that RBH Replacement itself does nothing at all to modify healthcare.

Accepting that the repeal of this piece of legislation will in no way affect healthcare.

Hereby repeals RBH Replacement.

Votes For: 6,679
Votes Against: 1,192

Implemented: Sun Jan 13 2008

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #235: Territorial Waters[]

REALISING the current possibility for nations to claim vast swathes of oceanic territory for legal and economic reasons,

CONCERNED that such a situation has the potential to destabilise international security,

SEEKING to remedy this situation, whilst taking into account the necessity for nations to impose legal and economic jurisdiction over waters bordering their shores,

The United Nations hereby,

1. DECLARES that, for any nation with a coast: a) The waters within 12 nautical miles of that nation's sea border should normally be counted as its 'Territorial Water', over which the nation shall have sovereign control and may enforce any and all laws of the nation in question. Waters above undersea nations are to be considered territorial in addition to those extending beyond the sea border;
b) All of the waters within 200NM of that nation’s sea border should normally be counted as its ‘Exclusive Economic Zone', within which it has the sole right to harvest natural resources, but otherwise considered as international waters;
c) All of these zones also include the floors of those waters.

2. PROCLAIMS that waters that are neither territorial nor within the exclusive economic zone be considered 'International Waters'; a) National jurisdiction is to be extended to vessels registered in that nation traversing, and on offshore installations located in, international waters and the exclusive economic zone;
b) Nations are prohibited from intentionally placing devises that may hazard shipping indiscriminately in international waters, including but not limited to sea mines.

3. AUTHORISES that the sea border is to be considered to be at the point where waters meets the land at low tide, where such a border would exist at sea level in the case of undersea nations, or an estimation of where fresh water meets salt water where the coastline is disrupted by river, etc., mouths,

4. DECLARES that any waters bordered by a single nation’s shores shall are to be considered as that nations territorial waters;

5. NOTES that possible issues of overlapping claims be resolved as follows:
a) The boundaries between the territorial waters of nations that adjoin each other on coasts shall normally be straight-line continuations of their land borders;
b) Any waters where two or more nations’ claims would overlap shall be divided along lines mid-way between those two nations’ shores;
c) Nations with overlapping claims may voluntarily agree to divisions along other lines than these, as long as they are not to the detriment of the claims of other nations and do not encroach onto international waters;
d) Where two nations’ shores are less than 25NM, and greater then 2NM, apart a median channel of 1 NM width shall be between them, and will be treated as international waters, except in the case of archipelagic nations.

6. ENCOURAGES member nations to respect these rules in their interactions with non-UN member nations that also accept these limits, and reach similar agreements with non-members,

7. FOUNDS the Marine Arbitration & Recognised International Thalassic Institutional Management Executive, (MARITIME), and charges it to arbitrate in international disputes about territorial claims in the seas and national jurisdiction.

Co-authored by Shesharlie

Votes For: 5,801
Votes Against: 2,530

Implemented: Fri Jan 18 2008

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #236: Free Trade of Durable Goods[]

The General Assembly of the United Nations,

RECOGNIZING the role that the trade of durable goods plays in the global economy;

FURTHER RECOGNIZING the role that the sale of these goods plays in providing manufacturing jobs;

NOTING the beneficial effect that these goods have on people's daily lives by making numerous home and business related activities less labour intensive, more efficient and more enjoyable;

FURTHER NOTING that durable goods includes equipment vital to medical research and that increasing access to such equipment could lead to a cure for cancer in our lifetimes;

DEFINES, for the purposes of this legislation, "durable goods" as goods or consumer products that have a useful life extending more than three years. Examples include, but are not limited to, automobiles, home appliances, home furnishings and fixtures, and business, medical, electronic, and manufacturing equipment.

HEREBY

1. ENCOURAGES the sale and/or transfer of durable goods between UN nations;

2. ENCOURAGES all nations to increase their citizens access to durable goods by creating favourable business environments for retailers who market these goods;

3. REQUIRES the elimination of protectionist devices restricting the trade of durable goods, including but not limited to tariffs, duties, subsidies, subventions and quotas, within eleven years;

4. DECLARES that nations may apply reasonable restrictions on trade in the following cases:

- to ensure the stability of industries supplying essential products (such as military equipment or other items vital to national security);
- in times of severe economic crisis, where such measures are required to ensure a stable supply of durable goods;
- to collect revenue for the sole purposes of economic recovery following severe collapse;

5. DECLARES it the right of nations to impose cultural, safety, environmental, ethical or other regulations on durable goods and their manufacture, provided any such regulations are administered in a non-protectionist manner;

6. EMPHASIZES that UN member nations reserve the right to employ retaliatory tariffs towards non-UN nations to prevent price dumping;

7. AUTHORIZES the United Nations Free Trade Commission (UNFTC) to arbitrate any trade disputes which may arise concerning the implementation of this legislation. Such arbitration may include, but is not limited to, cases involving alleged price dumping by UN members upon UN members, alleged violations of Articles 3, 4 and 5 of this legislation, and disputes over the interpretation of the terms and conditions of this legislation.

Votes For: 4,572
Votes Against: 3,532

Implemented: Mon Jan 28 2008

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #237: Protection of Orphans Act[]

The General Assembly of the United Nations;

Recognizing that orphans and homeless children are some of the most vulnerable of all persons in any society and are often ignored or abused;

Recognizing that violence, drugs, war, famine, social chaos, disease and prejudice in many nations have resulted in an unprecedented number of children who are abandoned as orphans or who have become homeless;

Recognizing that the rights of orphans and homeless children are often ignored;

Deploring the terrible conditions that these children suffer in;

Alarmed that these children are exposed to the possibility of being raped, murdered or sold into prostitution and noting that some of these children are extremely young;

Finding this situation to be unacceptable, enacts the following:

1. Member nations are encouraged in the strongest possible terms to fund the construction and staffing of orphanages and shelters for homeless children as the situation in their nation merits.

2. Member nations are further strongly encouraged to establish appropriate child welfare agencies to oversee the well-being of these children and to manage the distribution of aid. Additionally, these agencies are strongly urged to share information to facilitate intranational and international adoptions.

3. The United Nations Child Placement Authority is hereby established to do the following:
(i) Compile a database of all known homeless or orphaned children currently residing in UN nations who are awaiting placement in adoptive homes. The governments of UN member nations shall submit bi-annually a report detailing the number of homeless or orphaned children living within their nation who are awaiting placement in adoptive homes, either within, or outside their nation. The report shall include the child's age, sex, name (if known), pertinent medical information as allowed by UN law and any other details considered relevent to the child's case.
(ii) Act as a clearinghouse for coordinating the efforts of accredited adoption agencies and child-advocacy groups in UN nations and to assist in the effort to place these children in permanent, stable homes.

4. Member nations are reminded that many homeless children, particularly runaways, may be reluctant to accept aid and assistance from government agencies or recognized charities due to fears that they will be forced into an unacceptable situation, e.g., returned to an abusive home. Therefore, it is suggested that aid and assistance be provided in a no-threat environment with assured confidentiality for all clients, but with the goal of eventually placing these children in an officially recognized shelter, orphanage or foster home, or if possible, returning them to their parents or an acceptable guardian.

Votes For: 5,310
Votes Against: 3,206

Implemented: Mon Feb 18 2008

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #238: Repeal "The Sex Industry Worker Act"[]

UN Resolution #91: The Sex Industry Worker Act (Category: Free Trade; Strength: Significant) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: UNDERSTANDING the goal behind the Sex Industry Worker Act which is to allow for "an happier, more content and more productive society" by legalizing prostitution,

NOTING however that the right for someone to choose to be a prostitute is already duplicated by Resolution #53 (Universal Freedom of Choice), as people has the freedom to choose to sell their own body, without "unreasonable interference",

FURTHER NOTING Resolution #192 (Sexual Privacy Act) which prohibits the criminalization of "any form of sexual activity", including prostitution, if it is done by consenting adults and done in private,

STATING that the rest of the resolution is worded with clauses that merely 'encourages' nations to change their behavior, but does nothing else,

CONCLUDING this resolution therefore to be nothing more than a duplicate of much more well-written resolutions that already protect prostitution,

DESIRING to remove useless resolutions to streamline bureaucracy,

The United Nations: 1) REPEALS Sex Industry Worker Act

Votes For: 6,062
Votes Against: 1,854

Implemented: Mon Feb 25 2008

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #239: Repeal "Humanitarian Intervention"[]

UN Resolution #92: Humanitarian Intervention (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: This Assembly, having convened to reconsider its adoption of UN Resolution #92: Humanitarian Intervention, observes the following:

1. The United Nations through past legislation condemns in the strongest possible terms egregious human-rights violations such as genocide, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity;

2. The United Nations is committed to enforcing relevant legislation expressly forbidding such offenses by member states;

3. The United Nations is not necessarily opposed to international interventions with a humanitarian purpose, but does fear that UN involvement in military operations as stipulated by Resolution #92 is inappropriate;

4. The United Nations expresses strong concerns over the serious flaws evident in the remit of Humanitarian Intervention, specifically:

- that it permits the United Nations to authorize offensive actions against member states, in contradiction of the UN's long-held tradition of strict neutrality in international theaters of conflict;

- that it subjects the territorial sovereignty and integrity of member states to a vote by a panel of unaccountable UN diplomats, allowing the United Nations to disregard member states' said sovereignty at the request of two or more nations;

- that it allows the United Nations to authorize interventions in non-member states, who are decidedly outside UN jurisdiction and are under no obligation to uphold UN mandates, however beneficial or well-intentioned;

- that it grants the overseeing panel unlimited powers to meddle in the planning and execution of intervention operations, greatly impeding their effectiveness and likelihood of success.

Whereas:

This Assembly considers the above-cited flaws to constitute a serious overreach of the mandate of the United Nations to protect international human rights;

This Assembly in particular strongly condemns this act's attempt to enforce UN dictates on non-member states;

This Assembly reassures its members that the enforcement of UN proscriptions against human-rights violations by member states will continue, even in the absence of an intervention accord;

This Assembly is convinced that nations finding cause to intervene in cases of grave human-rights abuses committed in other countries will do so, with or without a UN permission slip:

Be it therefore resolved:

1. UN Resolution #92: Humanitarian Intervention is hereby repealed.

Votes For: 5,586
Votes Against: 2,860

Implemented: Sat Mar 1 2008

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #240: Repeal "Fair trial"[]

UN Resolution #21: Fair trial (Category: Human Rights; Strength: Mild) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The General Assembly of the United Nations,

APPLAUDING the attempts of Resolution #21: "Fair trial" to bring about fair rights of the accused within the various judicial systems of member nations;

HOWEVER CONSIDERING Resolution #21's complete lack of any details concerning the concept of a fair trial, including relevant definitions and ingredients that traditionally constitute a fair trial, usually including: juror and/or judge impartiality, competency and neutrality, right to fair representation, right against intimidation, and right to counsel;

REGRETTING that without these understood characteristics of a fair trial in the text of the resolution, the term becomes ambiguous, defeating the overall purpose Resolution #21;

REPEALS Resolution #21: "Fair trial".

Votes For: 5,227
Votes Against: 3,087

Implemented: Thu Mar 6 2008

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #241: Repeal "Metric System "[]

UN Resolution #24: Metric System (Category: Free Trade; Strength: Strong) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: Understanding that "Metric System" seeks to standardize weights and measurements, specifically, converting all nations to the metric system,

Regretting, however, that the resolution fails to require any standardized weights and measurements, or provide any details for their implementation, defeating its central purpose,

Seeking the opportunity to pass more detailed and comprehensive international weights and measurements standardization,

Noting that this ineffective piece of legislation bars such an act from passage,

The United Nations hereby repeals "Metric System".

Votes For: 5,608
Votes Against: 3,909

Implemented: Tue Mar 11 2008

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #242: UN Access to Literacy Project[]

The United Nations,

Applauding its previous Resolution #79, "Reformed Literacy Initiative", for making literacy "the critical priority" for national educational systems,

Recognising that access to a wide range of suitable reading materials is central to the realization of that goal,

Considering that the relative cost of redistributing surplus reading materials compares favourably in economic and environmental terms with that of mass reprinting,

Pleased that the existence of the UNEAF precludes the necessity of creating additional bureaucracy for the administration of the Project:

1. Inaugurates the "UN Access to Literacy Project", to be run as a voluntary and not-for-profit initiative to include all member nations;

2. Invites all nations to collect surplus reading materials and make them available to the Project for redistribution to those in need;

3. Designates "surplus reading materials" as including donated, unwanted, used, second hand or remaindered books, magazines, journals and other written sources, including print rejects that are still usable but that cannot be sold;

4. Stipulates that materials may be used but must be of a reasonable quality, or capable of being returned to a reasonable quality at minimal cost, particularly with regard to their utility in literacy projects;

5. Grants nations reasonable discretion in organizing collection of the materials, including in the degree of centralisation: the collections could, for example, be organized within educational institutions, as part of waste collection, or through charity events;

6. Permits agencies and authorities involved in literacy programmes to petition the UNEAF for assistance in supplying a range of reading materials;

7. Authorises the UNEAF to:
- take inventory of collected materials;
- allocate the materials, and otherwise acquired through additional UNEAF initiatives, to petitioners;
- make contributors aware of particularly dire needs;
- grant small rewards to institutions that prove particularly responsive and helpful in collecting surplus reading materials;
- advise nations on strategies to improve their collections;

8. Declares that the UNEAF may make judgments on the reading materials, in consultation with petitioners for assistance, based on how appropriate and relevant they will prove, but that it will refrain from indulging in or abetting political censorship.

Votes For: 6,340
Votes Against: 1,117

Implemented: Sun Mar 16 2008

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #243: International Measurements Act[]

The United Nations,

REALISING that lack of weight and measurement standardisation is a major concern for importers and exporters,

FURTHER REALISING that such a lack of standisation can impede the flow of scientific research,

BELIEVING, therefore, that a standard for weights and measurements is required,

UNDERSTANDING, however, that one system of measurement, whilst appropriate in some circumstances, may be inappropriate and otherwise unusable in other circumstances,

FURTHER UNDERSTANDING that other measurement systems may be of cultural signifigance for certain member states,

The United Nations, hereby:

1) ESTABLISHES the Bureau of Measurements and Weights (BMW),

2) COMMISIONS the BMW to create a standard for all weights and measurements, and warrants the BMW to decide which unit is to be used under what circumstances. This will include, but is not limited to: a) Metric weights and measures for use on consumer products, scientific calculations (where appropriate), and roadway signage; b) The Parsec and related measures for astrophysical calculations (where appropriate); c) The Nautical Mile and related measures for aerial and nautical navigational (where appropriate) d) Bits, octets, bytes and related units for electrical information storage e) Other measurements systems for other circumstances as deemed appropriate by the BMW

3) MANDATES that all labelling, roadsigns, scientific papers, navigation charts, and other items requiring notation of this ilk, display the unit system as deemed appropriate for said item by the BMW clearly. This does not preclude the use of alternative measurements on such items as long as the BMW sanctioned unit is also displayed,

4) FURTHER ENCOURAGES that the measurement system(s) as authorised by the BMW be used primarily in educational instruction to encourage familiarity, but not precluding the teaching of other systems should a nation deem it necessary

Votes For: 6,062
Votes Against: 1,945

Implemented: Fri Mar 21 2008

UNITED NATIONS RESOLUTION #244: Repeal "Ban Single-Hulled Tankers"[]

Description: UN Resolution #11: Ban Single-Hulled Tankers (Category: Environmental; Industry Affected: All Businesses) shall be struck out and rendered null and void.

Argument: The General Assembly of the United Nations,

APPLAUDING the attempts of Resolution #11: "Ban Single-Hulled Tankers" to prevent serious environmental damages involving oil tanker ships;

NOTING WITH REGRET that Resolution #11 makes no legislative effort to actually prevent the oil spills referenced to, only providing the rhetoric that the United Nations "must unite to ban single-hulled tankers and endorse the use of double-hulled tankers";

CONVINCED that serious environmental issues such as oil spills should be addressed by the United Nations with legislation that contains actionable language to fulfill its intent;

UNDERSTANDING that it is in the interests of the United Nations to eliminate legislation that contains nothing more than rhetoric;

BELIEVING that more comprehensive and effective legislation can and should be enacted to eliminate serious environmental hazards;

REPEALS Resolution #11: "Ban Single-Hulled Tankers."

Votes For: 6,286
Votes Against: 2,876

Implemented: Sun Mar 30 2008

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